VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):特朗普政府或将调整对外援助项目
日期:2017-01-20 10:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Under Trump, Foreign Aid Programs May Change
With a new U.S. president coming Friday, changes in foreign policies and aid will likely follow. What those changes will be are not yet fully known.
But overseas aid will come under question from a president and a secretary of state known to follow the bottom line as businessmen. In business, the bottom line is a company's profit, or loss.
Rex Tillerson is the Secretary of State nominee. In his confirmation hearing, U.S. Senators asked the former head of Exxon-Mobil how to prevent U.S. assistance from being stolen by corrupt foreign countries. He said:
"If we're going to deliver aid into a country where we know this is a risk, what can we do in the execution of the delivery of that aid?"
It is likely that President-elect Donald Trump and his administration will be giving foreign aid to countries to improve property rights, the rule of law, and to fight corruption.
James Roberts is with the Heritage Foundation in Washington, D.C.
"Too much of the foreign aid given by the Western countries -- U.S., OECD countries -- has ended up only securing in power corrupt regimes."
Republicans now control the White House and both houses of Congress. This means that some programs opposed by religious conservatives could face review, and maybe be cut, or completely ended.
Amanda Glassman is with the Center for Global Development in Washington, D.C.
"Certainly there are worries, especially in areas of family planning and reproductive health, especially in the areas of HIV-AIDS prevention and treatment."
The United States is the biggest global donor. And John Kerry, the outgoing secretary of state, says the U.S. needs to do even more than the current spending of $34 billion for this year.
Kerry is calling for a new "Marshall Plan" like the one that helped rebuild Europe after World War Two. He wants the plan to make sure there is education for young people at risk of becoming followers of Muslim fundamentalists.
"There are about a billion and a half children in the world under the age of 15. Somewhere upwards of 400 million of them will not go to school, and that is a problem for all of us."
Throughout American history, diplomacy, development and foreign aid have had strong support from both political parties. U.S. diplomats hope that the Trump administration will also see overseas assistance as important for America's security and economic interests.
I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.foreign policies 外交政策

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He abdicated leadership of legislative and foreign policies to Congress and his cabinet.
他让国会和内阁领导立法和决定外交政策bkSiTUWrfOG

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2.Foreign Aid 国外援助

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They siphon foreign aid money into their personal bank accounts.
他们把国外救济金非法转入了个人银行账户MnXUY#HII[*u|0

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3.the bottom line 底线

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The bottom line is that it did not get the best out of everybody.
最关键的问题是这不能使每个人充分发挥自己的长处Hn]bM9d62_iaY;

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4.the Secretary of State 国务卿;国务大臣

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The proposals were given in outline by the Secretary of State.
国务卿对提议进行了简要的概述y;Kp4~*q;O~6SOao

内容解析

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1.It is likely that President-elect Donald Trump and his administration will be giving foreign aid to countries to improve property rights, the rule of law, and to fight corruption.

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property rights 产权;财产权

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Chinese law guarantees the property rights and other civil rights and interests of the disabled.
中国法律保护残疾人的财产权和其他民事权益Apb~#O5Lu_ekaw+@,p
Of equal importance, changes in inheritance laws have given women property rights.
同样重要的是,继承法的修改赋予了妇女财产权(HoI,;eyF.6E

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2.And John Kerry, the outgoing secretary of state, says the U.S. needs to do even more than the current spending of $34 billion for this year.

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the outgoing 即将卸任的

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You heard about this strategy yesterday from the outgoing President.
大家昨天从离任主席那里获悉了这一战略OAwmV71hyCr
She arrived to receive the sash of office from the outgoing president.
她走上前去从即将离职的总统手中接过了就职腰带b!([|V#xKMpoR=!hqSp&

参考译文

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特朗普政府或将调整对外援助项目
周五美国侯任总统将宣誓就职,其外交和援助政策可能会做相应的调整v*qH4Oy08H3XJmwaiR#。具体的调整计划尚未明确r.5B[|FR;(&]DXE#g3
然而,海外援助将会因总统和国务卿商人的底线而受到质疑b]Nb7tJvH7。商业底线通常是指公司的盈损6jqD%1z*2rd%u7Xm
雷克斯·蒂勒森(Rex Tillerson)被提名为新任国务卿pz[u,RB)V;Rr;。在任命确认听证会上,美国参议员向这位前埃克森美孚公司总裁提问将如何防止腐败的境外国家盗窃美国的对外援助ldDDgHRWrm。他表示:

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川普政府或将调整对外援助项目.jpg
“如果向一个存在风险的国家提供对外援助,那么在援助过程中应该如何规避风险?”
侯任总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)及其政府可能会向外国提供援助来改善产权、法治以及反腐工作OsbN~@7bYw
詹姆斯·罗伯茨(James Roberts)在华盛顿传统基金会任职+&2Wsq1a3T
“美国、经合组织国家等西方国家提供太多的对外援助只会以强化政权腐败而告终_e+aKLEuYN^fiD+L。”
如今,共和党把控着白宫和国会两院Qoo61Hh79EM。也就是说,一些宗教保守派反对的项目可能面临重新审查、可能会被削减或完全否决85v7r[ZUWh
阿曼达·格拉斯曼(Amanda Glassman)任职于华盛顿的全球发展中心~mBM0Bc1ZBB&.5D4llY-
“当然会有担忧,尤其是在计划生育和生殖健康以及艾滋病预防和治疗领域o.Dpj@77@|;MHsqX68A。”
美国是全球最大的捐助国GT#TV0FCDA7JL-#ezeVp。即将卸任的美国务卿约翰·克里(John Kerry)表示,今年美国需捐赠的金额将超过以往的340亿美元AJw0BXuQ2p@2P
克里呼吁推行新的“马歇尔计划”,就像二战后美国对西欧各国进行援助的计划一样wqFS&PeOXS1kb@#。他想借此确保那些可能追随穆斯林原教旨主义的年轻人的受教育权利vG8Yl6-OZn(3dz7*(
“全球15岁以下的儿童人数多达15亿uLt_RRm3=#L。其中约有4亿名孩子上不了学,这是我们所有人的问题GPUG|NbW6v.]g8。”
美国历史、外交、发展及外国援助都得到两个政党的强烈支持I1db.7t.ZY%H;gz!VuX2。美国外交官希望特朗普政府也能把海外援助作为美国的安全和经济利益的重要部分Xm+Qo-P0p.#
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • sashn. 饰带,肩带,腰带 n. 窗框 vt. 系上腰带 v
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • propertyn. 财产,所有物,性质,地产,道具
  • currentn. (水、气、电)流,趋势 adj. 流通的,现在的,
  • legislativen. 立法机构,立法权 adj. 立法的,有立法权的
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • securityn. 安全,防护措施,保证,抵押,债券,证券
  • opposedadj. 反对的,敌对的 v. 和 ... 起冲突,反抗
  • outlinen. 轮廓,大纲 vt. 概述,画出轮廓
  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支