VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):盟友互怼:美以就定居点问题炸锅
日期:2017-01-01 13:27

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The United States and Israel have exchanged criticism over the issue of Israeli settlements in the West Bank.
On December 23, the Obama administration allowed the United Nations to pass a resolution that declared Israel's growing settlements in the occupied territories illegal. Until that vote, the Obama administration had blocked resolutions criticizing Israel by using its veto power in the UN Security Council.
Days later, on December 28, Obama's secretary of state, John Kerry, gave a speech in support of what is known as a two-state solution for the area.
Kerry started the speech by saying the U.S. remains committed to Israel's security. He criticized Palestinian leaders for not doing more to stop terrorist attacks on Israel.
But he said Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had supported a policy on the settlements "driven by the most extreme elements in his country."
By settlements, Kerry meant Israeli efforts to build new housing in the West Bank. Israeli leaders say religious history and security concerns justify the housing.
Palestinian leaders and many world leaders consider Israel's West Bank developments as a barrier to a peace deal. Such a deal would give the Palestinians their own state in exchange for lasting peace with Israel.
In his speech, Kerry said, "Let's be clear: Settlement expansion has nothing to do with Israel's security. Many settlements actually increase the security burden on the Israeli Defense Forces."
He said the Israeli settler movement ignores the "legitimate" hopes of the Palestinian people for their own state.
Republican Donald Trump replaces Democrat Barack Obama as U.S. president on January 20. In a post on the social media site Twitter, he suggested the Obama administration's Israeli policy will not continue.
"We cannot continue to let Israel be treated with such total disdain and disrespect. They used to have a great friend in the U.S., but not anymore." He added: "January 20th is fast approaching."
Trump recently named lawyer David Friedman as his U.S. ambassador to Israel. Friedman has been a strong supporter of Israel's settlement movement.
Obama and Netanyahu have not had a friendly relationship for much of Obama's eight-year presidency. Netanyahu took the unusual step of delivering a speech critical of the U.S. president to the U.S. Congress in 2015.
The speech criticized the nuclear deal the Obama administration and leaders of other nations were about to sign with Iran.
Netanyahu Delivers Speech Responding to Kerry
Netanyahu gave his own speech one day after Kerry's. He was critical of Kerry and the Obama administration.
"What he (Kerry) did was to spend most of his speech blaming Israel for the lack of peace by passionately condemning a policy of enabling Jews to live in their historic homeland and in their eternal capital, Jerusalem," Netanyahu said.
He accused Kerry of not doing enough in his speech to discuss the "campaign of terrorism" by Palestinians against Israel over a long period of time.
Kerry, in his speech, said the Obama administration has been Israel's "greatest friend and supporter." He said he and the president have continually spoken out against terrorism against Israel.
But he said the U.S. had no choice but to criticize the growing Israeli settlements that, he said, threaten a two-state peace agreement. He said the number of Israeli settlers on the West Bank increased by 100,000 since Obama became president.
"Now, one thing we do know: if Israel goes down the one-state path, it will never have true peace with the rest of the Arab world, and I can say that with certainty," Kerry said.
In defending his criticism of a U.S. ally, Kerry said: "Friends need to tell each other the hard truths."
I'm Bruce Alpert.

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词汇解析

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1.block vt.阻止,阻挡

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I started to move around him, but he blocked my way.
我开始绕开他走,但他挡着我的路VVGS.Jdao^%BxyVV

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2.justify vt.证明……为正当,证明……有理

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No argument can justify a war.
没有任何理由能证明一个战争有理

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3.disdain n.蔑视,轻蔑

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Janet looked at him with disdain.
珍妮特轻蔑地看着他Se8mV)o%DO9lo0

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4.ignore vt.忽视

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She said her husband ignored her.
她说她丈夫对她置之不理S6e5~aynv_C)

内容解析

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1.Days later, on December 28, Obama's secretary of state, John Kerry, gave a speech in support of what is known as a two-state solution for the area.

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in support of... 支持……

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They decided to stay in support of the new leadership.
为了支持新的领导班子,他们决定留下来bvFl;r,H^ALn7M.

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Thank you for coming together in support of these noble goals.
感谢各位前来,共同支持这些崇高目标的实现Ih#k,+.Bo_WX.-G8k|

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2.Such a deal would give the Palestinians their own state in exchange for lasting peace with Israel.

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... 换取……,交换……

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I gave him an apple in exchange for his pear.

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我给了他一个苹果来换他的梨子yqj8*!WtE_#y]h

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In exchange for your effort, you are rewarded with composting service, provided by reliable workers (the worms!).
以你的努力为交换,你将获得由可靠的工人(蠕虫)提供的堆制肥料服务]12li7juxOvF

参考译文

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美国和以色列在以色列于约旦河西岸的定居点事宜上互相批评对方C!P7k.nDjQMf,C;EL
12月23日,奥巴马政府允许联合国通过一项宣布以色列占领巴勒斯坦领土并在其上增加定居点行为为违法的决议0k4eDbW.)F+#po0P[m。而美国投出此次赞成票之前,奥巴马政权在联合国安理会一向投反对票阻止指责以色列的决议TP)%Bi#)UK,ZJ]X|
数天后的12月28日,美国国务卿约翰克里发表了一则讲话,表示支持约旦河西岸地区的两国方案Q#zJWn.sj|GPD,%CkRR
克里讲话的前部分说道,美国始终致力于保证以色列的安全04#]_oy]1u+。克里批评了巴勒斯坦领导人在阻止恐怖主义对以色列的袭击方面所做工作不足M]u#Ff~K-]cICo*))*_
但克里表示,以色列总理内塔尼亚胡曾支持过一项由以色列最极端分子所驱动的定居点政策;|=%2HO;buMr|%TH
克里提到的定居点是指以色列试图在约旦河西岸建造的新定居点&Rw*4L,eEc%。以色列领导人表示,宗教历史和安全缘故可以为他们建造定居点正名dYD^W2LZxt
巴勒斯坦领导人以及许多世界领导人认为,以色列在约旦河西岸的定居点建造会阻碍和平协议的达成k6f;cJHyY,Rej-tFg1T。这样的协议意味着巴勒斯坦为了要与以色列实现持久的和平就需要用自己的领土做交换.|tD,RkYWp~KN|C~

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在讲话中,克里说,“开诚布公地说:定居点扩张与以色列的安全毫无瓜葛^c9!HjQ7#9KAw。太多的定居点反而给以色列国防力量增加了安全方面的负担=)h.c3nwjro+1XWVaK+@。”
克里说,以色列扩张定居点的行动无视了巴勒斯坦人民拥有固有国土的“合法”希望,LB=fGyG7x
共和党总统当选人特朗普将于1月20日接任现任美国总统奥巴马,GN]-&j!z~。特朗普在社交媒体推特上的一则发文中说,奥巴马对以色列的政策将不复存在.,ybT_F)XW
“我们不能继续让以色列被彻头彻尾的蔑视和无礼对待r[RbN,PJ-zkLB。过去美国曾是以色列对立面的盟友,但以后不会再是了iIqf7.|ch#hZsX。”特朗普还说,“1月20日眼看就快到了lvffLYmkC7N2p。”
近日,特朗普任命律师大卫弗里德曼(David Friedman)出任美国驻以色列大使CXZmLG3tZ1Oqh5!7H。而弗里德曼向来强烈支持以色列的定居点行动Zo5UgJXoP-j[nSx
在奥巴马8年任期的绝大部分时间里,其与内塔尼亚胡的关系素来不佳umS-d*L)N(。2015年在向美国国会发表讲话时,内塔尼亚胡还另人震惊地批评了奥巴马|dc3DIM@G][yk
那次讲话指责了奥巴马政府以及其他国家领导人即将与伊朗签订的核协议fZ)G]uZQp!&3
内塔尼亚胡发表讲话回击克里
在克里发表讲话仅一天后,内塔尼亚胡予以了回击~[wk7t*39%6oHIt。内塔尼亚胡(在讲话中)声讨了美国国务卿克里以及奥巴马政府6l,YYFVKbW|ufTKZx3n&
“克里讲话的大部分篇幅都在以极尽犀利之词指责以色列缺乏和平精神,而他的论据就是我们执行了一项允许犹太人居住在自己源远流长的故土和自己永久的首都耶路撒冷上的政策*mLw~ZuV!#jab!t3C。”
内塔尼亚胡在讲话中指责克里几乎没有提到巴勒斯坦在相当长的一段时间内针对以色列所发动的“恐怖主义行动”klL#tC3msv
克里在讲话中说,奥巴马政府一直都是以方“最好的盟友和支持者P(ReB5tn4S,u;*(sz!@L。”克里说自己和奥巴马总统一直以来都谴责针对以色列的恐怖主义行为]6MO6AQeFr_!EZ
但克里说,在以色列扩张定居点的问题上,美国除了指责别无他途,因为以色列的行为会威胁到两国和平方案]cg=C+uSdcq1。克里说,在奥巴马任期期间,约旦河西岸上的以色列定居者数量已经增长了10万名Lz&_]RS|iix#&V_0#4c
“现在,有一件事我们是清楚的:如果以色列继续坚持一国方案,那么在阿拉伯世界的其他地方,以色列是永远不会得到真正和平的,这一点我们是肯定的,”克里说==1H%80e=r_+oRuF4
克里还用一句话来支撑自己批评美国盟友的论点,他说,“朋友要能告诉对方逆耳的忠言trAiwjrVG8Y[8t+ur%+W。”
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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