What is the 2016 Word of the Year?
The American dictionary Merriam-Webster has named "surreal" its 2016 Word of the Year.
Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary defines the adjective as "very strange or unusual" or "having the quality of a dream."
The word entered the English language in the 1930s, following the artistic movement known as surrealism.
Merriam-Webster says searches for "surreal" rose after several world events and tragedies in the past year.
Major increases in the number of lookups directly followed the terrorist attacks in Belgium and France, the overthrow attempt in Turkey, the Brexit vote, and the death of American musician Prince.
But, Merriam-Webster reports, the largest increase in searches for "surreal" came just after the United States presidential election last month.
Its meaning comes from the word's two parts. The word "real" comes after the preposition "sur," which means "above" or "over" in the French language.
"Surreal" is often used to describe something shocking. People might use the word when they cannot believe -- or do not want to believe -- reality.
"Surreal" can have a negative or positive meaning. For example, the Grand Canyon or a trip to the Moon could be described as surreal.
Other popular words of 2016 include revenant, icon, and bigly, Merriam-Webster says.
Revenant means "one that returns after death." It comes from the French verb for "return." The Oscar-winning Hollywood film "The Revenant" drove this word's popularity.
People searched for the word "icon" in high numbers following the death of pop star Prince. It means "a person who is very successful and admired."
"Bigly" became hugely popular after many people thought U.S. President-elect Donald Trump used the word during a presidential debate.
People questioned whether the adjective "big" can be used as an adverb in the English language.
But language experts agreed that Trump actually said "big league." This expression describes something very successful or high-level. Trump used it as an adverbial phrase.
Language experts also agreed that "bigly" is a word, although it is not often used.
Other dictionaries have also announced their 2016 words of the year.
The Oxford-English Dictionary chose "post-truth," which describes situations in which "facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief." The phrase became popular during the 2016 U.S. presidential elections.
Dictionary.com named "xenophobia" its Word of the Year. It means "fear or hatred of foreigners." A huge increase in searches for the word happened on June 24 -- one day after Britain voted to leave the European Union.
I'm Ashley Thompson.
1.artistic movement 艺术运动
This, I believe, will very much benefit the whole literary and artistic movement.
2.known as 被认为；被称作
She is known as a great beauty.
3.look up 仰望；查阅
I looked your address up in the personnel file.
4.terrorist attack 恐怖袭击
The terrorist attack left many dead and wounded.
1.which describes situations in which "facts are less influential in shaping public opinion than appeals to emotion and personal belief."
public opinion 民意；公众舆论
He mobilized public opinion all over the world against hydrogen-bomb tests.
New public opinion polls show the president's approval rating at its lowest point since he took office.
2.Merriam-Webster says searches for "surreal" rose after several world events and tragedies in the past year.
searches for 搜寻；搜索
You can use a directory service to search for people on the Internet.
My life has been music, and a constant search for it has been the mainspring of my life
该词含义源于词汇的两个组成部分 。Real放在前置词sur之后，sur在法语中的意思为“在...之上” 。
Surreal常用来描述令人震惊的事情 。人们不相信或不愿意相信现实时就会用该词汇表达 。
Surreal有负面和正面双重含义 。例如，可以将大峡谷或月球旅行称之为超现实 。
Revenant指死而复生的人 。该词源于法语动词“归来” 。斩获奥斯卡奖的好莱坞电影《荒野猎人《The Revenant》使该词再次成为热门词汇 。
但是语言专家认为川普说的是big league，该词意为非常成功或高水平 。川普将它作为一个副词短语 。
牛津字典选择了后真相（post-truth）——在影响公众舆论方面，客观事实的影响力不及诉诸于情感和个人信念 。在2016美国总统大选期间，该词开始走红 。
Dictionary.com确定将“xenophobia（仇外）”选为2016年度词汇，该词汇意为“对外国势力的恐惧或仇恨” 。英国公投退欧后的6月24日，该词的搜索量剧增 。