BBC双语新闻讲解附字幕:津巴布韦银行现取钱热
日期:2016-12-30 07:26

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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People in Zimbabwe have been spending the night queuing outside banks hoping of getting their hands on their money before new government bonds are introduced. They are fearful of repeat of the economic crisis which saw inflation peak at 80 billion percent. Many lost their life savings and they don’t want that to happen again. Our business correspondent told me more.
Back in 2009 and before that, a 100 trillion Zimdollar note was barely enough to buy a candy bar if you were lucky enough to find one. That problem was eased when Zimbabwe started using the US dollar. Now at the moment, the main currency out there being used is the US dollar but there aren’t enough of them going around. They are in short supply through the country. So people want to get hold of them while they can and of course the government says it’s got a solution, the so-called bond note, not a currency but a surrogate currency, so like a currency. And in theory they’ll have the same value as equivalent dollar amounts. But what people really want is the cash that they can rely on. That’s why they’re queuing up to get it.

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津巴布韦银行现取钱热

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I understand people don’t know what these bond notes are gonna look like, so there is a risk of people circulating fake notes.
Well, exactly. There are reports that fake notes have come into circulation or are ready to be put into circulation before the official ones. And that’s simply worse than the problem. First of all, you get more notes in circulation. So they won’t want to use them. And that’s the problem. If a currency doesn’t have trust, people won’t want to use it, it will decline in value. So it might start off having a nominal value equivalent to the US dollar, but it’s unlikely to stay that way.
And what happens if people feel they can’t trust these new bond notes?
Well, they’ll trade in whatever ways and means they can. In some Zimbabwean cities cash cards have been used more commonly. In some places people are moving more towards more a cashless economy. Now that’s quite strange in a country like Zimbabwe where an awful lot of trade is done on the black economy and relies on cash. But if you don’t have any cash, you have to move to other things. In more rural areas, apparently there’s more bartering going on. So rather than paying for things in cash, you might pay for them in chickens or other agricultural produce that you have. So people will always find a way. They’ll always find something to trade. But if you haven’t got a solid reliable currency, the economy can not work efficiently, and that’s the problem.
Turkey is facing increasing pressure from the EU and the US following the arrest of 12 prominent Kurdish parliamentarians earlier on Friday.
A country that wants to introduce the death penalty, a country that almost every day arrests journalists, politicians, citizens, a country that doesn’t respect human rights, such a country can not get a free ride.
词汇学习

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1. get one’s hands on 得到,找到,占有
例:Barack Obama got his hands on Apple's tablet device before it even hit the shops - after being given one personally by Steve Jobs.
巴拉克·奥巴马总统得到这一苹果平板设备时,它甚至还没有发布,史蒂夫·乔布斯本人亲自将它送到奥巴马手上6A0-YXK6Ul
2.be fearful of 害怕
例:Taking myself as an example, I used to be fearful of public speaking when I was young. 就拿我来说吧,我年轻的时候曾很害怕在公众面前讲话eT@(vv!E(7zj7P
3. be in short supply 供不应求
例:Fresh water and other commodities are in short supply.
淡水和其他商品短缺HUy0v(1i88l^Nh|h%%
4. start off 出发,开始
例:Where to start off?
从哪里开始?
5. agricultural produce 农产品
例:Seventy per cent of our production team's income derives from agricultural produce.
我们生产队收入的百分之七十来自农产品%yJgS*Y&K#NV

参考翻译
津巴布韦人民连夜在银行排队,希望在新的政府债券出台前拿到现金]XM[2&o,*Sa,9。他们害怕经济危机重现,通货膨胀达到百分之八百亿的峰值,K6PV^+2XP。当时许多人失去了一生的储蓄,所以他们不想重蹈覆辙8vM,F7!ux*eT2。本台商业记者详细报道n=j[(q;Q(Zlu
回顾2009年及更早的时候,一百万亿津元现钞还不够买一个巧克力棒,而且能找到巧克力棒还得碰运气Z-@EY_7UE)Y。这个问题在津巴布韦开始使用美元后得到缓解fn(nSU7jtdVbB@。眼下市面上使用的主要货币是美元,但流通的数量不够,整个国家货币供不应求i#cj8cWpOg。所以人们希望趁机把现金拿到手,当然,政府称已经有解决方案了,也就是所谓的债券式票据,它不是货币,而是代理货币,类似货币+4|6#8.T_LiADABMzKKC。而且从理论上来说,两者与等价美元数额有相同的价值nKE_1r6A]pSN+。但民众真正需要的是可以依靠的现金ZJk*S;yD9983xL]Rq%g。这就是他们排队取钱的原因nUou.BZ5zzK!(z@fbQ
我了解到,由于民众不知道这些债券式票据会长什么样,所以可能会有人流通假币D%#&jrn[L-aT
嗯,一点没错nGuk!@b%qwo_P3f]Z。有报道称,在官方货币发行前已经有假币流通或准备流通了tc,M-T*tvec]。这比问题本身还要糟X5.T)|1JvhbBKG0zk=Mu。首先,流通中的货币增加了,而民众不想使用货币pO9sgnia0=Y|+。这是个问题V4t).|Y|v]sL4]。如果一种货币没有信度,民众不想使用这种货币,那它就会贬值vY(~iQSAdn4lmtY.K;Da。因此,开始流通时,它的票面价值也许会和美元等价,但不太可能保持不变2bs#E|dD8-Z^;
那如果民众对这些新债券式票据感到不信任,会怎么样呢?
那他们会用一切能想到的方式和途径进行交易O[txx#Dzm1R*d。在津巴布韦部分城市,使用更普遍的是现金支取卡.@QnW|jlhYo。还有一些地方的民众正在转向一种无现金经济c(b#PpwjN^。现在这种情况在津巴布韦这样的国家很奇怪,因为它的大量交易在黑市经济发生,依赖现金N~YbC=E0svFK0S%yP。但如果没有现金,就得用其他方法了8wVrJU(qo+6kGRU8ma8b。在更多农村地区,明显物物交换更盛行o3X5]04HS%p%。你可能不用现金买东西,而用鸡或手中其他农产品支付_pqZjSTnpWGE@。总之人们总会有办法的n!EPc=YS!*&FsHu。他们总会找到交易的东西Ktwk)z!pY]8+kcq;]。但如果没有坚实可靠的货币,经济不能有效运行,那这就成问题了BvL7T)]|-l_sKY,).)qS
在周五拘捕了12位显要的名库尔德人国会议员后,土耳其面临着持续增加的来自欧盟和美国的压力,
一个想要引入死刑的国家;一个几乎每天逮捕记者、政客和平民的国家;一个不尊重人权的国家,不能给它搭便车!
译文属可可英语原创,未经允许,不得转载-SwSrLtrOd

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