VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):坦桑尼亚巨鼠可"诊断"肺结核
日期:2016-12-20 14:18

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Tanzanian Rats Help in Identifying Tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide.
It killed about 2,000,000 people last year.
TB is an infectious bacterial disease that usually attacks the lungs. If the number of deaths from TB is to be reduced, doctors must be able to accurately diagnose and quickly treat patients.
That can be difficult in developing countries, but a health center in Tanzania is now using trained animals to find the bacterium in people.
Giant Pouched Rats are able to smell tuberculosis germs in human saliva. When they do, they stop moving. They wait for food from their trainer.
Fidelis John is one of the rat trainers. He works for a group called APOPO. He says the rats have a stronger sense of smell than other animals and can easily recognize tuberculosis.
Health workers now use a 100-year-old method to diagnose TB. It is not as effective as the rats. Often, health care workers have trouble identifying the disease in patients. This can cause TB to spread.
Dr. Richard Banda works in Tanzania. He is the acting country representative for the World Health Organization.
Dr. Banda says the WHO estimates that only a third of people with TB are diagnosed as being infected. Thirty thousand people die from the disease every year in Tanzania. That is about 82 people a day.
APOPO believes their rats -- which are native to Tanzania -- are an effective way to help solve the problem of TB misdiagnosis.
Trainer John agrees.
"Rat(s) can use the time in between 10 and 20 minutes to finish evaluating 100 samples -- a task that would have taken a lab technician a time of 4 to 5 days to finish that job."
After the rats complete their investigation, laboratory workers test samples. ab results are returned to hospitals within 24 hours, so those found to be infected can quickly begin medical treatment.
APOPO says since the rats have been used, they have identified thousands of infections that were missed with traditional tests.
The group is planning to use the rats in other countries, and train them to find other diseases.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.developing countries 发展中国家

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The debate will pit the industrial North against developing countries in the South.
这次辩论会将形成北方工业国家与南方发展中国家针锋相对的局面Vf~%hDGxJ(VD!U8

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2.health center 健康中心

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The health center has a Kangaroo Clinic, a special area for teaching this method.
这家健康中心有一个袋鼠诊所,用于教授这种方法,9HYOmJ=uVh@x_U

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3.medical treatment 治疗;医疗

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Several police officers received medical treatment for cuts and bruises.
几名警官因割伤和擦伤而接受了医治Vohdi!_R,+

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4.die from 死于

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Forty-thousand children a day die from preventable diseases
每天有4万个孩子死于本可以预防的疾病,o9QgEL.KH^l=B4]2EwY

内容解析

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1.It is not as effective as the rats.

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as effective as 和...一样有效

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It was said that she was as effective as god, bringing the dying back to life.
她是个妙手回春的民间医生zQH4eY%%qn
Injuring all of a man's ten fingers is not as effective as chopping off one.
伤其十指,不如断其一指!mj*A3N6[0|

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2.Often, health care workers have trouble identifying the disease in patients.

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have trouble (in) doing 做某事有困难

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You could ask the teacher for help when you have trouble in learning English.
当你学英语有困难时,你可以向老师寻求帮助qTb]Sm;2[EWHo
I have trouble in understanding the expressions on people's faces.
第二我在解析别人的面部表情是会遇到障碍VCvq;OoPIM*Z-Y|(H

参考译文

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坦桑尼亚巨鼠可“诊断”肺结核
肺结核是全球十大致死原因之一i(Yf528sGPIxOa34
去年,约200万人死于肺结核)E1~-IPy;^x
肺结核是一种感染性细菌性疾病,通常会感染肺部)xC7.0boQmz3YR~wua。想要降低肺结核的死亡人数,医生须准确诊断并快速治疗病患f6]xfzZNxd0[l-FN
发展中国家很难实现这一点,然而,坦桑尼亚的一个医疗中心在训练小动物以检测人体内的细菌iaInV7[%)bO)4x9^

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坦桑尼亚鼠诊断肺结核.jpg
巨型老鼠可以闻出人体唾液中的肺结核病菌!ot3X9r,bw-。当发现肺结核病菌时,它们就会停止动作!vU(9MWy6jIkOu3。它们会等待训练员奖励食物rzUukL&n6M4g@I
菲德里斯·约翰(Fidelis John)是一名驯鼠师MebWr+)1U*_e。他在一家名为APOPO的组织工作h)QxxuTw;J|w。他表示,与其他动物相比,老鼠的嗅觉更加灵敏,能够轻易发现肺结核病菌CO@Auk4X9dl2xy
如今,医务人员仍然使用一百年前的方法诊断肺结核6j;uNqmMaM。这种方法的效率远低于老鼠诊断)0-(is1A^6p1hBy]zqM,。医务人员难以诊断出病患的病情uDAq1vmg6V9Qw^BoP。这导致肺结核不断扩散gM0ggezb.ZqkCy
理查德·班达(Richard Banda)医生在坦桑尼亚工作~w-b8Zb#gYW5Zy#。他是世界卫生组织的代理国代表@#DMmtR~h(o3ND%bd_gn
班达称,据世界卫生组织预计,只有三分之一的肺结核患者能被确诊N--E=j)PkJ4aE83g~1J。每年,坦桑尼亚有三万人死于肺结核eq;nv.7OsliRG@a。每天约82人因肺结核死亡3Hc#f5Wt@aF4El1Z)gj
APOPO认为,其训练的坦桑尼亚本土老鼠能有效解决肺结核误诊的问题o@02uApO|K5OL
训练员约翰认可了此观点X.lBZpBEMj
“老鼠能在10到20分钟内检测100份样品,而一名实验室技术员则需要用4到5天的时间amRfExcdT5a]fv。”
老鼠检测结束后,实验人员会检测样本e@x@DD;unI1UMhz。实验结果在24小时内返送医院,感染的病人可以快速得到治疗0+M#R_PQU!!Pca&mf
APOPO表示,自从利用老鼠进行检测后,他们发现上万例用传统方法诊断不出的病例|A]I!C)#saGFTS6R
该组织计划将这些老鼠推广到其他国家,并训练其检测其他疾病Q4nK3t]c8N4N
卡迪·韦弗为您报道%*AGjgLlvqUf[VG

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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