VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):川普提名石油巨头担任美国务卿
日期:2016-12-19 15:31

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Trump Chooses ExxonMobil Chief as Secretary of State
U.S. President-elect Donald Trump has chosen Rex Tillerson as his secretary of state -- the top cabinet position.
Tillerson currently serves as Chief Executive Officer at the Texas-based oil company ExxonMobil.
In a statement, Trump said the businessman's experience operating a major company will help him lead the State Department.
"His tenacity, broad experience and deep understanding of geopolitics make him an excellent choice for secretary of state. He will promote regional stability and focus on the core national security interests of the United States," Trump said.
Tillerson has no experience as a diplomat, but his company has business relationships with governments in many countries, including Russia.
Trump says those contacts should serve Tillerson well as America's top diplomat. In Trump's words, "a great advantage is he knows many of the players and he knows them well. He does massive deals in Russia."
Tillerson has reached major agreements with Russian companies for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas. These deals led Russian President Vladimir Putin to give Tillerson his country's Order of Friendship in 2013.
Earlier this year, Tillerson said he has known Putin since 1999 and has a "very close relationship with him."
The ExxonMobil chief has strongly criticized American limits on trade with Russia. These measures have forced him to cancel some projects that would have been profitable for his company.
Political observers say Tillerson's ties with Russian officials may cause some members of the United States Senate to question his appointment. While American presidents can appoint members of their cabinet, the Senate must approve the nominees before they can serve. The Constitution gives the Senate this power.
On Sunday, John McCain, the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Tillerson's relationship with Putin is "a matter of concern."
Marco Rubio, a member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, said in a Tweet about Tillerson: "Being a friend of Vladimir is not an attribute I am hoping for from a secretary of state."
Relations between the United States and Russia have worsened in the past week after publication of intelligence findings. U.S. intelligence agencies found that Russia was involved in the theft of emails from Democratic Party officials. Some political observers believe the theft influenced the 2016 presidential election.
Trump has said repeatedly that he wants to improve relations with Moscow.
On Monday, Russia praised Tillerson. It said he is "highly professional."
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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词汇解析

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1.secretary of state 国务卿

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The proposals were given in outline by the Secretary of State.
国务卿对提议进行了简要的概述UGigzt,CZJ

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2.serves as 担任

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He serves as a clerk in a bank.
他在一家银行当办事员gVj+s=0vQ24

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3.the State Department 美国务院

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The State Department was warning that this could lead to another diplomatic stand-off.
国务院警告说这可能会引发新的外交僵局.N24P|hMRHk)&

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4.focus on 专注于

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The talks will focus on economic development of the region.
会谈将着重讨论该地区的经济发展qS5iy!eAd4bNE*J9

内容解析

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1.Tillerson has reached major agreements with Russian companies for the exploration and production of oil and natural gas.

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natural gas 天然气

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Coal is to be displaced by natural gas and nuclear power.
煤炭将让位于天然气和核能6=yC9^BR+NrrY&HClzI8
The natural gas policy act was passed.
天然气法案被通过O=xCe5*pT3|

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2.On Sunday, John McCain, the chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee, said Tillerson's relationship with Putin is "a matter of concern."

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a matter of 大约;...的问题

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This is not merely a matter of wording.
这不只是个提法问题vR0nxK=L)tj!R8E
Well, never mind, John, it's not a matter of life and death.
好了,约翰,别太在意了uS&Ru[a2jlG1EN+DqCQ[。这又不是什么生死攸关的大事A)C,ncK!3u6b3TEq]Y

参考译文

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川普提名石油巨头担任美国务卿
美国侯任总统唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)提名雷克斯·蒂勒森(Rex Tillerson)为其内阁级别最高的职位——国务卿MOO)FH|^qFA*hcGQ,
如今,蒂勒森是总部位于德克萨斯州的埃克森美孚石油公司的首席执行官8rZ3t7KzAyvD
特朗普在一份声明中称,蒂勒森经营大型企业的经验有助于其领导美国国务院O7]4BlzBNA~!@mSgqCM*

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特朗普提名石油巨头任国务卿.jpg
“他执着的个性,丰富的经验以及对地缘政治的深刻了解使其成为国务卿的不二人选0R,P,7~)D6V84oB1r^93。他将促进地缘稳定并关注美国的核心国家安全利益,”特朗普说道RN;t&K_Ks;7Du
蒂勒森没有什么外交经验,但他的公司与俄罗斯等多国政府有贸易往来DmN,-N,qMt
但特朗普表示,这些经历将使蒂勒森成为一名出色的外交官qwrc(E51Vo|DF+。用特朗普的话说,“其最大的优势在于认识并十分了解各国政府要员~^^CKYO&2ou~BqWBl)b。他与俄罗斯政府签有多笔大型合约X;Gt4RuNlh3TKG7XHta。”
蒂勒森在石油和天然气开采生产方面与俄罗斯企业达成多笔重大交易@RK;PHimjbCV^=~z。2013年,因为这些大型订单,俄罗斯总统普京授予蒂勒森“友谊勋章”!x&@c0M*,t-CLl
蒂勒森年初表示,1999年与普京结识后,二人的“关系十分密切”W~NpJ66nc_
一直以来,蒂勒森强烈批判美国在对俄贸易方面的限制zKM8.dgokI6c。这些限制使公司很多盈利的项目被迫取消c](%CtBk6de[fpnGk~(
政治观察员表示,蒂勒森与俄罗斯官员关系紧密,一些美国参议院议员开始质疑这项任命1.DpX^MB=.quvXx9J+l。美国总统提名其内阁成员后,须得到参议院的允许才可上任FaT^v=cEb7NSaH7g。宪法赋予参议院这项权利rD9pk+p[YENO!zn6X0m_
周日,参议院军事委员会主席约翰·麦凯恩(John McCain)表示,蒂勒森与普京的关系“让人忧虑4n),kW@&h,cf&(*zyJv|。”
参议院外交委员会成员马克罗·鲁比奥(Marco Rubio)在推特上谈及蒂勒森时表示,“我可不希望美国的国务卿是普京的密友9EW&&i&gAzAF。”
过去一周内,美俄关系随着情报的发布不断恶化)xl%~*qF=QdzUwB。美国情报机构发现,俄罗斯涉嫌窃取民主党议员邮件4hFA_@Fv(6kJH6k。政治评论员称,邮件泄露影响了2016美国大选的结果16#%W!5eyVQK(
特朗普也再三表达了想要修复与莫斯科关系的意愿%;w7VGEuSMi(n
周一,俄罗斯方面盛赞蒂勒森VKbnGzPOk9c+6g74pMz。称赞其“十分专业”y=|h@7QS4w|Qq2f
阿什利·汤普森为您播报6@g0(NLeZW,R).w-B

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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