UN Report: Young Girls Still Face Gender Inequality
A new United Nations report says a lack of education for girls in developing countries may be partly to blame for a rise in poverty worldwide.
The U.N. released its 2016 State of the World Population Report last week in Jordan's capital, Amman. The writers examine the well-being of 10-year-old girls as signs of success or failure of a country's development.
The report says most of the world's 10-year-old children live in developing countries. In many areas, girls face barriers to good education, healthcare and safety. The report points to problems with continued gender inequality among half of the world's young population.
On the day of the report's release, a group of students sang about gender equality at a press conference in Amman. The students take classes at the city's Princess Alia School for Girls.
The report says 89 percent of the world's 125 million 10-year-olds live in developing countries. It also says 35 million 10-year-old girls live in countries said to be very unequal on issues of gender.
Princess Basma Bint Talal is a Goodwill Ambassador for the U.N. Population Fund. She told reporters, "In some parts of the world, a 10-year-old girl looks forward to her horizons opening up" so she can reach her goals. But in other places, "she is up against closed doors."
Princess Basma said that girls' chances for success are limited when their futures are decided by other people or their environment. Some barriers can threaten their safety and social or economic growth.
Ten-year-old girls in many poor countries face the risk of being married off. More than 60 million girls are not in school. They do twice as much work around the home as boys their age, and they serve as unpaid laborers more than boys do.
Every 10 minutes, an adolescent girl dies of violence. Many of them are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, as a result of rape. Suicide is the second largest cause of death for young girls.
Jordan's Princess Basma said, "Let us remember that we are all responsible. Let us remember that our every word and deed, positive or negative, can affect the road a girl travels" from this turning point in her life. She continued, "This is what will shape her role in society, which is to say our society, and our world."
The U.N. report says that investment in the health, education and empowerment of 10-year-old girls can triple a girl's lifetime earnings.
Daniel Baker is the humanitarian coordinator for the U.N. Population Fund's office in Amman.
"Failing to invest in girls is nothing less than planned poverty. Unless we invest in girls, we're planning to have a poorer future."
This is a point that cannot be noted enough, he said.
The report closes with the message that doing damage to girls is harmful not only to their communities, but to humanity as a whole.
I'm Alice Bryant.
1.a lack of 缺少；缺乏
There is a lack of confidence in the government's ability to manage the economy
2.close with 以...结束
The two ministers did not close with each other until the near end of the meeting.
3.looks forward 期待
My family looks forward to seeing you next week.
4.open up 打开
The Chinese team had opened up a lead of more than two minutes.
1.The last time someone other than a U.S. president won the title in an election year was 1996.
other than 除了；不同于
His ribs were damaged, but other than that he's in good nick
You should have prepared something other than lamb and ratatouille.
2.The choice of Trump had both his supporters and detractors talking on social media.
social media 社交媒体
Social media undermines this process.
We have all witnessed the power of social media.
联合国在约旦首都安曼公布了2016年全球人口状况报告 。报告聚焦10岁女孩的福祉，以作为开发成败的指标 。
报告称，全球大部分10岁女孩生活在发展中国家 。很多地区的女孩在良好教育、医疗保健和安全问题方面都难以得到保障 。报告还指出，全球约一半的年轻人口中仍存在性别不平等的问题 。
发布会当日，一群学生在安曼新闻发布会上歌颂性别不平等 。这些学生在安曼市阿里亚公主女子学校就读 。
报告称，全球1.25亿10岁女孩中，89%居住于发展中国家 。报告还称，有3500万10岁女孩居住在那些性别不平等问题非常严重的国家 。
巴斯马·贝特·塔拉勒（Basma Bint Talal）公主是联合国人口基金会的亲善大使 。她对记者说，“世界的某些地方，一位10岁的女孩期待着开阔自己的眼界”，这样她才能实现梦想 。而在一些地方，“她却被拒之门外” 。
巴斯马公主表示，当女孩的命运由他人或所处环境决定时，她们成功的机会就非常渺茫 。有的阻碍甚至会威胁到她们的安全，危及社会或经济增长 。
许多生活在落后国家的10岁女孩还面临着早婚的窘境 。超6000万女孩无法上学 。她们所做家务是同龄男孩的两倍，而且更容易被当做无偿劳动力 。
每10分钟就有1名女孩因暴力死亡 。很多女孩因被强奸而感染艾滋病毒 。自杀已经成为女孩死亡的第二大原因 。
约旦巴斯马公主表示，“我们需铭记，大家对此都有责任 。我们需铭记，无论是积极还是消极，我们的一言一行都会影响一位女孩人生的转折点 。”她继续说，“这会塑造她们在这个社会和世界里所扮演的角色 。”
丹尼尔·贝克（Daniel Baker）是联合国人口基金会驻安曼办事处的人道主义协调员 。
他说，“放弃投资女孩与趋于没落无异 。除非对女孩们投资，否则我们就是计划贫穷的未来 。”