BBC双语新闻讲解附字幕:普京向好莱坞巨星颁发护照
日期:2016-11-28 18:21

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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BBC News with Marion Marshall.

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President Hollande says France’s Intelligence Services have successfully dismantled a terror network, preventing a large-scale attack. He was speaking following the arrest of 5 men, who prosecutors say were receiving orders by encrypted mobile apps from Islamic State commander based in Iraq or Syria. They’re suspected of planning to attack a high-profile target such as a Christmas market on the Champs-Elysees or Disneyland Paris next Thursday.

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One of the closest allies of the Brazilian President Michel Temer has resigned in the latest corruption scandal to hit the country. The government secretary Geddel Vieira Lima has become the sixth minister to stand down from Mr Temer’s cabinet since he took over in May, promising to tackle corruption.

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Police across England have widened their investigation into child sex abuse within football after more ex-players broke their silence, alleging they’ve been sexually abused as boys. One said a paedophile ring had been operating.

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Scientists have warned that Arctic ice is melting at an unprecedented rate because of unusually high temperatures. Researchers say this risks triggering uncontrollable climate change.

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The assembly of Pakistan’s Sindh Province has passed a bill that outlaws forced religious conversions, the first of its kind in the country. Sindh includes Pakistan’s biggest city Karachi and it’s also a home to most of the country’s tiny Hindu minority.

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Lawyers for the South African President Jacob Zuma say they will amount a legal chanllenge to a report alleging that a wealthy business family the Guptas had undue influence over cabinet appointments. Mr Zuma is due to appear before the governing ANC’s integrity commission next week.

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President Putin has presented a Russian passport to the Hollywood action star Steven Seagal. Mr Putin told him he hoped this would serve as a symbol of what he described as gradual normalization of relations between Moscow and Washington.

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BBC News.

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BBC英文文本来自普特听力网,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载-hoXTNDEdwl

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词汇学习

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1.dismantle vt.拆开;拆卸;废除

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Public services of all kinds are being dismantled.
林林总总的公共设施正被逐渐废除=]G^12jna3B+k(AhH

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2.encrypt v.加密

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An encrypted message cannot be decrypted by the destination queue manager.
加密的消息不能由目标队列管理器解密.

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3.scandal n.丑闻,丑名,丑事

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His government began to unravel because of a banking scandal.
他的政府由于一起金融丑闻而开始瓦解*DYQ[(LWv=Z;MXf3V=

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4.widen vt.& vi.放宽,加宽

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Mr Dobson promised to widen the organisation's scope of activity.
多布森先生许诺拓宽该组织的活动范围&.0v!vHF@GQ_[1

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5.unprecedented adj.前所未有的,无前例的

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The scheme has been hailed as an unprecedented success.
这个计划广受好评,被认为是一个巨大的成功+Y0n6!rJ~sc5RIV#g5i

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6.outlaw vt.宣布…为不合法

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The German government has outlawed some fascist groups.
德国政府已经宣布一些法西斯团体为非法,&w[S~g(5osC3

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7.undue adj.过度的,过分的

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The voting went off without any undue irregularities.
这次投票顺利进行,未发生任何违规行为sc_YWF1vR*;

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内容解析

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One of the closest allies of the Brazilian President Michel Temer has resigned in the latest corruption scandal to hit the country.

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to hit the country动词不定式作定语

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1、动词不定式与其所修饰的词之间往往有动宾关系,如果该不定式是不及物动词,或者该不定式本身有宾语,其后应有必要的介词%VN3eDU9.U!)K[c@^W
例句:
He wants water to drink.他要喝水%Wm[Cd7%sJ;
She has a child to take care of.她有一个孩子要照顾(Q0DF[Srz;&zIDxv.Rb
Are you going to the conference to be held next week?你准备参加下周举行的会议吗?

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2、作定语的不定式可以表示情态意义mcb&ZOZ4]7_-15ThNdT。作定语的不定式有时含有情态意义,相当于may,can,will,would或should所具有的含有Gvu!TL~;HuCksu)Olm
例句:
He has no friend to depend on.他没有可以依靠的朋友8an(1ihdU]P。(to depend on=whom he can depend on)
He is not the kind of man to do such things.他不是可能做这种事的人%2NEAIm=e*。(to do such things=whom may do such things)
I have a lot of work to finish today.我今天有许多工作要完成I6n*l0KQ3[E|Q*AJGr。(to finish=which I should finish或which I must finish)

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3、不定式可以修饰there be结构中做主语名词OZxCjJQ&~Pnu+
例句:
There is a good rule to go by.有一项应该遵守的好制度DY*YjfCr(]UYjG
There is not a moment to lose.刻不容缓&alqUDoi68O29Nufeh
She knows all there is to know.所有的事情她全都知道zz|G&c1P(n2f+uJDUk

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4、不定式常用于“have+the+抽象名词”结构中)YU2x^sF6g
例句:
She has the kindness to help you.她出于好意帮助你G_y6j*6X(vO6
I didn’t have the heart to tell you the bad news.我不忍心把这个坏消息告诉你0jGPcxG,Al

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5、有些名词后常跟不定式作定语j8V.rJ]5f;A7。例如time,way,right,chance,reason,effort,ambition,movementv!ABm]Kk(o
例句:
It is already time to start spring sowing.是开始春播的时候了+(1izfKX41,oI(BmJk[
Thank you for giving me the chance to make the speech.谢谢你给我发言的机会Km*]u%w(F]-9GL~

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6、有些动词和形容词后常跟不定式,这些动词和形容词派生出来的名词后也可用不定式作定语wcSkn&!hI_vWCB_aZG。例如ability,agreement,anxiety,decision,plan,need,determination,willingness
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例句:
His eagerness to get back home was quite obvious.看得出他急于回家arW|q^GAopTEmY4c-b]
She made an attempt to overcome her weaknesses.她努力克服自己的缺点LajY.N9#lsO(@9eg))y

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7、不定式可以修饰做主语的名词,相当于一个定语从句,表明动作即将发生c,zt1SVKy%EdEE1.(
例句:
The future to greet us will be bright.我们的未来将是美好的]InL!y&4b=@kmvI=N31V
The plans to be made are of vital importance.要制定的计划至关重要~xz(ti|127hX

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8、the first,the second,the last,the best,the only thing等常跟不定式作定语n_G~39;zNFOh]f
例句:
She is always the first to answer questions.她总是第一个回答问题#P5m4jkG7aMj6ch
He would be the last to agree to the plan.他决不会同意这项计划J;Hzpp@vTIk]4@f-

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9、当go,spare作“剩下”解时,可作定语;另外还有“with/without+名词+不定式”结构[=v.x1yXmHNRYf.,RV
例句:
With much money to spend,the boy was spoiled.那个男孩花钱如流水,被惯坏了%XbJBE0D4;
He left on a cold morning,without anyone to see him off.他在一个寒冷的早上离开的,没有人为他送行=!yR3DK3+C

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10、a much-to-be-longed-for place——不定式作前置定语__NR=UyqV~lFX。不定式作定语时一般需后置,但由连字符连接的不定式短语作定语则要前置,为一种简洁的表达法,其组成结构一般有“动词+名词/代词”、“动词+动词”、“动词+副词”、“形容词+动词”几类t,YPSpi7DL
例句:
a do-nothing man(一个无所事事的人)
a strong-to-be-desired travel(一次十分渴望的旅行)
the take-home pay(带回家的工资)
a never-to-be-executed plan(一个永远也施行不了的计划)

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参考翻译

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Marion Marshall为您报道BBC新闻LQGa#oW_[1)^=zQ

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法国总统奥朗德表示,情报部门成功瓦解了一个恐怖网络,阻止了一起大规模袭击]=5O!Xe*GP)-oppUo-i。他在5名男子被逮捕后发表讲话g-wXbjGUxp]ATA[Cd。检控官表示,这五人通过加密的手机程序接收位于伊拉克或叙利亚的伊斯兰国指挥官的指令-bi;(~=BmWu3#IW_4。他们涉嫌策划于下周四袭击一个高级目标,比如香榭丽舍大道的圣诞市场或巴黎迪斯尼乐园i|[|0d5_kMXy,fZu

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巴西总统米歇尔·特梅尔(Michel Temer)最亲密的盟友之一在这个国家最严重的贪污腐败丑闻中辞职;Q)~_X][|IeqH.&K7w。政府秘书处处长金德尔·维埃拉·利马(Geddel Vieira Lima)成为自特梅尔执政以来辞职的第六位部长H(YOQIxdx_!s-iX。特梅尔上台时承诺整治腐败问题-BPT&;(Hw]jVG*R_G6g2

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英格兰警方扩大了足球界儿童性侵犯问题的调查范围U=+3q^)PK@o1PLE0Os。此前,许多前球员打破了沉默,宣称他们孩童时期曾经遭到性侵Z)wHqZx4ti。其中一人表示,有一个恋童癖团伙在背后操作KMYFz*Vt@GdRL|

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科学家警告称,由于罕见的高温,北极冰层正以前所未有的速度融化&&HYZ^K9!VaLLEWJ[~。研究人员表示,这有可能引发难以控制的气候变化Ry1k8G.gyqbd;ph@B;

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巴基斯坦信德省立法机构通过了一项法案,宣布强制性宗教皈依非法,这是这个国家首部类似的法案B3rN2uhoS5_b|。信德省包括巴基斯坦最大城市卡拉奇,也是大部分印度少数民族居住的地方cz6o5vh3+!zcKeGd6

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南非总统雅各布·祖马(Jacob Zuma)的律师团表示,他们将对一份报道提起法律诉讼z)SS=EI4WGvl!zs6E。报道指控富豪家族古普塔对内阁官员任命有着重大影响z_|1~*+;^oiJkG+N4r@K。祖马将在下周举行的非洲人国民大会诚信委员会上露面*YE&WTQ#@exXI@Lojk[,

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普京总统向好莱坞动作巨星史蒂文·西格尔(Steven Seagal)颁发俄罗斯护照tJ]-X3u0qD|。普京告诉他,他希望这能成为莫斯科和华盛顿之间关系逐渐正常化的象征5sF05AA.0(Un_q

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重点单词
  • vitaladj. 至关重要的,生死攸关的,有活力的,致命的
  • networkn. 网络,网状物,网状系统 vt. (以网络)覆
  • integrityn. 诚实,正直,完整,完善
  • scandaln. 丑闻,中伤,反感,耻辱
  • decisionn. 决定,决策
  • kindnessn. 仁慈,好意
  • votingn. 投票 动词vote的现在分词形式
  • obligationn. 义务,责任
  • resignedadj. 认命的,顺从的,听任的 动词resign的过去
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的