VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):零工经济崛起 美国人靠网络赚钱
日期:2016-11-25 14:57

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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One in Four Americans Make Money from the Online Economy
Nearly one in four Americans made money over the last 12 months by using their personal computers or other devices connected to the I nternet.
The Pew Research Center, an independent research group in Washington, found that people are using the Internet to find extra work.
They go online to sell things such as used books and furniture or they offer to provide services such as babysitting, house cleaning or computer repairs.
The Pew Center asked people if they make money from the Internet or computing devices, and, if so, what they do to earn their pay. The answers provided the findings of Pew's new report on what has been called the "Gig Economy."
Pew found that income earned on the Internet can come in many forms. Many Americans said they used their computers to do extra work.
About five percent of Americans said they did online computer work over the last year. Some of these people said they had jobs that paid a few pennies each to take surveys. In these surveys, people are asked for their opinions of different products or well-known people.
Others typed reports or other information on their home computers.
Using digital devices to offer a service online was another way to earn income.
About two percent of Americans earned money from ride-sharing companies such as Uber and Lyft. When drivers are ready to pick up passengers, they use their ride-share company's app. The computer program lets them know when passengers are ready to be picked up and how to reach them.
Some people make their homes, apartments, or rooms inside their homes, available for money to people visiting their cities. A popular website people use to makes rooms available is www.airbnb.com.
Other people use apps on their computer devices that permit people to hire them to babysit, walk dogs or do repair or clean-up work. Apps operated from phones or tablets connect them to people looking for such services.
How Much Does Online Work Pay?
About 60 percent of people involved in the gig economy say the income they earn is important to them. But just one in five people who sell things online say the income is enough to be important to their lives.
Only 16 percent believe doing online work will lead to a meaningful career.
But 37 percent say the extra income earned from online jobs helps them make up for shortages in money.
The number one reason people gave for taking online jobs was that the work gave them something to do and was fun. Pew said that reason was listed by 42 percent of people it questioned.
But, opinions about the online economy are mixed.
Sixty-eight percent say the gig economy is good for people who want flexibility when they work. Flexibility means they do not have to work when they are at their regular jobs or have family or school events or other things they want or need to do.
Some People Feel Computer Work Is Advantage Employer
But, 23 percent say online work lets companies take advantage of employees and only 16 percent believe they can build careers with gig work. By taking advantage, some people mean they do not get paid enough for work done through online companies.
About one in five say they take online jobs to gain work experience, while 17 percent say it is because they cannot find other jobs.
What kind of people work online or use online devices to find work? The answer appears to be: mostly people who already have jobs.
According to Pew, 68 percent say they are already employed full time or part time. Twenty-three percent say they are students. Thirty-two percent say they have no other jobs.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.house cleaning 清扫房屋

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They first had a great house cleaning.
他们首先给屋子来一个大扫除h(pV]^xun#

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2.part time 兼职的;部分的

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I work part time, which suits me fine.
我做兼职工作,这很适合我m9cgYZlnvU5

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3.work experience 工作经验

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Relevant work experience is required for overseas postings.
派驻海外要求有相关的工作经验oq=vT7e[s*gG

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4.pick up 捡起;获得

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We drove to the airport the next morning to pick up Susan.
我们第二天早晨开车去机场接苏姗z;;X9!u74V

内容解析

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1.But 37 percent say the extra income earned from online jobs helps them make up for shortages in money.

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make up for shortages 弥补...的不足

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It is most necessary to make up for possible shortages with surpluses.
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We import wheat and soybeans from America, Canada, Australia to make up for shortages domestically.
我们从美国、加拿大、澳大利亚进口小麦、大豆,来弥补国内的缺口FW_D4=!h16!ZIHE

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2.But, 23 percent say online work lets companies take advantage of employees and only 16 percent believe they can build careers with gig work.

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take advantage of 利用

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You may wish to take advantage of our instructional session.
你应该充分利用我们的教学课程P;&atyf1Sr=7_
I want to take advantage of your lifetime of scholarship.
我希望能够用到您一生的学识3bv&+(p1ZFtU+p7))dIZ

参考译文

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零工经济崛起 1/4美国人靠网络赚钱
过去的一年里,约1/4的美国人通过个人电脑或其它设备连接互联网赚钱~zuK](Ge2k,8!BB
位于华盛顿的独立研究组织——皮尤研究中心发现,人们开始通过互联网打零工HOc+(Oo-R3YC6fM62hHy
比如,网上售卖二手书本和家具等,或是提供保姆、保洁或电脑维修等服务%ki9K|VKMs;
皮尤研究中心调查受访者是否通过互联网或电脑设备赚钱,以及他们的赚钱方式g)89G+3yTCz#D4o9muF。该调查结果为皮尤研究中心的零工经济报告提供了新的数据&&Ct;ZC=Z#t_.T|u

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零工经济崛起.png
皮尤研究中心发现,利用互联网赚钱的方式多种多样9%5,E&ADbi5)BFTz7XOl。多数美国人表示,他们会利用电脑做零工+O7P]OI9c45+n
约5%的美国人表示去年利用互联网打工IiPqxDtO[p;^hpgD(F。其中一些人称参与过几次待遇微薄的有偿调查J[g@P8Xg%=.)KQ0。调查的内容是表达自己对不同产品或名人的看法6PfMv)Jv].zIr)vA3
还有一些人在家用电脑写报告或其它信息vOyGdGQ2BxgfR&MV
利用数字设备提供在线服务也是一种赚钱方法hU4@a;V*Zs3_8L[Nwhs
约2%的美国人通过Uber和Lyft共享公司赚取收入BZ^,9lZuW7。司机会用共享公司软件搭载乘客#=TmTFzADmBZb。当乘客想搭车时,司机会通过软件接收信息并找到乘客所在位置4B#H4@5jT2!N5K%
有些人通过把房子、公寓或多余的房间租给游客获得收入,mN[j7_U;D#|x7a*HlB*。常用的租房网站是www.airbnb.comU[4iAL|XHK,7OJK6P
其他人使用电脑上的软件寻找保姆、遛狗、维修或保洁的工作#Ej^3WZ,=yuL。手机或平板电脑上安装的软件将他们与雇主联系到一起~Ik]D9QNdfknuFy]
在线工作的薪资如何?
约60%参与零工经济的人认为这份收入对自己很重要~m^kn7cRa&Wv4WoNG。而在网上售卖物品的人中,只有20%认为这笔收入对其生活十分重要!%c@x6YEcfjGjh,-VZrO
16%的人认为,在线工作会开创一份有意义的事业ok&+vR-9sAWI([
37%的人称,在线工作带来的额外收入能够弥补资金缺口P)4,#0nUo%y,j
参与在线工作的首要理由是因为这让人们有感兴趣的事情可做o5gG@ehQZ^x=!z;I~0。皮尤研究中心表示,42%的受访者的给出了这一理由*Mzr3nmkl)mdugEB=89g
然而,大家对在线经济的看法不一3H57S-Y9yJv2MK^72
68%的受访者认为,零工经济对那些需要灵活安排工作的人有利Oc^R0+jOz.d*。灵活是指那些有全职工作或家庭、课程安排、想做或必须做其它事情时,可以暂停在线工作pvWql[0z1OLEe
有人认为在线工作方便了雇主
23%的受访者认为,在线工作能够让公司充分利用员工资源eeWy]u(u4P5~M%(SV5L。16%的受访者认为可以利用零工经济创业L(Y[[J2nP0+&4jRMo[。有人觉得在线公司的工作薪水并不丰厚nubTobVG[,O(C*WK
约20%的受访者表示,为了获得工作经验而从事在线工作,17%的受访者则表示,他们找不到其它的工作gEiHUKPW2![@-_e1O2
哪些人从事在线工作或利用在线设备找工作?大多数为已经有工作的人FHLY#4i@X@vLm5J-MnHA
据皮尤研究中心调查,68%的受访者表示有全职或兼职的工作|zUw%PzN~FAg。23%的受访者是学生s64m1o3eYw&z=!(。32%的受访者表示他们没有其他工作ao=~@P1DP&&&!^
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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