Report Shows Deaths by Selfie on the Rise
"Selfie," taking a picture of yourself to post on social media, became an official word in the Oxford dictionary in 2013. The idea seems simple, just pose and snap a photo of yourself with your cell phone camera. How difficult could that be?
But in 2014 a reported 15 people died while taking selfies. That number has risen each year since then. Thirty-nine deaths connected to selfies were reported in 2015. And, this year has seen more than 70 such deaths.
Researchers from universities in the U.S. and India have released findings from the first study of deaths due to selfies. The investigators examined the causes and characteristics of the deaths.
The researchers found that people who take selfies for sharing on social media often have narcissistic tendencies. The report says these people "use selfies as a form of self-identification and expression." They may take selfies in more dangerous settings because they seek greater attention.
These dangerous situations can lead to injury, and even death. The researchers define a selfie death as "death of an individual or a group of people that could have been avoided had the individual(s) not been taking a selfie."
One example of a dangerous selfie in the study involved bicycle races. People sometimes get on the track to take a picture of themselves with the racing bicycles behind them. Crashes and injuries have resulted. Another example described people standing on train tracks trying to get a selfie as a train moves toward them from behind.
The most common cause of selfie death was falling from high places. It caused 32 of the 172 deaths during the last two and one-half years.
Drowning was another common cause of death.
Other risk factors include transportation, such as taking a selfie while walking on train tracks or driving a car. Taking a selfie near electric lines also led to some of the deaths, as did selfies taken with weapons and wild animals.
India reported 76 selfie deaths, the most of the countries studied.
And it might be more dangerous to be a man with a smartphone. Although women take more selfies, males were far more likely to die during selfies. 75.5% of the reported deaths were of men.
About one-third of the 172 reported selfie deaths had a single death while 24 incidents involved the deaths of groups. Two of the incidents killed seven people each.
Staying Safe While Taking Selfies
Efforts are growing to prevent these deaths. The study says there are now 16 places in Mumbai, India established as "No Selfie Zones."
The Russian government also has started a "Safe Selfies" campaign to warn people about risky selfies.
The website Selfie to Die For asks visitors to take a promise not to risk their lives and the lives of others while taking selfies. The website also has tips for staying safe while taking selfies and gives examples of people who died from taking risky selfies.
Their Twitter account @selfietodiefor offers tips for staying safe while taking selfies and reports incidents of selfie deaths and injuries.
The full report is available at: Me, Myself and My Killfie: Characterizing and Preventing Selfie Deaths.
I'm John Russell.
1.social media 社交媒体
We have all witnessed the power of social media.
2.lead to 导致
A lack of prudence may lead to financial problems.
3.bicycle race 自行车竞赛
Each year they compete in a prominent statewide bicycle race.
4.train track 火车轨道
I am good on my train track.
1.The website also has tips for staying safe while taking selfies and gives examples of people who died from taking risky selfies.
died from 死于...
Six soldiers are reported to have died from their wounds.
Two of them died from apparently unrelated causes.
2.The report says these people "use selfies as a form of self-identification and expression."
Body consumption becomes an important way to construct self-identification.
However, teachers of self-identification as a major factor in their career development.
所谓“自拍”是指自己为自己拍摄照片，然后上传至社交媒体，该词被牛津词典纳入2013年正式词汇 。自拍看似简单，只需摆好造型然后用手机拍照 。这能有多难？
但是，2014年一份报告称有15人因自拍死亡 。此后该数字逐年增加 。2015年因自拍死亡的案例多达39起，今年甚至高达70多起 。
美国与印度高校的研究人员发布了第一份关于自拍死亡的报告 。研究人员还就死因与死亡特征进行了调查 。
研究人员发现，喜欢在社交媒体上晒自拍的人往往都有自恋倾向 。报告指出，这些人“认为自拍是一种认同和表达自我的方式” 。为了获取更多关注，他们不惜置身险境自拍 。
这种险境可能导致他们受伤甚至殒命 。研究人员将自拍死亡定义为“不自拍即可避免个人或群体意外死亡” 。
危险自拍包括自行车竞赛 。有时，选手会在赛道上拍摄自己与身后自行车的照片 。因此发生了碰撞与伤亡事故 。还有就是火车靠近时，人们在轨道上自拍 。
其它危险因素还包括交通，如在铁轨上或开车时自拍 。在电线旁自拍，与武器或野生动物自拍同样会导致死亡 。
拥有智能手机的男性成为自拍死亡的高危群体 。虽然女性更爱自拍，但是男性死于自拍的概率更高 。报告称，死亡人数中有75.5%为男性 。
在172起死亡案例中，有三分之一是个体死亡，另有24起为群体死亡 。其中有两起群体死亡事故各造成7人死亡 。
预防自拍事故的措施在不断加强 。该研究指出，印度孟买现有16个地区设置了“禁止自拍区” 。
Selfie to Die For网站要求游客承诺，不要让自己或他人冒着生命危险自拍 。该网站还发布了自拍安全提示，并贴出危险自拍死亡者的案例 。
查看完整报告请访问：Me, Myself and My Killfie: Characterizing and Preventing Selfie Deaths 。