VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):安得广厦千万间?全球流浪人数激增
日期:2016-11-22 17:26

(单词翻译:单击)

yu%Pl5p+A%O2ieGJ+EqBPJpE(SfFw9Mwwi

听力文本

Bb9BtnKc*U6Dp,[%

Homeless Population Down in America, But 'Spreading' Worldwide
The number of people in the United States without a home is down from one year ago.
The total is nearly 550,000, about 3 percent lower than in 2015. The number comes from the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
The information comes after the United Nations (UN) reported that homelessness is "spreading" worldwide. The report called on governments around the world to end homelessness by 2030.
The UN last produced a study on the world's homeless population 11 years ago. At that time, it estimated the total at 100 million.
But the UN said the number is likely much higher today. It estimates 100 million children alone are now without a home.
Worried about Mosul
Recently, UNICEF, the UN's children's agency, warned about children living in and around the city of Mosul, Iraq. It said tens of thousands of them could become homeless as Iraqi forces continue work to take back Mosul from Islamic State militants.
In its report, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development measured homelessness on a single night. In January, 2016, thousands of volunteers spread out across the country. They counted a total of 549,922 homeless individuals. That is down 14 percent from six years ago.
Still, the government agency reported increased homelessness in the cities of Los Angeles, Dallas, Seattle and Washington, D.C. Officials blamed the increase on higher housing prices.
Julian Castro is the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. He said it is important that more be done to help people find a place to stay for themselves and their families.
"Every person deserves a safe, stable place to call home," Castro said.
In recent years, a major effort has lowered the number of homeless military veterans, he said.
UN: Problem Growing Across World
While Castro points to some progress in the United States, UN officials say homelessness is now a problem in all countries, rich and poor.
Leilani Farha, the top UN official on housing, said homelessness is an issue of life-and-death importance.
"The death rate among homeless people ranges from two to 10 times higher than for those who are not homeless," she said.
Homelessness Numbers in Different Countries
The Homeless World Cup of Scotland holds football games to help support efforts to reduce homelessness. The organization puts out reports about homelessness around the world:
In the Kenyan capital of Nairobi, 250,000 people do not have a place to stay. Many of them are children, and live on the streets.
In India, the homeless population is estimated at 78 million. Eleven million of that number are street children.
Indonesia's homeless population is 3 million, including 28,000 in the capital, Jakarta.
In Nigeria, the homeless population is estimated at 24 million. Homeless World Cup blames rapid urbanization and poverty for the high number. Also many people lost homes because of actions by Boko Haram militants, the group said.
In England, 112,070 people declared themselves homeless in 2013. That is a 26 percent increase from 2009.

|qzT,pc=P.udK~eM1

词汇解析

&0Vp.q(6eM=f~*J

1.urban development 城市开发

4)RIT^da=&c

The Minister said the Urban Development Corporation was now transforming the area.
部长声称城市开发公司如今正使该地区改头换面bmtr_HR^WxlE1uw.vV!D

eC%N=~cZ0V6ZF(f^

2.spread out 展开;铺开

,G[BukDSYBt7

The Kurds are spread out across five nations.
库尔德人散居在5个国家中3a6x*Zm;MF

I_HCRikdpj#xmw

3.live on 以...为食;靠...生活

c)K8#;GnPUPZ-3y#+P9

I live on my own in a studio flat.
我自己住在一个单间公寓里KApx-VPaBv.5

QUlEsqD8FHg,TSP=T6#w

4.life-and-death 生死攸关的

w=xqy-BV)b3T

We're dealing with a life-and-death situation here
我们正面临一个生死关头El*ojm1FN*gx[(6Z

内容解析

yVF_Q*Z)l@

1.At that time, it estimated the total at 100 million.

#QhQ,A|=t~*BeCRckp

At that time 当时;那时

+2vd|pjTGv

At that time we were students.
那会儿我们还是学生4-shLlET_iL|)
I cannot describe the feeling of contentment that was with me at that time.
我无法描述当时我满足的感觉YlXf&P-)xrAJaOy

H_.N8s=4yU6^9J_B

2.It said tens of thousands of them could become homeless as Iraqi forces continue work to take back Mosul from Islamic State militants.

(mt|uZUEgmi.

take back 拿回;撤销

e3Z@I|Hcg9FIIm|DknE

If I buy something and he doesn't like it I'll take it back.
要是我买的东西他不喜欢的话,我就会去退货dP!Dnx]_!0#Ei]#jf_v
I take it back, I think perhaps I am an extrovert.
我收回说过的话,我想也许我是外向型的人!*6uem52cCy7OZN

参考译文

,x!VH#G]9,|BxClg

美国流浪人数下降 全球流浪人数激增
美国流浪人数与一年前相比有所下降7ce[xBkqBm*B2z
流浪人数约55万,比2015年下降了3%左右r!cfoOkAE3b.z)J。美国住房和城市发展部公布了该数据ht*Cnv])aky
联合国宣布流浪人口逐渐“全球化”,随后该数据被公布VUO]iw7]2-(5。联合国在报告中呼吁全球在2030年根除无家可归问题cOAnbVGFQc,XbB-vC;o8
11年前,联合国曾对全球无家可归人数进行了统计3g!aA1v~E;q。当时的统计结果显示全球约1亿名无家可归者cjJ.RW_s49qD]rL_^Ql

Hp324hXuU;@(

全球无家可归的人猛增.jpg
联合国称,如今的流浪人口可能更多2MNstA^0p|Qvo;PB。据悉,仅无家可归的儿童就高达1亿h2&~r!R~Tikd]x*V=
摩苏尔之忧
近期,联合国儿童基金会对伊拉克摩苏尔市区及周边儿童的状况提出警告rgrmAlw-)[yB=U。该机构称,随着伊拉克政府军从伊斯兰国激进分子手中收复摩苏尔,数万名儿童或将流落街头Iq^vmnye)8C=
美国住房和城市发展部在报告中提到,一晚流浪人数的统计情况|1!ZpP-gL8um。2016年1月,上千名志愿者分散到美国各地,他们共统计出549,922名无家可归者,该数据比6年前下降了14%3EHkNOc,46Kz,X
但是,该机构报告称,洛杉矶、达拉斯、西雅图和华盛顿特区无家可归人数有所增加+D!1BNlCtLQ。当地官员称房价上涨是主要原因!oL~&9o(O|(N(Ev]
朱利安·卡斯特罗(Julian Castro)是美国住房与城市发展部部长s[KdiICn,kmDo41。他说,当前首要问题是为那些无家可归的人及其家人找一处容身之所ewH9@5;S9bQ_IE8yf
卡斯特罗表示,“每个人都该有个安稳和睦的家)03K-~vh-On)Er@)X;4。”
近年来,一项重大举措使老兵流浪人数大大降低=zhl61*VBw,
联合国:全球无家可归问题愈演愈烈
虽然美国的流浪者状况有了很大改善,但联合国官员表示,无家可归现已成为全球面临的一项挑战V.CqkO(olJr1Ri
联合国住房问题专家莉兰妮·法哈(Leilani Farha)表示,无家可归是一个攸关生死的问题TI98cuteWV
她说,“无家可归者的死亡率比正常人高2到10倍rC(0;g~=zz!2gq05EEMh
不同国家的流浪者人数
苏格兰举办无家可归者世界杯足球赛帮助减少无家可归的人bh5AZxoXOxrgwVQ。该组织发行了有关全球无家可归者的报告p#,6TxE2YrW
肯尼亚首都内罗毕约25万流浪者无家可归,其中多数为儿童,他们只能露宿街头G.MKn1s_%VF
印度无家可归的人口约7800万,其中流落街头的儿童约1100万Z6&|o]CxML4%.
印度尼西亚无家可归人数为300万,首都雅加达约2.8万人2US(9[A43GZerJtB
尼日利亚无家可归人数约2400万oLO_t6]DmF+,vEn=。无家可归世界杯将流浪者人数居高不下归咎于快速的城市化和贫穷(MRR!APo(6sYJv。该组织还表示,还有很多人因博科圣地武装分子的袭击而背井离乡Qg,|D%V;0iPI@x;41~
2013年,英格兰约112,070人称自己无处容身,这一数字比2009年增长了26%WQfB(TK1K0Y!pfs

~a=.7iR7y*Qj

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

nQ@%P8GMvodUkLdayI=PWe*OQ3G%V;S~lPY|!
分享到
重点单词
  • populationn. 人口 ,(全体)居民,人数
  • militaryadj. 军事的 n. 军队
  • countedvt. 计算;认为 vi. 计数;有价值 n. 计数;计
  • describevt. 描述,画(尤指几何图形),说成
  • urbanadj. 城市的,都市的
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • contentmentn. 满足,使人满足的事
  • dealingn. 经营方法,行为态度 (复数)dealings:商务
  • povertyn. 贫困,贫乏