Homeless Population Down in America, But 'Spreading' Worldwide
The number of people in the United States without a home is down from one year ago.
The total is nearly 550,000, about 3 percent lower than in 2015. The number comes from the Department of Housing and Urban Development.
The information comes after the United Nations (UN) reported that homelessness is "spreading" worldwide. The report called on governments around the world to end homelessness by 2030.
The UN last produced a study on the world's homeless population 11 years ago. At that time, it estimated the total at 100 million.
But the UN said the number is likely much higher today. It estimates 100 million children alone are now without a home.
Worried about Mosul
Recently, UNICEF, the UN's children's agency, warned about children living in and around the city of Mosul, Iraq. It said tens of thousands of them could become homeless as Iraqi forces continue work to take back Mosul from Islamic State militants.
In its report, the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development measured homelessness on a single night. In January, 2016, thousands of volunteers spread out across the country. They counted a total of 549,922 homeless individuals. That is down 14 percent from six years ago.
Still, the government agency reported increased homelessness in the cities of Los Angeles, Dallas, Seattle and Washington, D.C. Officials blamed the increase on higher housing prices.
Julian Castro is the Secretary of Housing and Urban Development. He said it is important that more be done to help people find a place to stay for themselves and their families.
"Every person deserves a safe, stable place to call home," Castro said.
In recent years, a major effort has lowered the number of homeless military veterans, he said.
UN: Problem Growing Across World
While Castro points to some progress in the United States, UN officials say homelessness is now a problem in all countries, rich and poor.
Leilani Farha, the top UN official on housing, said homelessness is an issue of life-and-death importance.
"The death rate among homeless people ranges from two to 10 times higher than for those who are not homeless," she said.
Homelessness Numbers in Different Countries
The Homeless World Cup of Scotland holds football games to help support efforts to reduce homelessness. The organization puts out reports about homelessness around the world:
In the Kenyan capital of Nairobi, 250,000 people do not have a place to stay. Many of them are children, and live on the streets.
In India, the homeless population is estimated at 78 million. Eleven million of that number are street children.
Indonesia's homeless population is 3 million, including 28,000 in the capital, Jakarta.
In Nigeria, the homeless population is estimated at 24 million. Homeless World Cup blames rapid urbanization and poverty for the high number. Also many people lost homes because of actions by Boko Haram militants, the group said.
In England, 112,070 people declared themselves homeless in 2013. That is a 26 percent increase from 2009.
1.urban development 城市开发
The Minister said the Urban Development Corporation was now transforming the area.
2.spread out 展开；铺开
The Kurds are spread out across five nations.
3.live on 以...为食；靠...生活
I live on my own in a studio flat.
We're dealing with a life-and-death situation here
1.At that time, it estimated the total at 100 million.
At that time 当时；那时
At that time we were students.
I cannot describe the feeling of contentment that was with me at that time.
2.It said tens of thousands of them could become homeless as Iraqi forces continue work to take back Mosul from Islamic State militants.
take back 拿回；撤销
If I buy something and he doesn't like it I'll take it back.
I take it back, I think perhaps I am an extrovert.
流浪人数约55万，比2015年下降了3%左右 。美国住房和城市发展部公布了该数据 。
联合国宣布流浪人口逐渐“全球化”，随后该数据被公布 。联合国在报告中呼吁全球在2030年根除无家可归问题 。
11年前，联合国曾对全球无家可归人数进行了统计 。当时的统计结果显示全球约1亿名无家可归者 。
联合国称，如今的流浪人口可能更多 。据悉，仅无家可归的儿童就高达1亿 。
近期，联合国儿童基金会对伊拉克摩苏尔市区及周边儿童的状况提出警告 。该机构称，随着伊拉克政府军从伊斯兰国激进分子手中收复摩苏尔，数万名儿童或将流落街头 。
美国住房和城市发展部在报告中提到，一晚流浪人数的统计情况 。2016年1月，上千名志愿者分散到美国各地，他们共统计出549,922名无家可归者，该数据比6年前下降了14% 。
但是，该机构报告称，洛杉矶、达拉斯、西雅图和华盛顿特区无家可归人数有所增加 。当地官员称房价上涨是主要原因 。
朱利安·卡斯特罗（Julian Castro）是美国住房与城市发展部部长 。他说，当前首要问题是为那些无家可归的人及其家人找一处容身之所 。
联合国住房问题专家莉兰妮·法哈（Leilani Farha）表示，无家可归是一个攸关生死的问题 。
苏格兰举办无家可归者世界杯足球赛帮助减少无家可归的人 。该组织发行了有关全球无家可归者的报告 。
尼日利亚无家可归人数约2400万 。无家可归世界杯将流浪者人数居高不下归咎于快速的城市化和贫穷 。该组织还表示，还有很多人因博科圣地武装分子的袭击而背井离乡 。