VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):脸书CEO否认"假新闻"干预美国大选
日期:2016-11-16 17:25

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Facebook CEO Denies False News Influenced US Election
Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg has denied that untrue stories appearing on the social media site affected the results of the American presidential election.
In a Facebook post, Zuckerberg said many people were questioning whether fake news had influenced the election results. He said he takes such questions seriously and that Facebook has a responsibility to try to prevent fake stories from spreading.
Last week, businessman Donald Trump became president-elect of the United States after defeating former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.
The voting was very close. Many opinion surveys in the days before the election had predicted that Clinton would win.
Zuckerberg said that, of all the stories and other content posted on Facebook, about "99 percent" of what people see is real. "Only a very small amount is fake news and hoaxes. The hoaxes that do exist are not limited to one partisan view, or even to politics," he said.
The Facebook founder said this makes it "extremely unlikely" that fake news stories changed the election results in one direction or the other.
But he added that he doesn't want such stories to appear on Facebook. "Our goal is to show people the content they will find most meaningful, and people want accurate news," he said.
Zuckerberg also commented on the issue while attending a technology conference last week in California. He said he found it "a pretty crazy idea" that people would be influenced by fake news on Facebook.
"Voters make decisions based on their lived experiences," he said. "You don't generally go wrong when you trust that people understand what they care about and what's important to them, and you build systems that reflect that."
In his post, Zuckerberg said Facebook depends a lot on users to identify and inform the company about fake stories appearing in users' News Feeds. He said the service is working on new ways to prevent untrue news from spreading, but admitted that "identifying the ‘truth' is complicated."
He explained that some stories are clearly false. But others get part of a story right, and then add wrong details or leave out important facts. "I believe we must be extremely cautious about becoming arbiters of truth ourselves," Zuckerberg said.
Recently, Facebook teamed up with members of the First Draft Coalition to come up with ways to prevent fake news. The coalition includes companies such as The New York Times, Twitter and the broadcaster CNN. The group was formed to answer the growing number of fake news stories on social media sites.
Facebook has said it uses an algorithm, not human beings, to choose its "trending news." An algorithm is a series of steps used to complete a computer process or solve a mathematical problem. This method has been questioned because many untrue stories are still getting published.
Media experts say much of the fake news is posted to generate advertising, while other stories are designed to influence political opinion.
Zuckerberg was asked whether Facebook could have predicted the election results based on its large amount of user data.
Hedid not answer the question directly. But he did say that no one should be surprised that Donald Trump had more followers on Facebook than Hillary Clinton. He said this is because Trump's posts got a lot more engagement – both support and opposition – from Facebook users.
Overall, Zuckerberg said he is pleased that Facebook was able to connect people with each other and with their candidates during the campaign. He noted that the company helped more than 2 million people register to vote, and helped users share billions of posts and comments about the election.
I'm Ashley Thompson.

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词汇解析

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1.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力e(81Iu2Z,tACfsu8jpX

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2.president-elect 总统当选人

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We have a new president-elect.
我们有了一个新当选的总统E38)0QQtloZ;qw)

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3.political opinion 政治观点

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A government should permit the free expression of political opinion.
政府应当允许自由发表政见yo0lP]f[([7]0odg;4

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4.go wrong 弄错;出毛病

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I know only too well that plans can easily go wrong.
计划很容易出岔子,我太清楚这点了X|3Hl~IY~)J

内容解析

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1.Recently, Facebook teamed up with members of the First Draft Coalition to come up with ways to prevent fake news.

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come up with 提出

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Several of the members have come up with suggestions of their own.
有几位成员提出了自己的建议[OSW)eaIvR4
If Warren can come up with the$ 15 million, we'll go to London.
如果沃伦能拿出那1500万美元,我们就去伦敦IFYm%ZV~Z7

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2.Recently, Facebook teamed up with members of the First Draft Coalition to come up with ways to prevent fake news.

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teamed up 合作;结对

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I knew he was a guy I wanted to team up with, no question.
我当时就知道他这个人我能与之长久合作共事,这一点毫无疑问QFf0F.W.iN)
He didn't want to team up with anybody.
他不想与任何人合作|Apr|^h9Ug0!(fQ

参考译文

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脸书CEO否认“假新闻”干预美国大选
脸书(Facebook)创始人马克·扎克伯格(Mark Zuckerberg)否认放任假新闻在社交网站传播影响了美国大选结果WWDfv9!KNkttxt7utN
扎克伯格在脸书上发文称,很多网友质疑假新闻是否影响了大选的结果@#sr_V&oLQyOS。他表示,他十分重视这类问题以及Facebook有责任阻止虚假新闻的传播a%J8s[.2[2t)

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脸书CEO否认“假新闻”干预美国大选.jpg
上周,商人唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)战胜前国务卿希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)当选美国总统nv)#h^sv1#nf6uj]#e1
二人的选票数量十分接近sI;%7393FVUbV。大选前几日的多项民意调查均显示,克林顿可能将入主白宫&iN%@SrU2@8v
扎克伯格强调,脸书上“99%”的信息和内容是真实的kDY5x7Idr4^R。“假新闻和不实内容非常少rb^EU-2(!0fcN.(=。不实内容的确存在,而且不局限于某一个党派,甚至不局限于政治议题”他说]-z7n*jO|X5Q5^oRC
脸书创始人表示,假新闻“不可能”从某个方向,或是另一个方向改变大选结果EZqKESeJciTg
然而,他补充说,不希望脸书平台上存在任何假新闻)g%RiljDhgKv[;jNnG。“我们的目标是向用户展示最有意义的内容,而用户也希望看到最准确的新闻1LM6R]y@f#g(6kP6。”
上周,扎克伯格参加州举行的科技技术大会时曾就此问题发表了看法QTFM%~L3-o(@T0。他觉得假新闻会影响选民的说法很荒谬d1CCUVtU97M1JbI)G
他说,“选民投票是以他们的生活经验为基准5r~.aD=9r0);。”“当民众明白自己关心什么,什么才是重要的,然后建立可以反映这一点的体系,那么他们做出的通常是正确的选择bw1ndV1D;2|。”
扎克伯格还在文中提到,脸书主要依赖用户识别并举报其他用户新闻提要中出现的虚假新闻lQCtn.9z@31&;w。他说,这项服务将增加新的功能阻止假新闻的传播,但他也承认,“辨别新闻真伪十分复杂]%V-GAvW&-MurkrDXPH。”
他进一步解释,有的假新闻很明显DlfAytcXzN-]pd(2f2b。但有的新闻所报道的内容是真实的,只是增添了虚假细节或删掉重要真相C;33F4X[bIjLuV。扎克伯格称,“我们在判断真伪时,务必要小心谨慎”Pa=VXG(t|B!Znaf_S8
最近,脸书与“初稿联盟”的成员合作推出阻止假新闻传播的方法C(N@cG%%IIHtJgg(4hW。联盟的成员包括《纽约时报》、Twitter和广播公司CNN等@,~UHGqgk|9。该联盟的成立正是对社交网站上假新闻层出不穷的反击dxk%(_xS,qD-^*&@m
脸书公司曾表示,他们通过一种算法而非人工方式来选择“热门新闻”SSM9brb9&e。算法是一系列用于完成计算机过程或解决数学问题的步骤9BV0*0uu~bZ]cZ3,yW(q。该算法因众多虚假新闻的传播倍受质疑6VzK7Jr8Wfh3P(a4+N
媒体专家认为,多数假新闻是为了植入广告,还有一些是为了影响政治舆论[X0y-=a^_0M[EQr
当扎克伯格被问及,脸书是否可以根据大量的用户数据来预测选举结果#KNNi6er^Pr@
他没有直接回答uKmnAfBgTQrD@]y。但他指出,大家都清楚特朗普在脸书上的粉丝比希拉里多0Jpsc0k(2.3。他说,因为特朗普的贴文回复量很高,有支持者也有反对者,ZAtkia08*ScM])B4
总之,扎克伯格称,他很高兴在竞选期间,脸书成为选民和候选人交流的媒介famo7;[ds3Y。他指出,脸书帮助超200万人注册选举,还分享了此次大选相关的数十亿篇内容与回复i6@clCsAUU.rIR
阿什利·汤普森为您播报8.oX1hR=vsItg

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • complicatedadj. 复杂的,难懂的 动词complicate的过去
  • campaignn. 运动,活动,战役,竞选运动 v. 从事运动,参加竞
  • extremelyadv. 极其,非常
  • affectedadj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做
  • engagementn. 婚约,订婚,约会,约定,交战,雇用,(机器零件等)
  • electionn. 选举
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • votingn. 投票 动词vote的现在分词形式
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • generatevt. 产生,发生,引起