VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球米价暴跌 泰国经济压力陡增
日期:2016-11-11 14:51

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Thai Rice Farmers Hurt by Dropping Prices
Rice farmers in Thailand are facing a large drop in income because of the drop in the price of rice throughout Asia.
At the same time, costs to grow the crop are increasing. Farmers are not sure who to ask for help. Many of them are struggling this year. Some of them may not even make enough money to pay their production costs.
Experts say the government's rice storage plan is a short-term answer. It is similar to a plan put in place by then-Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra. Because of the failure of that plan, the military ousted the prime minister and fined her over $1 billion.
Many Thai workers believe the government does not know how to manage the economy. They believe the government is more interested in controlling the country than in helping farmers.
About 40 percent of the Thai workforce has agricultural jobs.
Lung Chai is a rice farmer in Chiang Mai.
He says the situation has affected all farmers. He says he is losing money, but does not know who to talk to about it. "No one would hear our voice," he said.
Thailand faces strong competition for rice exports from India and Vietnam. This is partly because of lower pay in neighboring countries and large expected harvests this year.
A recent study paid for by the Bank of Thailand said Thai farmers should grow crops in addition to rice. It also said farmers should be trained to help predict market changes.
Singhachai Boonyayotin is a senior director of the Bank of Thailand.
He said Thailand should produce products other than white rice to compete with Vietnam and Cambodia.
Wachirajak Nin-khuntod wanted to help his father who is a rice farmer. He began packaging his crops and selling them on the internet as a way to increase income.
He said, "My parents didn't believe at first that I would be able to sell rice on social media, because most farmers believe we can sell rice to the middleman or rice mill company only."
Now, he says, his parents know that they can sell their own rice without a middleman.
I'm Phil Dierking.

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词汇解析

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1.At least 至少

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He's been away for at least a week.
他走了总有一个星期吧vX7e+Lj2;9!

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2.production cost 生产成本

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This significantly reduces the production cost per component.
这大大减少了每个元器件的生产成本VY];Cd!YHt(1n#8HuFg

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3.middleman 中间商

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We sell direct from the factory to the customer and cut out the middleman.
我们从工厂向顾客直接销售,绕过了中间商^I.1JW~QR;W

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4.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力qyTMul!D+RIi5[,M

内容解析

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1.At the same time, costs to grow the crop are increasing.

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At the same time 同时

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I was afraid of her, but at the same time I really liked her.
我害怕她,但同时也确实喜欢她XhRiv4(-6hRSqY
Are these people using gear and amphetamines at the same time?
这些人同时服用海洛因和安非他明吗?

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2.He said Thailand should produce products other than white rice to compete with Vietnam and Cambodia.

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compete with 与...竞争

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Kangaroos compete with sheep and cattle for sparse supplies of food and water
袋鼠与牛羊争夺稀少的食物和水[p~GRp#Twoy9=ew
We ask for a level playing field when we compete with foreign companies.
我们寻求一个能与外国公司公平竞争的环境Svy-qri+!!FJ!0f(m

参考译文

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全球米价暴跌 泰国经济压力陡增
因亚洲大米价格下跌,泰国米农的收入将大幅度减少I&tu%SkRQG
相反,种植农作物的成本却在不断上涨cdF0)++EEDS-B;Oy。农民们求助无门u=FW&ugMV3+QW。今年,很多农民的日子都不好过,甚至有的人连成本也捞不回来eq1e(0it!1Q
专家认为,泰国政府的大米存储计划只是一个短期的解决方案Bnq]R2CD!5&~HakS2UL。与当时英拉总理提出的方案类似ShK1eJkZ)3AxF,X。因该方案的失败,英拉被军方驱逐被并罚款超10亿美元hfLAzlbxwbdX

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泰国米价下跌.png
多半泰国工人认为,政府对经济管理一窍不通!LTMvxNEdpw9@。他们认为,比起帮助农民,政府对掌权国家更感兴趣Zy~VjF|U7,8#GB(4
泰国农业领域的劳动力约占40%TwB@fB;*uB0wFDGxW
Lung Chai是清迈市的米农gqJyX+7#i55Iwg
他说表示,所有农民都受到米价暴跌的影响LuMp4N+KC#NY。他的收入越来越少,却不知道向谁求助@l3iMT6YD!Hgk!。他说,“没人愿为我们做主APsf])SE%Mm。”
泰国大米出口面临印度和越南两个强有力的竞争对手!_R9%ZAd2Plx6TYqP0gC。部分原因是因为邻国的工资更低以及今年的收成十分可观6v+A+u+B9POCu;L6Sx7
由泰国银行出资进行的一项调查称,除水稻之外,泰国农民应该种植其它农作物D%LQ|eK=BSj。该调查还指出,政府应该对农民进行培训,方便农民预测市场变化-[.*]&AUh2Xg
Singhachai Boonyayotin是泰国银行的一位高级主管@%FV*_IX(lT&~JKs
他认为,泰国应该生产除精米以外的农作物来提高与越南和柬埔寨的竞争力z^tV8lM,Kn_X
Wachirajak Nin-khuntod的父亲是一位米农,他希望帮父亲一把bf57H;~+MrW@BZzYy。他把自家农作物包装好后在网上销售来增加收入*U6w|6ucFy26
他说,“起初,父母不相信我可以在网上卖大米,因为多数农民认为大米只能卖给中间商或者米厂_|AKqIByJlVB0
他说,现在父母知道了无需中间商就可以销售自家大米5vU|-9lx.7-xg
菲尔·迪尔金为您播报^WFUe]])b14uv3O,_E.

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • senioradj. 年长的,高级的,资深的,地位较高的 n. 年长
  • producen. 产品,农作物 vt. 生产,提出,引起,分娩,制片
  • cattlen. 牛,家畜,畜牲
  • competevi. 竞争,对抗,比赛
  • additionn. 增加,附加物,加法
  • primeadj. 最初的,首要的,最好的,典型的 n. 青春,壮
  • componentn. 元件,组件,成份 adj. 组成的,构成的
  • affectedadj. 受影响的,受感动的,受疾病侵袭的 adj. 做
  • milln. 磨坊,磨粉机,工厂 v. 碾碎,磨,(使)乱转
  • competitionn. 比赛,竞争,竞赛