VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):自拍视频能够改善英语发音
日期:2016-11-09 17:04

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Improve Your Pronunciation By Taking Selfie Videos
English learners can improve their pronunciation skills with training exercises used by singers. A smartphone with a camera can help, too.
These suggestions come from Michael Berman. He works in the Reading, English as a Second Language (ESL) and Linguistics Department at Montgomery College in the American state of Maryland.
Many students of a foreign language have trouble with word stress and intonation – raising and lowering the sound of your voice when you speak.
Michael Berman believes that such problems are not as serious as some people might think. Up to a third of his students, he says, have increased their ability to be understood by using two simple actions: slowing down and speaking up.
Common problem:
VOA Learning English's video series Let's Learn English tells about a situation that many English learners have probably experienced:
Anna: So, what's wrong? You look sad.
Pete: I don't have a job.
Anna: Sorry, I can't hear you.
Pete: I do not have a job.
In the video, Anna asks Pete to repeat his sentence because she did not understand him.
And like many English learners, pronouncing words correctly is not Pete's problem.
The reason Anna does not understand Pete is because he is not speaking loudly.
In Pete's case, he is not raising his voice because he is sad about not having a job.
For some English learners, the problem of speaking softly is that the speaker appears to be showing weakness, says Berman. English learners may want to hide their mistakes by speaking quickly or softly. Or, Berman adds, they are bringing customs from their native language.
Whatever the reason, the result is this: English learners might not be understandable to a native speaker.
Berman says there are several different ways to successfully deal with these problems.
Tip #1 Use strategies that come from vocal music training
The first is simple: focus on the speed and volume levels of one's voice.
By thinking about slowing down and speaking louder, you can slowly change your speech over time.
In addition to thinking about how you speak, you can also use strategies from the music industry. In voice training, Berman says, singers will often train by opening their mouth wider than they usually do. This enables them to get a better tone and a better pitch when they perform.
Singers will often imagine their voice coming up on a string to a target 3 to 5 meters away. When English learners imagine their voices hitting a target at a distance, Berman says, they often improve their ability to speak louder.
Tip #2 Use Selfie Videos
In an earlier Education story, we discussed the value of self-testing.
Educational consultant Sarah Lynn said that testing yourself often is one of the best ways to learn. Lynn teaches at Harvard University's Bridge Program in Massachusetts.
So, how can you take this idea and use it to improve your pronunciation?
One way is by taking a selfie video, says Michael Berman.
All you need to do is place the electronic device 1-2 meters from where you stand. Then, record yourself speaking.
When you listen back to the recording, you can get valuable information about how you sound when you speak. You can share the videos with friends or your teachers. They can give you advice, too.
The value of this practice, adds Berman, increases because young people – often called "millennials – place a high value on the idea of posting videos on social media.
When millennials know their video will appear on social media, he explains, they are likely to repeat the performance many times before filming. "If you're talking about English intelligibility issues, that kind of repetition and practice and focus is amazing", Berman says.
So, give the vocal music and selfie video tips a try, and let us know how they work for you!
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.speak up 大声讲话

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If you thought that wasn't fair, why didn't you speak up?
如果你认为那不公平,为什么不说出口?

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2.slow down 放缓

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You will need to slow down for a while.
你需要放松一段时间wPCoAAUc(-

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3.native speaker 说母语的人

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Maybe you could make friends with a native speaker of english.
也许你可以和说英语的人交朋友S]APiSe]ne

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4.self-testing 自我测试

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When it comes to memory retrieval, self-testing can be beneficial.
当涉及到记忆检索时,自我测试可以是有益的WLQT=dzKVfbdww1+_

内容解析

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1.Berman says there are several different ways to successfully deal with these problems.

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deal with 处理

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He's a hard man to deal with.
要跟他这个人做生意很难reSTa9j)B7op(
They have not finalized the deal with the government.
他们还没有和政府达成最终交易e[qSf&8O|u]

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2.When millennials know their video will appear on social media, he explains, they are likely to repeat the performance many times before filming.

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social media 社交媒体

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Look at how social media and social networking have permeated business.
再看看社会媒体和社交网络是如何渗透进企业中的WvWt]i|IbE&I@.1
We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力aZjHEjbCq*

参考译文

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自拍视频能够改善英语发音
英语学习者可通过歌手常用的训练方法来提升发音技巧sJBi39ztW6Y2CyGbXK-。带有相机功能的智能手机也可以做到^&D|f7LG8K~9Lnk
以上建议出自迈克尔·伯曼(Michael Berman)I#9CM[#5H.。他在美国马里兰州蒙哥马利学院阅读、英语第二语言和语言学系任职]o_|H2w!D3xZaWS
很多外语学生经常遇到单词重音和语调的问题,即说话时声调的高低f~2Cu*Kvwi#h+D)W
伯曼认为,这种问题没有人们想象的那么严重Jfg#Mup2Q.H|R_Y03P。他说,班上三分之一的学生通过放慢语速和大声讲话这两种方法提高了自我表达能力Z]UPjJtVWhOVbC@Yw

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自拍视频能够改善英语发音.jpg
常见问题:
美国之音英语学习视频系列栏目 Let's Learn English提及多数英语学习者都经历过的一种情形:
安娜:怎么啦?你看上去有点沮丧@dLlsKlv91Wd1C^)
皮特:我没有工作R[b8)*@nEoObHRnk&-#3
安娜:抱歉,我听不清楚LIMNMMagN4^P2g
皮特:我说我没有工作k.yFFfmVCf1(gR@Q
视频中,安娜因为没听明白,所以让皮特再重复一次X-ldax=hr)6c9Owl
和众多英语学习者一样,皮特的问题也并非发音问题CyKNu|q-omK
安娜之所以没听清楚是因为皮特声音太小A#D%DGXFtC~
而皮特声音小是因为对没工作感到沮丧,biu+ijBDU]9CA!5
伯曼称,对一些英语学习者来说,轻声说话意味着露怯URuRcrhonUR(Y;aa.n&。英语学习者可能是想通过快速或低声来隐藏自己的错误XAH0Gc2%Vz3G#。或者他们说英语时带有母语的习惯x_wtNR5-p|%[ak90
无论原因是什么,结果都是英语学习者的英语难以被当地人理解SL1biRuDnp@Nn
伯曼表示,解决这些问题有几种不同的方式^[wjS_|%S,u#C;xD|sB
建议1 采取声乐训练的策略
首先很简单:要注意说话的语速和音量.v%t,vz]k#qOsm|
时刻记着放慢语速和大声说话,长此以往你就会逐渐改变自己的语速kt!9K;D^Ko*Rzr
除了想着如何说话,你还可以采用音乐行业的策略rtO.z)xB8a=|xC&7Y4D。伯曼表示,在声乐训练中,歌手经常被要求将嘴巴张大,这样能保证在表演时发挥更佳的声调和音高;Usp5;8;VMxS#;E0fm3
歌手常会想象将声音朝着至三五米开外的目标发射LQOQ5=N_,(35。当英语学习者想象自己的声音击中远处的目标时,他们就可以提高大声说话的能力E|JTqJpj*F
建议2 使用自拍视频
在早前的教育新闻中,我们曾谈及自我测试的价值YO-NG[Dh7+V1-]
教育顾问萨拉·林恩(Sarah Lynn)表示,经常自我测试是最佳的学习途径之一j2y9Aw*AJ_ijLv。林恩在哈佛大学教授衔接课程pc1=d0@Z#P
如何才能通过自我测试的方式改善发音呢?
伯曼认为,自拍视频就是一种途径.s&=]!IUu4gY4
你需要把电子设备放在一两米之外的地方o2b_Q#GqXFKS。然后记录下自己说话的声音+u!o5#16G[d-+j
当播放视频时,你就能总结出一些说话时如何发音的有用信息TiZEAoDRFV&%Jb;。你可以将视频分享给朋友或老师,他们也会给你一些建议wvP2U0fu#NjW
伯曼还说,年轻人(千禧一代)很重视在社交媒体上发布视频,因此这一做法的价值还在不断提升QCrwN6jo4H^t
伯曼解释称,当年轻人知道视频将发布在社交媒体上时,他们很可能会在录制前重复练习9&~)J*fd%[=q]BnWWs。伯曼说,“说到英语的清晰度的问题,这种重复并专注练习的效果是很惊人的%y@38Dh&OF7Gs!g7S。”
因此,尝试一下声乐和自拍视频这两条建议,告诉我们效果如何吧+3~PI(ILI=(E#Ozr
约翰·罗塞尔为您播报uF_|UvErEdZI-

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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