VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):秋季之美不仅在于红蓝色
日期:2016-11-06 01:13

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Americans often identify the two major political parties by the colors red and blue. The practice began with the 2000 election. Media organizations liked the idea because it made easy use of voting maps. It helped show the winner of each state as the results came in.
The Democratic Party is blue. The Republican Party is red.
For the last 16 years, there has been a lot of talk about red states and blue states. Since elections take place in autumn, red and blue have become fall colors.
But this time of year, people on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter are also talking about true fall colors – like those found in nature.
The colors are orange, yellow, red, and brown. Why?
Huge numbers of trees change color in the late fall in the U.S. Their leaves go from green to shades of orange, red, brown and yellow.
A chemical called chlorophyll is responsible. Chlorophyll helps trees make sugar from sunlight. This feeds the tree and keeps the leaves green.
But, as sunlight decreases in the fall, the trees produce less chlorophyll. This is when the leaves show what some people call their true colors.
The website SmokyMountains.com has a Fall Foliage Map. It predicts when people will see the best fall colors.
The best time to see the colorful leaves, also known as foliage, was in mid-October, but some areas in the U.S. still have colorful trees.
Twitter user, Chris Duncan shared a photo he took earlier this week in Washington, D.C. It shows a bright red tree and the Lincoln Memorial and Washington Monument.
One person shared a photo taken high above the Virginia Tech campus, a university in southwest Virginia.
Inga Sarda-Sorensen is a photographer in New York City. She posted some stunning photos of Central Park.
But you do not have to be in the U.S. to see the color change.
Ewan Gunn posted a photo from Scotland showing the Craigellachie Bridge with beautiful green, orange and yellow leaves in the background.
And that's What's Trending Today.

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词汇解析

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1.identify 识别,鉴定,辨认出

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There are a number of distinguishing characteristics by which you can identify a Hollywood epic.
通过其诸多与众不同的特点,你可以识别出好莱坞的史诗影片hp6Mud9Up0UK*MgG

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2.fall 秋季(美式英语表达方式)

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Fall is the season between summer and winter when the weather becomes cooler.

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秋季在夏季和冬季之间,天气开始变冷Xnbi*qFR6+FI-7

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3.chlorophyll 叶绿素

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The chlorophyll in wheatgrass also helps to purify the liver.
麦草中的叶绿素同样可以帮助净化肝脏GLZ%PQu@edcOP^MUB~

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4.stunning 极美的,极好的

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She was 55 and still a stunning woman.
她55岁,仍是个极美的女人3%k=bbHnto

内容解析

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1.Media organizations liked the idea because it made easy use of voting maps.

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make use of... 使用……,利用……

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You should make use of your time to do meaningful things.

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你应该利用时间去做有意义的事情5_xSnH9aB,o

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This article provided some descriptions of the API, along with some sample code to illustrate how to make use of them.
这篇文章提供了应用程序编程接口的一些描述以及一些样本代码来阐明如何使用他们O3cvuyum&EGOQWExy|@

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2.The practice began with the 2000 election.

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begin with... 以……开始

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The concert began with the National Anthem.
音乐会以国歌开始L#Xn%Ry7i#rv
The English alphabet begins with A.
英语字母表的第一个字母是AIBvEj-m%w9,J=!!q

参考译文

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美国人通常分别以蓝色和红色区分民主党和共和党这两个政治党派TNrT9@C=B8ceZUQ。这种做法自2000年总统大选以来延续至今(8v2SCaALGx,%u62=D。许多媒体十分钟爱这种辨别方式,因为这样就可以轻松利用投票地图b|gA0u+fBZrnq,=。随着每个州票选结果的公布,就从投票地图上看出每个州的获胜者是谁9(h.qjLzui
民主党以蓝色表示XM&u-hBh=~PF&utH。共和党以红色表示MWE-gNFQKUQ
16年来,人们对各州红色和蓝色之分讨论不休4yxx8[|#pMbjw+。而自今年的大选从秋季开始以来,红色和蓝色已经成为秋季代言色a7vc[;iFaAZ2rP!tNuL
但今年的秋季,在脸书、推特等社交媒体上,网友们也在讨论秋季真实的颜色——比如大自然固有的多彩颜色lr_4+m9.LzmrPcuX
这些颜色有:橘色、黄色、红色、棕色V;*gv|5s]SI。为什么呢?
因为美国深秋到来时,大量树木会改变颜色0TIC4,NRsHxof,fAIUA。它们的叶子会从绿色逐渐趋向橘色、红色、棕色和黄色;SMk-PN4Q~cKzAf&F!(dgTY]N3f

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这其中有一种名为叶绿素的化学物质起了作用Ca]*s-_C.nY3#pL_。有了阳光,叶绿素就能帮助树木制造糖分j%j0%=@g@kT.G2。这个过程可以补给树木,让叶子常青Qo-rpirX3w*
但随着秋季日照亮的减少,很多树木叶绿素的含量也随之减少~orG]2BWZe&。这个时候,树木就会展示出人们口中所谓的多种真实颜色wqjLnIPv[0Ap01j)F
在网站SmokyMountains.com上有一个秋季树叶地图(Fall Foliage Map)功能@1+I@R;ECLPC.RCLdI[。这个功能能预测何时能见证树叶在秋季最好的多种颜色i&VtjKQ-&C
见证五彩树叶的最好时机(亦称foliage/树叶)是十月中旬,但美国的一些地区依然有五彩树木q.E&Py9Gqf8lzx4*CCzF
本周,一位名为克里斯的华盛顿推特用户分享了一张他拍摄的照片,这张照片上,一棵亮红色的树与林肯纪念碑以及华盛顿纪念碑伫立在一起LGrHc^1&[E~.;
还有一名网友分享了他在弗吉尼亚理工学院(美国弗吉尼亚州西南部的一所大学)校园上空拍摄的一张照片rol6e@;yy;OE~L
因加是纽约市的一名摄影师.8M;*^X8TRWUr,#gC。她为纽约中央公园拍摄过一些超赞的照片B&cw*iOdcR8gdm]
但这些色彩变化的景象在美国之外也可以看到tgP1Y|QmU6~Hpln^dkuv
苏格兰网友尤恩就上传了一张克拉雷齐桥(Craigellachie bridge)的照片,照片的背景满是绿色、橘色、黄色的树叶,十分美丽uQ&gar;9*VJ
以上就是今天的《今日热点》节目P7D.Ub*8t;7~

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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