VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):土耳其逮捕停职大批教师
日期:2016-11-05 12:07

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Educators in Turkey are at the center of a government campaign against Kurdish rebels.
More than 12,000 teachers have been suspended for suspected ties to the Kurdish Worker's Party, or PKK.
The campaign has affected schools in Diyarbakir, a city with a large Kurdish population. Almost one-fourth of its 17,000 teachers are suspended.
The teachers are accused of supporting terrorism because they took part in a strike last year. The strikers called for an end to fighting between the PKK and the Turkish government.
Saliha Zorlu is a leader of Diyarbakir's educator's union. She says that she believes there is a larger plan behind the government's crackdown.
Her union, she explains, supports secularism in education and in Turkish society in general. Secularism is the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.
If the union is not active, she says, the education system will change into a religious one.
"We are already seeing signs of this today," Zorlu adds. "During the attack on us, we saw that imams were appointed to state-run dormitories."
Dormitories are the buildings where students live.
Traditionally, Kurds in Turkey are religious conservatives. Religious groups that support the government have recently increased their activities in Kurdish areas. These activities include supporting calls for the region's return to its Islamic roots.
Religious activities are seen as an opposition to the secular PKK.
Like the rest of Turkey, there has been an expansion of religious schooling in the Kurdish region.
The government insists that the teacher's suspensions are about fighting terrorism.
The head of the ruling AKP party in Diyarbakir, Muhammad Akar, said, "In the upcoming days, those who made propaganda for the terror organization, who boycotted schools and who encouraged students to join the terrorists, will be separated from the innocent teachers."
He added "I can say that a significant percentage will be reinstated to their duties, and the others, those who are guilty, will be charged."
The arrests and suspensions of teachers are continuing to fuel anger and protests.
Idris Baluken, a parliamentary group leader of the pro-Kurdish party HDP, warns the suspensions are increasing tensions in the area.
The conflict between Turkey and the PKK appears to have a new front line: education. Children and teachers seem likely to be caught in the crossfire.

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词汇解析

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1.boycott 联合抵制,拒绝参加

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The main opposition parties are boycotting the elections.
主要的反对党派正在联合抵制选举fmMKA5%tdd4alxHw~ub

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2.propaganda 宣传

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The party adopted an aggressive propaganda campaign against its rivals.
该党采用了一场对抗其对手的咄咄逼人的宣传运动qya|GL+xF+.8zg-

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3.reinstate 恢复,复原,复职

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The governor is said to have agreed to reinstate five senior workers who were dismissed.
据说州长已经同意让被解雇的5位高级工人复职;^+^mC!l8ONS;sGixGd

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4.fuel 加剧,助长,给……加燃料

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The result will inevitably fuel speculation about the prime minister's future.
该结果将不可避免地加剧人们对首相前途的猜测6+H1Oh2@ADb][gQ07i

内容解析

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1.In the upcoming days, those who made propaganda for the terror organization, who boycotted schools and who encouraged students to join the terrorists, will be separated from the innocent teachers.

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be separated from... 与……隔离

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Healthy people must be separated fromthose who have been affected.

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健康人群应与已感染人群隔离开来Cb(L0)HsyF2NS~=V7
When you have multiple statements in an SQL script, each statement must be separated from the one that follows by a statement terminator.
如果 SQL 脚本中有多个语句,那么每一个语句都必须用一个语句结束符与前一个语句隔开m]E#XQB!#z3z611][D1

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2.Secularism is the belief that religion should not have a strong influence in education or other public parts of society.

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influence in... 对……的影响

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And now Russia wants to regain influence in its backyard.
现在俄罗斯想要恢复其在后院的影响力&7;q7gM)0mpF-ve#f+uB
These organisations exert great influence in public life. But we have no means of discovering on whose behalf they do it.
这些组织在公共生活中发挥着巨大的影响,我们却没办法发现它们代表着谁的利益qZ,ng3aN%2s)i

参考译文

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土耳其的教育工作者成了中央政府此番肃清库尔德反叛分子的靶子&3h;yKbr&e~iK@Et
目前为止,已有12000名教师由于涉嫌与库尔德工人党(PPK)有关联而被停职Z(_e*QO+8P
此番行动影响了迪亚巴克尔(有大量库尔德人口的土耳其东南部城市)的诸多院校a*o4osDMk7gQ。在受波及的17000名教师中,有1/4被停职c(x17_4|60FjsZVN
这些教师被控支持恐怖主义,因为他们参与了去年的罢工Hb6U)#kRqV|7wT@c。当时罢工者要求停止库尔德工人党与土耳其政府之间的斗争=!nX-(FW|a
Saliha Zorlu是迪亚巴克尔教育家联盟的领导人,f#wOPY-Iv。她表示,她认为政府此番打压的背后另有更大的计划~Q[-SXZRPbxsoLD
Saliha说,她所在的教育家联盟总体上支持教育事业和土耳其社会实行宗教与教育分离论A@7R]&(x0J1B#+cgN。所谓宗教与教育分离论就是宗教不应过度影响教育或社会的其他公共领域grLd0ZgP^|S71Yx20tA

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她说,如果该联盟不积极活跃的话,那么教育体系就成了宗教体系vQyG,vbRySn^60jZ]_
Saliha还表示“我们已经能从今天发生的事情看出端倪zLNJ_ZE6MWM+Dt-ci。在对教育工作者的这场打压中,我们看到伊玛目被指派到了国有宿舍中”xDAuM79q1ULbi(3F0
这些宿舍里住的都是学生!)~ml[Bhxo6q_Li1.9+
本来土耳其的库尔德人都是宗教保守主义者SiGSX%9=z%51vx。但最近支持土耳其政府的很多宗教团体增加了他们在库尔德诸多地区的活动2n9)[jN57sQpI5Q)!。这些活动包括呼吁该地区皈依伊斯兰教的根上去y=Gq~hbfc@
这些宗教团体的活动被支持宗教与教育分离论的库尔德工人党视为异己HsDzBiGaMMgY
跟土耳其的其他地方一样,库尔德地区近来也有宗教学校教育现象的扩张g+Mx[|.n|toH~E^sIBp
对于此番教师解职和停职一事,土耳其政府坚称是出于打击恐怖主义的目的H=(aE*#cB0!l;7n(R|+2
土耳其正发党(AKP)领袖穆罕默德在迪亚巴克尔发表讲话称,“在接下来的日子里,凡是为恐怖组织做宣传的人,凡是抵制孩子上学并怂恿孩子加入恐怖主义的人,都将与无辜正派的教师隔离开来”OTJDgJGy.ZLZ|
穆罕默德补充说道,“我向大家保证,有很大一部分教师将得到复职,而其他有罪的教师将遭到指控”aN0xPtS%-0NAkT|Msu
本次针对教师的大范围逮捕和停职行动仍在激起民愤和抗议1NF^3*R9TeTXT
库尔德人民民主党(HDP)一位名为伊德里斯的议会团体领袖警告称,大范围停职将使得库尔德地区的态势更加紧张NsbZp1Q!e9FBMog-v;m
土耳其政府与库尔德工人党之间的冲突似乎有了新的落脚点:教育od0.Dm(S]YDn,t#pkKfh。而孩子们和老师们似乎成了无辜的受害者=Nv-O9|4Ub(

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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