What Are the FBI and Department of Justice?
The reopening of an FBI investigation into Hillary Clinton's email has raised questions about whether the action could influence the U.S. presidential election.
Last week, FBI Director James Comey announced the agency was reviewing a new set of emails recently discovered. The emails could be important to an investigation into Clinton's email practices that was closed earlier this year. Hillary Clinton is the Democratic candidate for president.
The FBI director reportedly acted on his own to announce the reopened investigation, after being warned by officials at the U.S. Department of Justice not to. The officials reportedly told Comey that informing Congress about the new material was not in line with department policy.
The incident raises questions about the relationship between the Justice Department and FBI, and how the two agencies cooperate. The FBI generally conducts investigations for the Justice Department, which is responsible for enforcing the laws and administering justice.
Beginnings in 1908
The FBI is an agency based in Washington D.C. It was started in 1908 by the head of the U.S. Department of Justice at the time, Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte.
The bureau began as a special investigative force of the Justice Department with fewer than 35 employees. Today, it remains one of many agencies coming under the Department of Justice.
It is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community, a grouping of 16 agencies. These agencies work separately and together on intelligence activities related to U.S. foreign relations and national security.
The FBI investigates specific crimes assigned to its agents. It also provides other law enforcement agencies with fingerprint identification services, laboratory examinations, and training.
The U.S. president appoints a director for the agency. Barack Obama appointed James Comey in 2013. The appointment takes effect if the U.S. Senate confirms it. FBI directors can serve as long as ten years, but no longer.
The FBI website describes the bureau as "an intelligence-driven and threat-focused national security organization with both intelligence and law enforcement responsibilities." Its mission is to "protect the American people and uphold the United States Constitution."
The FBI has 56 locations in major U.S. cities, as well as more than 60 offices around the world. It employs nearly 35,000 people. This includes special agents, intelligence experts, language specialists, scientists and information technology specialists.
DOJ launched in 1870
An act of Congress created the Department of Justice in 1870. The Attorney General heads the agency. At the time, the government faced increasing legal cases brought against the United States.
The Department of Justice website says the main goal of the agency is to "enforce the law and defend the interest of the United States according to the law."
Loretta Lynch currently leads the Justice Department. She took office in 2015 after President Obama nominated her and the Senate confirmed the nomination.
FBI Director Comey reports to Lynch. Comey also has experience at the Department of Justice, where he served as deputy attorney general from 2003-2005.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.intelligence expert 情报专家
As a former intelligence expert he had information about enemy ciphers.
2.federal government 联邦政府
He proposes that businesses should pay taxes to the federal government.
3.presidential election 总统大选
A presidential election was scheduled for last December
4.law enforcement 执法；执法机关
Both sides will strengthen cooperation in judicial and law enforcement.
1.The officials reportedly told Comey that informing Congress about the new material was not in line with department policy.
in line with 与...保持一致
The new proposal is in line with our general line.
Place your right toe in line with your left heel.
2.The FBI has 56 locations in major U.S. cities, as well as more than 60 offices around the world.
as well as 也；和...一样
They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
Freud postulated that we all have a death instinct as well as a life instinct.
美国联邦调查局重启对希拉里·克林顿（Hillary Clinton）的电子邮件调查，民众担心此举是否会影响美国总统的选举 。
上周，联邦调查局局长詹姆斯·科米(James Comey)宣布正在对新发现的一系列电子邮件进行检查 。这些电子邮件可能对年初结结案的希拉里“邮件门”调查十分重要 。希拉里是民主党总统候选人 。
据悉，联邦调查局局长科米无视司法部警告自作主张擅自宣布重启调查 。有报道称，司法部官员告诉科米，向国会提交这些邮件不符合规定 。
人们因此纷纷质疑司法部与联邦调查局之间的关系以及两家机构分工 。联邦调查局一般为司法部进行调查，司法部负责执法和司法 。
联邦调查局总部位于华盛顿特区 。1908年，时任美国司法部部长，即总检察长查尔斯·波拿巴特（Charles J. Bonaparte）创办了该机构 。
联邦调查局作为司法部特别调查机构，起初只有不到35名员工 。如今，它仍然是司法部下属的众多机构之一 。
它还是16家机构组成的美国情报部门的其中一员 。这些机构单独或共同进行涉及美国外交关系及国家安全有关的情报活动 。
联邦调查局将犯罪个案分配给探员 。它还向其它执法机构提供指纹识别、实验室检查以及培训等服务 。
联邦调查局局长由美国总统任命 。2013年，奥巴马总统任命了科米 。该任命需经美国参议院批准后方能生效 。联邦调查局局长任期最长可达10年 。
联邦调查局网站的介绍为“一家以情报为主导、以威胁为着眼点的国家安全组织，兼具情报和执法责任 。”其使命就是“保卫美国人民，坚决维护美国宪法 。”
联邦调查局在美国重大城市设有56个外勤地点，在全球设有60多个办事处 。该机构的雇员约有3.5万人，包括特工、情报专家、语言专家、科学家以及信息技术专家 。
1870年，司法部因国会的一部法令诞生，该部门由总检察长掌管 。当时的美国政府面临着越来越多反对美国的司法案件 。
目前，司法部由洛蕾塔·林奇(Loretta Lynch)领导，2015年，她获得奥巴马提名并得到参议院一致认可 。
联邦调查局局长科米需要向林奇汇报工作 。科米也曾在司法部任职，2003年至2005年，他担任副总检察长一职 。