Program Helps Lift American Families Out of Poverty
A program designed to help families escape poverty in the American state of Georgia is serving as a model for other parts of the United States.
The program is a partnership between private donors and the city government in Atlanta, Georgia's capital.
Today, the East Lake neighborhood of Atlanta is a nice place to live. But 20 years ago the neighborhood was unsafe and looked unappealing.
Recently, VOA reporter Chris Simkins visited East Lake and spoke with Daniel Shoy, the president of the East Lake Foundation. The foundation was set up to help people in the community.
"More than 20 years ago this was the home to East Lake Meadows, which was one of the nation's most violent housing developments, and today is probably one of the most promising."
The city and private charities are spending $150 million to help poor families escape poverty.
Carol Naughton works for a non-profit group called Purpose Built Communities. It works with local leaders to help improve communities.
"The absolute idea of income inequality is part of the problem, but the lack of social mobility is just as big a problem. If people in America don't feel like they have a reasonable shot at working and earning a better life and creating a better opportunity for their children, I think our democracy is threatened at its very core."
East Lake Village is home to about 2,100 people. Only low or middle-income individuals are permitted to live there. The housing development has banks, a grocery store and other businesses usually found in higher income neighborhoods.
Young people in East Lake are given help with their education so they can go to college and get a good job.
Twenty years ago, an average family of four in this neighborhood struggled to earn $4,500 a year. Shoy says the average income is now about $20,000.
"There was only 14 percent employment in this community. Now we see a hundred percent employment for the families that we work with who are living in the subsidized units. We've seen a dramatic increase in annual household income."
Michelle Campbell and her family have experienced success since they moved to East Lake in 2013. Campbell helps operate the housing development. She is building wealth and will soon buy her first home.
"This type of program encourage(s) self-sufficiency. It is a move-to-work program, so the residents are required to work 30 hours or more in order to be on the program. And the goal is geared to them getting off the program, finding a home, getting into a better position financially."
East Lake leaders say its success can be a model for what is possible when people come together to end poverty.
I'm Caty Weaver.
1.serving as 担任
You will reside there, serving as the building superintendent.
2.set up 建立
They set up a working party to look into the issue.
This non-profit project to provide a prerequisite for operating capital.
4.income inequality 收入不均
Mexican and Korean voters are unhappy about income inequality and corruption.
1.East Lake Village is home to about 2,100 people. Only low or middle-income individuals are permitted to live there.
Plenty of middle-income countries have failed.
For example, most cities in low-and middle-income countries do not have sewers.
2.It is a move-to-work program, so the residents are required to work 30 hours or more in order to be on the program.
in order to 为了
In order to ensure success we must have a complete and thorough plan.
In order to transform their environment, he drew up the project with painstaking accuracy.
如今，亚特兰大东湖区周边是个宜居的地方 。然而20年前，这里很不安全也毫无吸引力 。
近日，“美国之声”记者克里斯·西姆金斯（Chris Simkins）前往东湖区参观并采访了“东湖基金会”主席丹尼尔·肖伊（Daniel Shoy） 。成立该基金目的在于帮助社区居民 。
卡罗尔·诺顿（Carol Naughton）是非营利机构“Purpose Built Communities”的工作人员 。该机构与当地政府合作改善社区环境 。
“当然，收入差距是问题之一，但缺乏社会流动性也不可小觑 。如果美国人在努力工作、创造舒适生活以及为孩子创造优越环境方面缺乏明确目标，那么民主制度的精髓就受到威胁 。”东湖村现有约2100名居民 。只有中低收入者才可以居住在此 。
该住宅区拥有银行、商店以及只能在高收入社区里才看的到的商业建设 。这里的年轻人有教育资金援助，因此他们能够上大学、找一份好工作 。20年前，该住宅区一户普通的四口之家一年才勉强得到4500美元的收入 。肖伊称，现在这里居民的平均收入达到了约20000美元 。“以前这里的就业率只有14% 。而现在住在补助房的贫困家庭就业率也达到了100% 。我们发现，这里的家庭年收入急剧增长 。”
2013年，搬到东湖区的米歇尔·坎贝尔（Michelle Campbel）一家就经历了这一巨变 。坎贝尔帮助经营此住宅区 。她逐渐开始积累财富，很快购置了自己的第一套房子 。“这一项目鼓励人们自给自足 。
这是一种将动机转换为工作的项目，为了落实这一项目，居民需工作30多个小时 。目的就是让他们摆脱这一项目、寻一处安身之所并逐渐改善经济状况 。”东湖区政府高层表示，此处的成功堪称人们团结一致脱贫的典范 。