VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):智能设备成为学生作弊神器
日期:2016-10-28 15:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Smart Devices Give Students New Ways to Cheat
Teachers have always had to deal with cheating students. But in today's high-tech world, new devices are making it much easier for students to cheat.
Recent studies have shown that most teenagers in the United States now have access to smartphones. Experts say much of the cheating is done with the help of smartphones.
Smart Cheating
Nile Nickel is a technology and social media expert. He says many students put information into their mobile phones to cheat on tests. They can then hide their cheating by using other devices to view the information.
"We also have things like Google Glass, as well as smart contact lenses that have the ability to capture video and transmit it to a remote site."
Earlier this year, officials caught several Thai students cheating this way during exams to get into a top medical school.
"What they were doing was looking at the test with their glasses on," Nickel said. "It was capturing the exam questions, transmitting them to some associates outside the classroom."
He added that some students even have smartwatches that only show information if they are viewed with special glasses.
Some phones also have a very low ring sound that can only be heard by younger people, according to Nickel.
Who is cheating?
Denise Pope is a learning expert at Stanford University in California. She said some of the students are not the ones you think would cheat.
"These are kids who are doing well in school, and they are still cheating because they need to keep up their grades. They feel the pressure to maintain a really high grade point average."
Pope also co-created the organization Challenge Success. It provides schools and families with tools to help children become more involved and have a more balanced educational experience.
She says improving the learning and testing process can help cut down on cheating.
"Instead of trying to chase this problem, to get out in front of it. And what I mean by that is to create assignments where it's almost impossible to cheat."
Anti-cheating tools
As an example, she said teachers can ask students to turn in progress of their work and projects before it is complete. Teachers can be sure the material is the student's work and can provide suggestions.
Pope added that changing the way tests are structured can prevent cheating. She says the best tests require students to write their answers instead of choosing from a list of choices.
Many schools already have barred students from taking smartphones into testing rooms. Others are experimenting with looking for radio signals or other methods to discover hidden devices used to cheat.
But Pope said one of the most important ways to help stop cheating is to get teachers, students and parents to talk openly about it. She says this can help students better understand the reasons for holding themselves to a high standard of honesty.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.deal with 处理;应付

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She saw a psychiatrist who used hypnotism to help her deal with her fear.
她去看了一位用催眠术帮她克服恐惧感的精神科医生DOz5sAt2n;ykMuh+nI)X

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2.access to 接近;靠近

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They now have access to the mass markets of Japan and the UK.
他们现在进入了日本和英国的大众市场^A[fpL4#N=x)y|A

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3.contact lenses 隐形眼镜

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Her contact lenses turned her eyes green.
隐形眼镜把她的眼睛变成了绿色,mPGM!V7iiQH

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4.social media 社交媒体

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We have all witnessed the power of social media.
我们见证了社交媒体的实力J5ta=5(uCqC[YOc=1

内容解析

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1.As an example, she said teachers can ask students to turn in progress of their work and projects before it is complete.

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turn in 上交;归还

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Now we wait for them to turn in their essays.
现在我们等着他们交上作文S#D2zhb6;wT
I went back to the station-house to turn in my badge and gun.
我回到警局交还警徽和佩枪tOgC[E4elqtWOv]KPL

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2."We also have things like Google Glass, as well as smart contact lenses that have the ability to capture video and transmit it to a remote site."

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as well as 与...一样

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It is in his best interests as well as yours.
这符合他的最大利益,同时也符合你的利益1-p;Fq0|oU&2exY(a
They visited some factories, hospitals as well as the school.
他们参观了这所学校,还参观了工厂和医院L=;L-a!~%L4jY1ADB0cf

参考译文

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智能设备成为学生作弊神器
教师经常会遇到学生作弊等问题JM(1aH+DDyKNi]N4。而如今这样的高科技世界,新兴智能设备让学生们作弊更加容易uKwuLM)^|]ZX(S,g
最新的研究表明,如今大多数美国青少年都会接触到智能手机g)mm*q]4]s]i#Dv。专家称,智能手机成为学生作弊的主要途径)[hG+C;u_f,l5Q4VQ
智能化作弊
奈尔·尼科尔(Nile Nickel)是科技与社交媒体的专家0P~Z[,k6s.obg3RKG,d4。他认为很多学生把信息储存到智能手机中作弊,然后再通过其它设备查看这些信息来隐瞒作弊行为&yrF@o;bskw

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智能设备称作弊神器1.jpg
他说,“谷歌眼镜以及智能隐形眼镜等可以抓取视频并传输至远程站点上M_n9EaMv3)-Gh6n4&)。”
年初,几位泰国学生参加顶级医学院的考试时使用该方法作弊被抓.WElpS1vDZi
尼科尔称,“他们考试时戴着眼镜,用眼镜拍下试题后传输给考场外的同伙S|eFa9cki-;#!fxu1。”
他补充说,有学生甚至还配备了只有特殊眼镜才能观看信息的智能手表mp1VsK#[Au_H;,Zma.
尼科尔说,有些设备的铃声很小,只有年轻人才听的到Q9-F8TVmgaW,kl
谁在作弊?
丹尼斯·波普(Denise Pope)是加州斯坦福大学的学习专家O~rx#iIvjO1+。她说,你以为有些学生是不会作弊的_;uvh|4iTYRm^
她说,“有的学生在学校表现很好,但他们也会作弊,因为他们得保持成绩稳定Y,Ftyea1BJi(;ad2V4;。他们深受维持高平均成绩的压力ong#G*QJV_(puyJ~。”
波普还与人合创了一个名为“挑战成功”的组织+q2+UkQTgR)17vzAs。该组织为学校和家庭提供方法帮助学生更多地参与并获得更加平衡的教育体验[&gUg]hzB00f
她说,改进学习和考试过程有助于减少作弊行为L.diGkx~7-*I0
她说,“不要一直不断地解决问题,而是要预防问题的发生&ZHQqQ,Htusd-v|n1K|B。我是说给学生布置难以作弊的作业OHUN!#YZg!F#tpgQQ。”
反作弊手段
例如,学生在完成作业前,教师可要求其上交作品或项目的具体步骤D=CeM2oBJtOHmtr。如此,教师便能判断材料是学生所作并给与指导建议(G[C-VdpdGZK+VNA0E
波普补充说,变革考试方式也可以防止作弊JnSOT;vp9pXVG3O。她说,最好要求学生写出具体答案,而不是从选项中找答案@Xm]IQ369Qpyy+[dS+7)
很多学校禁止学生带智能手机进考场,其它学校则利用搜索无线信号或其它方式寻找作弊的隐藏电子设备;3bEq!dU*cDA
但是波普表示,最重要的方法就是让教师、家长和学生公开讨论作弊s4*6c0~7GaJY。她说,这有助于学生们更好地理解坚持高标准诚信的原因#Y5@!gw,hK2UtQyaRf
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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