BBC双语新闻讲解附字幕:研究称大脑会习惯撒谎
日期:2016-10-27 07:43

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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BBC news with Marion Marshall.

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The Pope has held a private meeting with the embattled president of Venezuela Nicolas Maduro after which it was announced that the government and opposition would meet next Sunday. Tensions are running high in Venezuela over the suspension of a recall referendum campaign seeking Mr. Maduro's removal.

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Canada and the European Union say their free trade deal is not dead although three Belgian regions are blocking its signature. The European Council president said it was still possible to sign it on Thursday as planned, but Canada stressed the ball was now in the EU's court.

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A clash between protesters and United Nations'peace keepers in the Central African Republic has left four people dead. The protesters in the capital of Bangui were calling on the UN mission to leave the country accusing it of not doing enough to protect people from violence.

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Russia's foreign minister and his US counterpart have agreed to continue searching for ways to halt the bloodshed in Aleppo. Their phone conversation came on a day when Syrian government forces seize strategic valuable high ground on the city's southern fringe.

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The French authorities say they are satisfied with the start of the operation to empty the migrant camp known as the Jungle on the outskirts of the northern town of Calais. They say they had evacuated 2,000 people on the first day.

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New research suggests that people's brains get used to lying or dishonesty and such behavior can escalate when repeated. The researchers said they were able to predict how bigger lies someone was about to tell just by looking into brain scan of previous deceptions.

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A new scholarly edition of the works of Williams Shakespeare will for the first time credit his 16 century rival Christophe Marlowe as joint author of three plays, the two dramatists will appear together on the title pages of the trilogy King Henry VI published by Oxford University Press.

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BBC world service news.

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BBC英文文本来自普特听力网,译文由可可原创,未经许可请勿转载|F2k-n_*u[p1[

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词汇学习

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1.embattled adj.(与敌人或批评者)处于交战中的,受围攻的

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The embattled president also denied recent claims that he was being held hostage by his own soldiers.
焦头烂额的总统还否认了最近有关他被自己的士兵挟持为人质的说法.f1XL;vz(3r1D

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2.suspension n.暂停

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A strike by British Airways ground staff has led to the suspension of flights between London and Manchester.
英国航空公司地勤人员的罢工已经造成伦敦至曼彻斯特的航线停运qJ6x(pb(A[4E

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3.recall n.罢免

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A vote against his recall in the referendum would be Christ's vote against imperialism.
反对他的罢免的投票将会是反对帝国主义的投票tn.-)yv2&+CQL7d,nN3

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4.block vt.阻止

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For years the country has tried to block imports of various cheap foreign products.
多年来,这个国家一直竭力阻挠各种廉价外国产品的进口gX;I8BC0LelOTT_S=jak

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5.fringe n.边缘

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They lived together in a mixed household on the fringe of a campus.
他们一起住在校园边上一处男女合租的房子里Yl@Xg)0Mg!)J.HZ*h

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6.escalate v.逐步升级

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Ground rents are likely to escalate over time.
地租以后可能会逐渐上涨xl]Ri_E;Qe-fQZ7CZ

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7.trilogy n.(小说、戏剧、音乐等的)三部曲

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He is best know for his trilogy on working life.
他以描写工人阶级生活的三部曲而著名]yd]NTTq;9Owm8

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内容解析

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1.The European Council president said it was still possible to sign it on Thursday as planned, but Canada stressed the ball was now in the EU's court.

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the ball is in someone's court. Ball是球,court是比赛场地8=Y*+xBqzd(KaRhqA。The ball is in someone's court,从字面上来理解就是:球在别人的场地内N=;@1~H*lXmcweGh53tX。作为一个习惯用语,它的意思是:现在是轮到某人采取行动了7*Y;!#^Ui_v!Vrx7A

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My teacher gave me plenty of advice on how I could improve my grade before the end of the semester. Now the ball is in my court.
在学期结束前我该如何提高成绩的问题上,我的老师给了我很多建议392)4m8oZXWRy[e。现在是轮到我来采取行动了N[AHM99em@8o!j=T6k[

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2.New research suggests that people's brains get used to lying or dishonesty and such behavior can escalate when repeated.

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get used to习惯于

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You quickly get used to using the brakes.
你很快就会习惯使用刹车的#BEyZvk2aF%g_

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3.The researchers said they were able to predict how bigger lies someone was about to tell just by looking into brain scan of previous deceptions.

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be about to即将,正要

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The President is about to wind up his visit to Somalia.
总统即将结束对索马里的访问b&QTC++6c;*(x4Q

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参考翻译

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Marion Marshall为您报道BBC新闻9E]VugMfvxb+4^]h*2n

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教皇与四面楚歌的委内瑞拉总统马杜罗(Nicolas Maduro)举行私人会面,随后宣布政府反对派将于下周日召开会议~6~Frjis(UNP&bG@O。由于寻求马杜罗下台的罢免公投被延迟,委内瑞拉紧张形势升级!&nPwG[231|e

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加拿大和欧盟表示,他们的自由贸易协议并未陷入僵局,尽管三个比利时区阻止该协议签名Er^xNHYfak2;~VW。欧洲委员会主席表示,协议仍然有可能按计划于周四签署H2n.JGhE!js)tk。但是加拿大强调现在轮到欧盟采取行动了|sAWMr,+TSzX

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在中非共和国,抗议者和联合国维和人员之间爆发冲突,造成4人死亡2SEd@nN604EUd[Pen=U+。首都班吉抗议者呼吁联合国维和部队离开这个国家,指控他们未能采取足够措施保护平民免受暴力伤害iEjiu1kCe#ZUdG#y3

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俄罗斯外长及其美国同仁同意继续探索停止阿勒颇血腥事件的方法,@kL]gJ,*rP0s#Zk。他们通电话的时候,叙利亚政府军在这座城市南部边陲占领了有战略价值的高地r@1e5aE|L;M0t~

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法国当局表示,他们对清空北部城市加莱“丛林”移民营的行动的开始表示满意[x-uUy)^=MpU*h,pojW。他们表示,行动的第一天他们已经疏散了2000人q.(re3rsKJ+G6qmHn

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新的研究表明,人类的大脑会习惯撒谎或不诚实,多次重复的话这种行为会升级r%SRzwVs%nq74Q。研究人员表示,通过查看此前撒谎时的大脑扫描图像,他们能够预测人们准备说多大的谎话)(cf+*bi=%~.

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威廉·莎士比亚(Williams Shakespeare)一个新的学术著作版本将会首次把他16世纪的对手克里斯托弗·马洛(Christophe Marlowe)列为三部话剧的联合作者(IK!w+wS#2#V10。这两位剧作家的名字将一起出现在牛津大学出版社出版的三部曲《亨利四世》的标题页D8fhpF4|SKd(LTcm0XO7

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重点单词
  • creditn. 信用,荣誉,贷款,学分,赞扬,赊欠,贷方 (复)c
  • valuableadj. 贵重的,有价值的 n. (pl.)贵重物品
  • scholarlyadj. 学究气的,学者派头的 名词scholar的形容
  • strategicadj. 战略的,重要的,基本的
  • dishonestyn. 不诚实;不正直;欺诈
  • striken. 罢工,打击,殴打 v. 打,撞,罢工,划燃
  • escalatevt. 扩大,升高,增强 vi. 逐步升级
  • trilogyn. 三部曲
  • fringen. 流苏,次要,边缘,额外补贴 vt. 用流苏修饰,镶
  • blockn. 街区,木块,石块 n. 阻塞(物), 障碍(物)