VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):收入差距成缅因州选民关注焦点
日期:2016-10-26 14:11

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Maine Voters Concerned About Income Gap
The election in the United States next month is not just about who will be the next president. There are many local issues on the ballots as well.
For example, some states are considering making marijuana use legal. Other cities are thinking about raising taxes to help fund civic projects.
In the northeast state of Maine, voters will decide whether or not to increase the minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest salary an employer is permitted to pay an employee.
Today, the federal government requires employees to be paid at least $7.25 an hour. But voters in Maine are considering raising the minimum wage each year so that it reaches $12 an hour by 2020.
Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders' campaign for the Democratic Party's presidential nomination brought attention to income inequality. Income inequality is the term used to describe the difference in wealth between the richest and poorest Americans.
Hillary Clinton defeated Sanders and won the Democratic nomination. She said she supports an increase in the minimum wage. Her opponent, Donald Trump, said he believes individual states should decide for themselves.
A group called Fight for $15 believes workers should be paid no less than $15 per hour. They have protested outside the presidential debates.
In the city of Portland, Maine, Hillary Morrison is a bartender at Vena's Fizz House.
She has debts and expenses: food, rent, transportation and student loans.
But unlike many people who work making drinks or serving coffee, she has only one job.
That is because her boss, Steve Corman, pays his employees a good salary.
Morrison earns about $30 per hour on a busy night. Corman pays the bartender about $9 per hour. She gets the rest from tips, extra money customers pay for good service.
Under the current law in Maine, Corman could pay her less than $4 per hour since she is an employee who receives tips.
Morrison said her salary is "incredible." She said she would have to work two or three jobs in order to pay her bills without it.
While some people may be surprised that a bartender or waiter can earn $30 per hour, Corman thinks the higher salary is a good investment. He said his employees work hard, are loyal to his business and develop strong relationships with customers who come back again and again.
Chris Tyll owns a pizza restaurant in Portland called Pat's Pizza. He sees the minimum wage issue differently. He said he is worried voters might not understand why increasing the minimum wage could hurt a business like his.
After adding up the cost of ingredients and labor, he said selling one pizza does not make that much money for the restaurant.
If restaurants had to pay their employees $12 per hour, a pizza might cost as much as $30.
Tyll said people might not eat at such a costly pizza shop.
"We're asking people to make a decision, 10 seconds in a ballot box, as they look at this question," Tyll said. He said he wants to see more of an effort to help workers learn new skills so they can get better jobs.
Economists are not sure how a higher minimum wage would affect local economies.
Some think workers would spend more if they made more, which would boost business. Others say businesses would be forced to raise prices without a guarantee that people would spend more for goods and services.
The Economic Policy Institute said the current federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour is not high enough to support the cost of living in the U.S. The institute also said the U.S. economy could still do well if minimum wage rose to $12 per hour by 2020.
I'm Dan Friedell.

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词汇解析

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1.as well 也;同样

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I'll come with you if you like, I might as well.
如果你想的话,我会和你在一起来C1(;(sN~VwhELETNu

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2.as much as 多达

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I hate Lewis and his kind just as much as you do.
我和你一样痛恨刘易斯之流1f)%m_.=u+m

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3.student loan 学生贷款

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He criticized the Department of Education for not doing enough to control the student loan industry.
他对教育部未采取足够措施控制学生贷款行业的情况提出了批评*D_Z]-rphJoz

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4.the minimum wage 最低工资

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These people deserve to make more than the minimum wage.
这些人应该得到比最低工资更高的报酬gIw^b1RL_^0HU%

内容解析

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1.She said she would have to work two or three jobs in order to pay her bills without it.

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in order to 为了

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In order to transform their environment, he drew up the project with painstaking accuracy.
为了改造环境,他苦心孤诣地制订了这个计划.7~^2TA1+qro+DdLUS
In order to reach this limit a number of technical problems will have to be solved.
要达到这个限度,还有很多技术问题必须解决CBj.4VKus%+K!

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2.After adding up the cost of ingredients and labor, he said selling one pizza does not make that much money for the restaurant.

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add up 合计

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Add up the bills for each month. Take this away from the income.
将账单按月累加,再从收入中扣除2R21JKL##0
Police said they arrested Olivia because her statements did not add up.
警方说他们之所以逮捕奥利维娅是因为她无法自圆其说FA[o#%yHwRnYmMD]kH

参考译文

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收入差距成缅因州选民关注焦点
下月的美国大选不仅会决定谁将成为下任总统M]+O3BxSHIJq9xt=uU。还会投票决定很多地方议题WcagWCy|F]M
例如,有的州正考虑让大麻合法化;b4GZ%UI4irr4k。其它城市则想通过提高税收来建立市政工程fY(AFEX@V3jvcipoOy
美国东北部的缅因州,选民们将决定是否提高最低工资c5IbSq_pFvY5l]M8。最低工资是指雇主支付员工的最低工资水平JCve3]pKg%(y4
如今,联邦政府要求员工的最低时薪为7.25美元A5q+J.0sVHFobu。而缅因州的选民希望逐年提高最低工资水平,2020年时最低时薪达到12美元UUTnZ7X7(lIR*3X

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收入差距成缅因州选民关注焦点.jpg
佛蒙特州参议员伯尼·桑德斯(Bernie Sanders)竞选民主党总统提名时引发了人们对收入差距的关注8BWOdv,rwN61._c5eJ。收入不平等是个专业词汇,指的是美国富人与穷人间的收入差异n^FK!x+3Mq0
希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton)战胜桑德斯获得民主党的提名(JQn@.XJz;F_YHGp。希拉里表示将支持提高最低工资5*qTQdA7_y]SOe7v。她的劲敌唐纳德·川普(Donald Trump)则认为,此事各州应自行决定s5iICo)_c19.=kqk4f
一个名为“争取15美元时薪”的组织认为,员工的时薪应不低于15美元Es#;Qef,J7。为此,他们在总统辩论的会场外举行抗议活动COdB^rmCd+OC1]_,nP[
希拉里·莫里森(Hillary Morrison)是缅因州波特兰市Vena's Fizz House的调酒师Tb8VD#(8krzyn[;93
她要应付各种借款和开销:饮食、房租、交通费用和学生贷款N|&TgL[b-hT_v
但与众多调酒师和侍应生不同的是,她只有这一份工作dVj)RCA=TKR
因为老板史蒂夫·柯曼(Steve Corman)给员工的薪水十分丰厚.m+Z%@TrCVHZX5rpV
晚上生意好的话,莫里森每小时能赚30美元左右*U@XyVMRel1m+m&uDq。柯曼支付给调酒师的时薪约9美元GF^SBEK4sdkMT)|pc。剩下的收入就是小费,小费顾客满意服务而额外支付的费用kvlMVF[iQ3
根据缅因州的现行法律,因为收到小费,柯曼可以支付给她最低4美元的时薪u]OT[n3pk~)dpVOgp
莫里森表示,她的收入“难以置信”4tlgf9E6.ipW[UMT。没有这份收入,她就得另做两、三份工作来支付账单%vlkGli!3x15
可能有人非常惊讶,一个调酒师或服务生能赚30美元的时薪,然而柯曼认为,高薪是一项良性投资pq@86+e].r@HWdUPz。他说员工工作卖力,忠于公司,还跟店里的常客建立了亲密的关系R)u-1kl2)[
克里斯·吉尔(Chris Tyll)在波特兰开了一家名为Pat's Pizza的餐厅0jqpe-GgzKmzP!BZm@~。对于提高最低工资,他有不同看法OAk|a3Mlr@7-SHv。他说,恐怕选民们无法理解为什么提高最低工资会伤害他的生意msiewM~Fjs
他说,算上食材和员工成本,餐厅卖1份批萨其实赚不了多少钱F2JhH1!W8u
如果餐厅向员工支付12美元的时薪,那么一份批萨就得卖30美元GKITuJ=q+z
吉尔表示,人们就不会选择在这样的披萨店用餐CepaG#aNz!)1w2!9tAA
吉尔说,“我们希望选民明白这个问题后,在投票箱前思考10秒再做决定]-Ycl_G]2-%wk!UPRX。”他说,他希望政府能够帮助员工学习新技能,这样他们才能找到高薪职位qECFGYbN]w3FhtP
经济学家尚不确定提高最低工资对当地经济会产生什么影响&Znua6qVAd#fHr#da
有人认为,如果员工赚得多,那么他们的购买力就会提升,这将刺激经济发展z*C6yXLQDI9nozA。还有人认为,这会导致企业被迫提高商品价格,无法保证人们会在商品和服务上消费更多AA[;);~kBBa+d)|6r0A
美国经济政策研究所称,如今美国7.25美元的最低时薪已无法维持基本的生活水平P8BvfLMKKG=2!*7iqVk。该研究所还表示,假如2020年最低时薪能够提高至12美元,美国经济仍会运转良好t+u%]U*djp
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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