WHO Supports Taxes on Sugary Drinks
The World Health Organization says the widespread use of sugar in food products and drinks is a major concern in many areas. So WHO officials are calling on governments to require taxes on sugary drinks in an effort to limit their usage and popularity.
The officials believe the taxes also would reduce the risk of health problems resulting from obesity.
Obesity is a condition in which the body stores large, unhealthy amounts of fat. Obese individuals are considered overweight.
A new report says that in 2014 more than one-third of the adults in the world were overweight, and 500 million were considered obese.
The United Nations agency estimates that in 2015, 42 million children under age 5 were either overweight or obese. It says that number represents an increase of about 11 million during the past 15 years. Almost half of these boys and girls live in Asia and one-fourth in Africa.
The U.N. agency blames unhealthy diets for a rise in diabetes cases. There are 422 million cases of the disease worldwide. WHO says 1.5 million people die from it every year. It says the use of sugar in food products, like sugary drinks, is a major reason for the increase in rates of obesity and diabetes.
Temo Waqanivalu is with the agency's Department for the Prevention on Non-Communicable Diseases. He told VOA that taxing sugary drinks would reduce consumption and save lives.
"If we increase the tax and that gets passed on to the consumers resulting in a 20 percent increase in price, you are more likely to get a 20 percent reduction in the consumption. In addition, you will be more likely to achieve the ultimate health outcome we are aiming for, which is the reduction in obesity and diabetes."
Waganivalu noted that Mexico enacted a 10 percent tax on sugary drinks in 2014. He said by the end of the year, there was a 6 percent drop in the consumption of such drinks. Among poor people, the number of people who consumed sugary drinks dropped by 17 percent.
The WHO report says China has more obese people than any other country -- 43 million men and 46 million women. The United States is home to almost 42 million obese men and 46 million women who are obese.
The WHO says people should limit the amount of sugar they consume. It says they should keep their sugar intake to below 10 percent of their total energy needs, and reduce it to less than 5 percent for improved health.
It warns people to be careful in their calculations because sugar is everywhere.
I'm Marsha James.
1.sugary drinks 含糖饮料
Children being given sugary drinks and unhealthy snack foods with too much salt and fat contributes significantly to obesity.
2.result from 由于
Many hair problems result from what you eat.
3.aim for 瞄准；以...为目标
We aim for simplicity and excellence in the quality of our services.
4.In addition 另外；此外
You need money and time; in addition, you need diligence.
1.So WHO officials are calling on governments to require taxes on sugary drinks in an effort to limit their usage and popularity.
in an effort to 企图；为了
I spent much of my time bundled up in sweaters in an effort to keep warm.
Penny tended to work through her lunch hour in an effort to keep up with her work.
2.The WHO report says China has more obese people than any other country -- 43 million men and 46 million women.
any other 其他的
We have no quarrel with the people of Spain or of any other country.
The authorities insist that the discussions must not be linked to any other issue.
世界卫生组织表示，糖在食品和饮料中的广泛使用已成为多个地区的重大隐患 。因此，世卫组织呼吁各国对含糖饮料征税，以减少糖的使用及受欢迎程度 。
肥胖是指体内积累了大量的、有害健康的脂肪 。肥胖患者被认为超重 。
据世卫组织统计，2015年，5岁以下超重或肥胖的儿童约4200万 。世卫组织表示，该数据表明过去15年间，肥胖儿童数量增加约1100万 。其中约一半儿童生活在亚洲，还有四分之一生活在非洲 。
世卫组织认为糖尿病患者的增加是因为不健康饮食所导致的 。全球约4.22亿名糖尿病患者 。世卫组织指出，每年有150万人死于糖尿病 。食品与含糖饮料中的糖分是肥胖和糖尿病猛增的主要原因 。
徳莫·瓦可尼瓦鲁（Temo Waqanivalu）在世卫组织非传染性疾病预防部门任职 。他对美国之音表示，对含糖饮料征税可减少该类商品的消费进而挽救生命 。
他说，“如果我们提高税收，那么价格上涨后的20%将由消费者买单，那么就可能减少20%的消费量 。另外还有可能实现终极健康目标——降低肥胖和糖尿病发病率 。”
瓦可尼瓦鲁指出，2014年墨西哥对含糖饮料征收了10%的税 。年底，含糖饮料的消费量下降了6% 。而穷人在含糖饮料的消费人数下降了17% 。
世卫组织报告称，中国的肥胖人口超过了全球其它国家，中国约4300万男性和4600万女性属于肥胖人口 。而美国近4200万男性和4600万女性被列为肥胖 。
世卫组织表示，人们应该适当控制糖的消费量 。其建议糖类的摄取应该低于总能量需求的10%，若想改善健康状况，应该降至5%以下 。