VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):全球近9成人身处高浓度大气污染中
日期:2016-10-15 13:45

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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The World Health Organization says that 92 percent of the world's population lives in areas of high air pollution.
Experts say much of that pollution comes from vehicles fueled by diesel. Many cities in Europe have called for ending the production of diesel cars. They hope to replace them with electric vehicles as battery life for those vehicles improves.
London is one of the most heavily polluted cities in Europe. Levels of harmful gases in the city are regularly higher than limits set by the European Union.
Martin Williams, with King's College London, says pedestrians often do not realize how close they are to air pollution sources because they cannot see them.
"One of the difficulties of getting the message across to the public at large these days is that air pollution, although it's a major public health problem, is actually invisible. Not like the smogs of the 1950s and 60s when not only could you see it, you could barely see anything else."
Williams adds that toxic gases from diesel cars have led to public health concerns. He says people across Great Britain have died too early because of the pollution.
"The main problem that you are breathing in are the particulates, the soot largely from diesel exhausts, which is the primary problem as far as public health is concerned. And that's responsible for maybe up to around 30,000 premature deaths across Britain. The other pollutant that's more recently become an issue is nitrogen dioxide, again largely from diesel."
Last year, officials discovered that German carmaker Volkswagen attempted to cheat on emissions tests on its vehicles. The incident became known as ‘diesel-gate.'
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Areeba Hamid is with the environmental group Greenpeace. She says that incident is why many in the automobile industry want to produce electric cars.
"It's quite clear that the car industry is feeling the pressure of a public health crisis owing to air pollution in big cities in particular and the aftermath of the diesel-gate' scandal, which is the reason why it's looking to produce new electric models."
At the Paris Motor Show in September, many of the vehicles on display were electric cars. Volkswagen announced it aims to sell two to three million electric vehicles each year by 2025.
Experts say electric cars could offer the answer to air pollution in major cities. They add, however, that the electricity should be created using renewable energy.
I'm Jonathan Evans.

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词汇解析

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1.pedestrian 行人,步行者

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Ingrid was a walker, even in Los Angeles, where a pedestrian is a rare sight.
英格丽德是个步行者,即使在行人少见的洛杉矶也是如此J~.B;5xNG(e45H7xa

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2.particulate 微粒,颗粒物

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Any particulate filter eventually clogs, so you have to replace it as breathing becomes difficult.

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任何微粒过滤器最终会阻塞,所以当感到呼吸困难时,你必须更换它Ft54)o|~UvYf

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3.emission 排放,发射

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This is the only zero-emission car on the market.
这是现在市场上绝无仅有的“零排放”车型nd7eD(gwPC+u%[

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4.diesel 柴油

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But these innovations have reduced his use of diesel by only around 25%.
而即便使用了这些革新措施后,他的柴油用量也仅仅减少了25%左右qiOBy]qgspL*SnZ9fc

内容解析

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1.Many cities in Europe have called for ending the production of diesel cars.

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call for 要求,呼吁

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It's a situation that calls for a blend of delicacy and force.
这种情况下需要的是刚柔并济*Xus=B_lPenam
Their occurrence does not call for any change in the present level of pandemic alert.
这些病例的发生并不要求在目前的大流行预警级别方面作任何改变RgP*;*b,A7M@uwVdN

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2.They hope to replace them with electric vehicles as battery life for those vehicles improves.

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replace... with... 用……替换……

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Soon these equipment will be dismantled since they were erected in 1982 and be replaced with modern ones.
不久之后,这些从1982年就挺立在这里的老家伙要被现代化设备代替了Y(W=|#5p|&_T
This collaborator must be replaced with a mock object.
必须用模仿对象替换这个合作者M#!nrd8SKK7wcN,

参考译文

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世界卫生组织称,全球有92%的人口居住在高浓度大气污染地区#IEgA99g#gBVm
有专家表示,很多高浓度污染的来源是柴油车辆造成的pEIqQ#89z)49。欧洲很多城市已呼吁停止生产柴油车辆,希望用电动车代替柴油车,因为使用电动车电池的寿命也在不断提升wG.~tSv8D2ec+;3_
伦敦是欧洲大气污染最严重的城市之一7OWrixFn,zedG,。通常情况下,城市里有害气体的水平已高于欧盟设定的限制KlJ)!J7AM#O
伦敦大学国王学院的马丁表示,路上的行人通常不会意识到他们离空气污染源有多近,因为他们是看不见后者的P1ZqxD!DIE~ES
“如今,将这个信息传达给广大民众的困难之一就是:虽然空气污染是一个重要的公共健康问题,但它实际上是看不见的&FfkSvPCvtRw8vr。它不同于20世纪五六十年代的大雾,因为那时的大雾不仅能看见,而且除了它也什么都看不见”0@bY8Y&tj9(sP0N+
马丁补充说道,来自柴油车辆的有害气体已经导致了很多公众健康问题H]SdW8&Kdt。他说英国的很多人由于空气污染而过早死亡A9n;wKIcqMMl
“我们吸入空气的主要问题在于颗粒物,它们是柴油车辆尾气中的烟灰,也是公共健康方面的主要问题1p=!nN,@lGq1Zk~j。颗粒物可能是英国3万名早逝案例的罪魁祸首KtSk^4jRfyj。另一个新近成为污染物的例子是二氧化氮,它的主要来源也是柴油车辆”svIDhNHt]h(NI|lHdk

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去年,工作人员发现,德国车企大众企图在车辆排放上蒙混过关aja&)7Qz]Y^dDLN。此次事件被人们成为“柴油门”~c#V6HY5v!AGJW1VV
哈米德是环保组织绿色和平组织的工作人员8Jv,k@70*;zHy&;2。她表示,此次柴油门事件说明了很多车企想生产电动车的原因UIpvjqn*_RG
“很明显,车企感受到了公众健康危机的压力,这是由大城市的空气污染造成的_Df||Rj,e)H95。这种压力在柴油门丑闻后尤为明显i1Rb=Ats*Nk5xr8b.。这也是车企行业开始转而生产电动类型车辆的原因”A|!NV+qQE)Cup
在9月的巴黎车展上,很多展示的车辆都是电动车De_gvPdzFE2a#njSsH。大众宣布其目标是在2025年之前销售200到300万辆电动车Fz3.(GSQJWLiD)Az
有专家表示,电动车是解决大城市空气污染的正解5!6dA(C;tg。他们还补充说道,不过,电能应该是通过可再生能源获得的sJoPAIxJG[c
感谢收听乔纳森的播报sp#!e!_5o=dJqO9K

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • prematureadj. 提前的,过早的,早产的 n. 早产儿,早熟
  • announced宣布的
  • issuen. 发行物,期刊号,争论点 vi. & vt 发行,流
  • alertadj. 警觉的,灵敏的 n. 警戒,警报 vt. 警惕
  • scandaln. 丑闻,中伤,反感,耻辱
  • producen. 产品,农作物 vt. 生产,提出,引起,分娩,制片
  • particularadj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的 n. 个别项目
  • pressuren. 压力,压强,压迫 v. 施压
  • toxicadj. 有毒的 n. 有毒物质
  • delicacyn. 柔软,精致,佳肴