US Presidential Debate Shows Disagreement on Asia Policy
Presidential candidates Hillary Clinton and Donald Trump set out sharply different ideas about America's allies in Asia during their debate Monday night.
Clinton, a former United States Senator and Secretary of State, is the candidate of the Democratic Party. Trump, a businessman, is the Republican Party's choice for president.
In the debate, Clinton noted existing U.S. agreements to defend the Asian allies with conventional or nuclear weapons, if necessary. She sharply criticized Trump's earlier statements that suggested he might withdraw troops from Asia if elected.
"He has said repeatedly that he didn't care if other nations got nuclear weapons ... Japan, South Korea, even Saudi Arabia."
Trump reacted to her comment by saying that Clinton was misrepresenting his position. He repeated his call for the allies to pay a greater share of security costs.
"All I said was they may have to defend themselves or they have to help us out."
Trump also said that he wanted to negotiate a better deal to get more support for defense efforts aiding both sides. One reason is the U.S. government's budget deficit.
"We are a country that owes 20 trillion dollars, they have to help us out."
The two candidates did appear to agree on one thing. Both said that nuclear weapons were the biggest problem facing the world today.
The Republican nominee said the possibility that terrorists might gain a nuclear device is "the single greatest threat facing the United States."
Clinton criticized the way Trump had spoken about nuclear weapons and the possibility that nations in Asia could acquire them.
"His cavalier attitude about nuclear weapons is so deeply troubling. That is the number one threat we face in the world and it becomes particularly threatening if terrorists ever get their hands on any nuclear material."
U.S. nuclear policy has long been to prevent the spread of nuclear weapons. Central to this effort is the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, which first became effective in 1970.
Trump calls for greater defense cost-sharing
In the past, Trump has called Japan and South Korea "free riders." The United States has 50,000 troops in Japan and about 28,000 troops in South Korea.
The U.S. forces are stationed there to help support peace and security in East Asia. However, Trump has said that these countries and others contribute too little to support the American troops.
Trump has argued that, because the U.S. has large budget deficits, it no longer has enough money to keep large numbers of troops in bases overseas.
It is estimated that Japan pays $1.6 billion toward the costs of U.S. troops there and South Korea pays $866 million.
On Tuesday, South Korean Foreign Ministry spokesman Cho June-hyuck said his country is closely watching the U.S. election. Officials there are considering how the vote might affect relations with the U.S. and the alliance with it.
Cho said, "I can tell you that our government has been contributing and playing a role to maintain and strengthen Korea-U.S. joint defense capability and provide stable conditions for the USFK (U.S. Forces Korea) to be stationed."
On Monday, the United States and South Korea carried out joint naval exercises, one of several major exercises this year.
The commander of U.S. Naval Forces Korea, Brad Cooper, said the exercise was organized to show "the unwavering strength and resolve" of America and its military allies.
Some U.S. lawmakers have moved to restate the country's longstanding guarantee of protection to its allies.
In July, two members of the U.S. Senate wrote a commentary together. In it, Republican John McCain and Democrat Robert Menendez said the U.S. will meet its mutual defense treaty obligations no matter who is the next president.
However, some lawmakers in South Korea's ruling Saenuri Party have expressed concern over the U.S. defense alliance. They are urging the South Korean government to develop its own nuclear weapons to defend against the growing North Korean threat.
I'm Mario Ritter.
1.Presidential candidates 总统候选人
New York is a proving ground today for the Democratic presidential candidates.
2.nuclear weapon 核武器
We have conducted a new nuclear weapon test successfully.
3.set out 出发；开始
He has achieved what he set out to do three years ago.
4.help out 帮助...摆脱
I help out with the secretarial work
1.Trump has argued that, because the U.S. has large budget deficits, it no longer has enough money to keep large numbers of troops in bases overseas.
budget deficit 预算赤字
He urged the administration and Congress to come up with a credible package to reduce the budget deficit.
They're ready to cut the federal budget deficit for the next fiscal year.
2.The two candidates did appear to agree on one thing.
agree on 在...取得一致意见
They agree on fundamentals, like the need for further political reform.
The two sides failed to agree on the wording of a final report.
在周一晚间的电视辩论中，美国总统候选人希拉里·克林顿（Hillary Clinton）与唐纳德·特朗普（Donald Trump）就盟友亚洲展开辩论 。
前参议员、国务卿希拉里是民主党的总统候选人 。而商人特朗普是共和党的总统候选人 。
希拉里在辩论时强调美国现有的协议——必要时，美国将用常规武器或核武器支援亚洲盟国 。她尖锐地指责早前特朗普的言论，当时特朗普表示，若当选总统会从亚洲撤军 。
特朗普对此回应，希拉里曲解了他的立场 。他再次强调只是想让盟国支付更多的安保费用 。
特朗普还表示，他希望能够进行一次更好的协商，为双赢的安防工作带来更多支持 。因为美国政府巨额的财政赤字 。
两位总统候选人在核武器的问题上意见一致 。他们都声称核武器是当今世界面临的最大问题 。
希拉里表示，“在核武器问题上，特朗普那漫不经心的态度让人深感不安 。放眼全球，核武成为美国面临的头号威胁，如果恐怖分子掌握任何核材料就会变得一发不可收拾 。”
特朗普曾称日本和韩国“搭顺风车” 。美国在日本驻军5万人，在韩国驻军2.8万人 。
美军驻扎是为维护东亚地区的和平与稳定 。但特朗普表示，亚洲盟国及其它国家为美军付出的太少 。
周二，韩国外交部发言人赵俊赫（Cho June-hyuck）表示，韩国正密切关注美国大选 。韩国官员纷纷猜测美国大选会如何影响其与亚洲盟国的双边关系 。
美国驻韩海军指挥官布拉德·库珀（Brad Cooper）表示，这次演习展示了美国及其盟友“坚定的力量与决心” 。
7月份，美国两名参议员共同撰写了一篇评论 。共和党人约翰·麦凯恩(John McCain)与民主党人罗伯特·梅嫩德斯（Robert Menendez）在评论中表示，无论谁当选美国下一任总统，美国都将履行《共同防务条约》的义务 。
然而，韩国执政党新世界党的一些议员对美国防务联盟表示担忧 。他们敦促韩国政府发展自己的核武器，以抵御朝鲜愈演愈烈的威胁 。