VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国大学生对国际时事知之甚少
日期:2016-09-29 10:54

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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American College Students Know Little of World Events
Young people in the United States do not have a strong understanding of the world and their place in it.
Two U.S.-based groups, the Council on Foreign Relations and the National Geographic Society, commissioned an online survey earlier this year. They wanted to know what young people educated in American colleges knew about geography, U.S. foreign policy, recent international events, and economics.
In general, the results were not very good.
The bad news
The survey was given to over 1,200 Americans between the ages of 18 and 26 years. All of them currently attend, or formerly attended, a 2- or 4-year college or university.
The average test score, out of 75 total possible answers, was 55 percent.
The study identifies a few important questions that American students did not know about their own country.
For example, less than 30 percent knew that a treaty requires the United States to protect Japan if it is attacked. Only 30 percent knew that the only part of the U.S. government that can declare war is Congress.
The online survey produced findings that are similar to the findings of other recent studies.
The Internet
Part of the problem, say the organizers of the survey, is the Internet. They say it is becoming harder to get good information about what is happening in the world today.
Susan Goldberg is with the National Geographic Society. She says people never have to see anything that differs from their understanding of the world; many get their news from a newsfeed.
Forty-three percent of those questioned said they read about national and international news on Facebook.
Another problem is that classes do not require students to learn about international issues. That is the opinion of Richard Haass of the Council on Foreign Relations.
"The problem is schools do not require that students take these courses to graduate," he said. "There is a fundamental difference between offering a course and requiring it."
If such information is not required, Haass said, then the United States could have leaders like Gary Johnson. Johnson is the presidential candidate of the Libertarian Party. He did not know about the Syrian city of Aleppo when a reporter asked him about it.
The good news
The survey results were not all bad. The young people who were questioned demonstrated a good understanding of climate change and renewable energy.
Even if the young people failed to understand many of the questions, the majority of them said that international issues were becoming more important to them.
Only two percent said that knowledge of foreign or non-U.S. cultures was not important. One percent said knowledge of world events was not important.
Haass says these findings suggest the need to find ways to get good information to students, both in school and online. To help, the Council on Foreign Relations is creating a new program called CFR Campus, designed to help build knowledge about global issues.
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.world events 世界大事

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More and more university students are interested in world events these days.
现在越来越多的大学生关心起世界大事了(|8Ck)B]Uxcd[FZ5ST0

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2.Foreign Relations 外交关系

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He was on the Council of Foreign Relations.
他任职于外交关系委员会),,w4Hfb,D6l=c,(wet

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3.foreign policy 外交政策

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He has senatorial experience in defence and foreign policy.
他在参议院期间有过国防和外交政策方面的经验uo3,b~A!l2KK#A[J

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4.test score 成绩;分数

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My test score doesn't reflect how much I know about the subjects.
我的考试成绩不能反映我对这些科目了解的多或少5y7iUd_k*+FDFY9vc

内容解析

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1.The young people who were questioned demonstrated a good understanding of climate change and renewable energy.

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climate change 气候变化

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Carbon emissions exacerbate the global climate change problem.
碳排放加剧了全球气候变化问题+^wc8bo())+
Global climate change is also on this year's agenda.
此外,全球气候变暖问题也在今年的议事日程上PX6vf[]J.BhNP0i

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2.In general, the results were not very good.

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In general 总而言之

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I think we need to improve our educational system in general.
我认为有必要从整体上改进我们的教育体系rPK%+uoyRO@xRO7]uc
I disagree with drug laws in general.
总的来说,我反对药品法!N%^mNJOi&XtK=jpbp

参考译文

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美国大学生对国际时事知之甚少
美国的年轻人对世界并没有深刻的认识,也不清楚自己在世界中所扮演的角色3#.q_iiqnu
年初,美国外交关系协会与国家地理学会受命发布了一项在线调查lC*(O(xX~IHcEL。该调查旨在分析美国大学生对地理、美国外交政策、近期国际时事及经济的了解情况GUnL*~%_Kaj@q7
总之,调查的结果让人失望0sSTt_V57nQR%.vi
该调查的目标是18至26岁的1200名美国大学生MTLdUxHtZhGd6YGx。他们都是就读2年制或4年制大学的在校生和毕业生g5N9k9y8,!*gdonJ

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美国大学生对国际时事知之甚少.jpeg
调查内容包括75道题,平均成绩为55%yCvIU%@2R_.|
该调查暴露出一些重大问题——美国大学生对本国情况知之甚少IJ3vxhitN*](12s
了解美日安全保障条约协定(若日本遭袭击,美国提供支援)的学生不到30%(ZQfK[EE,)oS04。而知道美国政府中只有国会拥有宣战权的学生只有30%H&DMRcxv*(g
在线调查的结果与近期其他的调查结果并无二致4a8n_QvBy9My!K65@A
组织该项调查的人员称,部分原因是因为互联网的发展GfQJL;WkjjxTdOPB。如今,人们想要掌握确凿的全球时事信息越来越难X1NJ^ili3r
苏珊·格尔伯格(Susan Goldberg)在国家地理学会任职Mt4q6~t(,NFY9。她表示,人们从来不会理会与其世界观相左的观念HVa2zLFDtA4jP8Nz6QC。很多人通过新闻摘要获取信息NCJgww8.Fj6THO&^1prA
43%的受访者表示,他们通过Facebook了解国家以及国际新闻*sUHS5!MVK0
另外,学校并没有要求学生关注国际时事KH0h6BYeJ.rXV@。外交关系协会的理查德·哈斯(Richard Haass)说道s=,J#ScrT;^HZl2#9M
他说:“学校并没有规定学生需参加相关课程后才可毕业的硬性要求ZnS]KJ]IcE7~)。”“开设课程与要求学生了解之间有本质上的区别bRv*RAFsy=%y+i=6+52a。”
哈斯表示,如果不要求学生掌握时事信息,美国会出现很多加利·约翰逊(Gary Johnson)这样的领导人Iue*c4i&&8-.te%EDSu。约翰逊是自由党总统侯选人myGg+W0sOFnx@jaA3Rt。其在接受采访时竟然不知道叙利亚的阿勒颇市rS^;)&kY#B8wv~,G6vK4
然而,调查结果也并非太糟糕xrVqs27dhrj[,~.@_。受访大学生对气候变化与可再生能源领域见解甚广)hTuZS|@g=yrQWP[h7
虽然在调查中的表现不尽如人意,但多数年轻人表示,对他们来说,国际问题愈加重要,NrSRHwLwry
只有2%的年轻人认为外国文化或非美国文化知识不重要-m&mP+oZ-D7z^9-V。1%的人觉得国际时事不重要lr.Vi9K&G6b+X_@B
哈斯称,调查结果表明,学生们需要一种良好的信息渠道来了解国际时事,不管是通过学校还是网络3r@sjHCFqf,)。为了改变这一现状,外交关系协会现启动了一个名为“CFR Campus”的新项目%40LYuM%ez!rF。意在帮助学生了解国际重大事件le,2=Cbr*f
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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