VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):调换专业有利于大学生毕业
日期:2016-09-26 14:35

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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'Major' Change Might Help College Students Graduate
Only 60 percent of students seeking a bachelor's degree at an American college or university finish their study program within six years.
That information comes from the United States Department of Education. It was part of a report released in May.
The report talks about full-time students who attended a four-year college or university for the first time in 2008. It states that 60 percent of them completed their degree program by 2014.
Experts say there are many reasons why this number is so low. But many schools are looking for ways to increase the graduation rate.
For example, every American college or university requires students to identify the main subject, or "major," of their studies. After all their requirements have been met, students receive their degree in that major.
Some universities require individuals to declare a major at the beginning of their studies. Other schools let students wait until their second year. Changing majors is also acceptable. But some experts argue against changing majors. They note it may cause students to take more time to complete their degree program.
However, a new study suggests that students who change their majors may be more likely to graduate.
The Education Advisory Board (EAB) released the report on the study last month. The board studies higher education and tries to help American colleges and universities make improvements.
The study was based on information gathered from over 78,000 college students. It looked at the graduation rate of students who changed majors within the first four years of study. On average, their graduation rate was between about four to six percent higher than students who never changed majors.
The report also suggests that changing majors within the first three years of study has little to no effect on the average time it takes students to complete their degree.
The EAB's senior director Ed Venit wrote the report. He would not comment on whether or not college students should change majors. But he said that about 80 percent of students do change at some point.
Venit also said it is not completely clear why changing majors might help students. But he thinks some people become more invested in their studies once they have had time to decide what they truly want to do.
"Students who chose a major early on: maybe they didn't have full information about what they wanted to do. Maybe they just picked something that felt familiar ... or their parents pushed them to something, whatever it might be. But maybe they didn't make a full choice early on. ... Those students were only, perhaps ... just kind of attached to their major, versus students who either wait and explore a little bit longer or have declared something, explored further and found something else that they like even better."
Venit added that the Department of Education's graduation rate information is not completely correct. It only includes the rates for students studying for the first time -- not for those who have changed schools. These students represent about 40 percent of the university population across the United States.
The real six-year graduation rate is only between 53 and 55 percent, Venit said. He said that it is difficult to understand why the rate is so low. Some students leave school because of poor academic performance. Others leave because they lack the money to pay for their schooling. And others leave because they feel they are not getting enough in return for the high cost of higher education.
No matter the reason, Venit said, this is the biggest and most complex problem facing higher education.
I'm Pete Musto.

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词汇解析

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1.bachelor's degree 学士学位

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I have received a Bachelor's degree in finance.
我获得了财经学的学士学位FFV(M=2Dwu(&0CTwoz

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2.full-time 全日制的;全职的

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The way she did it, mothering was a full-time job.
照顾孩子于她是一件不得空闲的苦差事tHDGuwHb6f*9q64^]q,

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3.the graduation rate 毕业率

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Since then the graduation rate has improved by ten to fifteen percent.
自那以后,毕业率提高了10%到15%BD0SBU&M.sqI0tC^L%id

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4.in return 作为报答

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I'll sell at a discount in return for a speedy sale.
为了尽快售出,我会打折销售Up,lun7(r.Ca5LM[z

内容解析

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1.On average, their graduation rate was between about four to six percent higher than students who never changed majors.

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On average 平均;普通

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American shares rose, on average, by 38%
美国股票价格平均上涨了38%mJP6.t]%W9;J~v(Ji1
On average each report requires 1,000 hours to prepare
准备一份报告平均需要1,000小时02oiBxn2w1hqV.J

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2.The report also suggests that changing majors within the first three years of study has little to no effect on the average time it takes students to complete their degree.

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has no effect on 对...没有作用

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The medicine has no effect on me.
这种药物对我起不了作用lW,Y+cq2pW
The advice has no effect on me.
这个建议对我没效果etZ8h*2zOY*[~M6fv~oL

参考译文

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调换专业有利于大学生毕业
美国只有60%的大学生在6年内完成了学业并获得学士学位]=GGcv~QYLbewXgLee9d
该信息出自美国教育部5月份发布的一份报告中f1jMZjQa1yv
该报告主要以2008年入学就读于四年制高校的全日制学生为研究对象Vc-X-82CU3wnPe。截止2014年,只有60%的大学生完成了学业iy(I[8=_kZwd*
专家称,这一数字如此之低有多方面的原因,ZJ@ZR^Nc_Id。然而,很多学校都在想方设法提高学生毕业率yGh4~Fz(C3E7~#Ov
例如,所有的美国大学都要求学生选择主修学科,即“专业”)ut8P@%yCD。待学生达到要求后,就会获得该专业的学位Ky_o[DF-N|V=WOP2t_OM

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调换专业有利于大学生毕业.jpeg
一些大学要求学生在入校之初就选定专业57@=h5D1Q-Q#|O。而其他学校则让学生在第二年选修专业wG^ed]AN3H,BYP。学校还允许调换专业3AeqRuuZNfgMF+xY#S^。但是一些专家反对调换专业jo6Y.iNuoGx9wq]rG;。他们觉得这会让学生花费更多的时间来修完学位课程!Q%+x2#AG-wIcZs
然而,最新一项研究却显示,调换专业更利于学生毕业u]dL(M#c73l#P6]I
教育咨询委员会(EAB)上月发布了一项报告XWDL%&b..pUgEj8=#V6。该机构专门研究高等教育以帮助美国高校进行改进Gk9f-It.e#SBR#CNR=
该研究对7.8万名大学生的数据材料进行分析|^ggrywB&@YO@z6;NZy,。主要调查前4年里调换专业学生的毕业率([J(*;vkBM^2]*=。平均来说,这些学生的毕业率比从未曾调换专业的学生高4%-6%M!6hRiT!*|&r
这份报告还显示,在前3年调换专业对学生完成学位所花时间影响甚微j|Hn)mayfOKsY1Hs8R
教育咨询委员会的资深总监Ed Venit是这份报告的作者o)V2^0M=Aff03qEW#2o7。对于学生是否应该调换专业,他未作出任何回应AC_H+gR;%,#。但他表示,80%的学生都会在某个时间作出某些改变WH|uyP!2H=E87U;)0Fqw
Venit表示,还不完全确定为何调换专业会有助于学生毕业d(zfHqi[Ej4*aI5b=3。但他认为一旦能够自行决定真正想做什么,学生就会更加投入地学习ox#l]LEcFflm9%sN
“提前选择专业的学生,也许他们还没有完全意识到自己真正想做什么DjikScvuE6k。也许他们只是选择了相对熟悉的专业,或者迫于父母的压力而做出了选择OYirnbBi6!A136。他们在早期并未充分地考虑QyI~@1_W((U#]3L。那些学生只是被迫学习这些专业,而另一些学生则先观望,等更深入地了解后再做选择;或先选择某一专业,之后进一步探索,然后发现更倾心的专业”
Venit还补充道,教育部的毕业率信息并不完全正确eNhn2VwnI,。该数据只囊括了那些初次入学的学生的毕业率,并不包括那些转校学生的毕业率V3bVzz|]~]wNaVui。转校学生占美国大学生40%LG=6U%6elfj,t
Venit说,真正的6年毕业率只有53%到55%;3D1[aQidQ。他表示很难理解为什么毕业率如此之低wvH#vBh9e!!52fGE。一些学生因为表现差而退学0Cg;kV%Icmx,tLIc8。另一些则是难以承担高昂学费而辍学h,uYSPDcC+X7VGknP。还有一些人是因没能从学费高昂的高等教育中获取相应的回报而退学3a,7#j|)@_4f
Venit表示,无论是基于何种原因,这是高等教育所面临的最大及最棘手的问题+1ffy2)m)ca0Z
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • identifyvt. 识别,认明,鉴定 vi. 认同,感同身受
  • commentn. 注释,评论; 闲话 v. 注释,评论
  • academicadj. 学术的,学院的,理论的 n. 大学教师,
  • explorev. 探险,探测,探究
  • performancen. 表演,表现; 履行,实行 n. 性能,本事
  • discountn. 折扣,贴现率 vt. 打折扣,贴现,不重视,不全信
  • understandvt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为
  • complexadj. 复杂的,复合的,合成的 n. 复合体,综合体,
  • senioradj. 年长的,高级的,资深的,地位较高的 n. 年长
  • acceptableadj. 合意的,受欢迎的,可接受的