Next Week's Presidential Debate Could Make History
Americans are preparing for the first of three debates involving the candidates for president.
The first debate takes place on September 26. It will be held at Hofstra University in the city of Hempstead, New York.
The first debate will include the candidates of the two main parties. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton is the nominee of the Democratic Party. The Republican candidate is businessman Donald Trump.
The other parties will not be represented at the first debate. The Libertarian Party, for example, has nominated former New Mexico Governor Gary Johnson as its presidential candidate. The Green Party chose Jill Stein, who also served as its candidate in the 2012 elections.
The moderator of the first debate will be television news anchor Lester Holt.
The debate will be 90 minutes long. The three topics for debate will be America's direction, achieving prosperity and securing America. Each topic will be debated for close to 30 minutes.
Holt will begin each topic with a question, and each candidate will have two minutes to respond. Candidates will also have the opportunity to respond to each other.
Many think the first debate could make history by drawing the largest audience ever to watch an American political event.
History of presidential debates
American presidential debates and the media have a 56-year history. In 1960, Republican Vice President Richard Nixon debated Democratic Senator John F. Kennedy.
The subject of the debate was domestic policy. The issues they discussed included education, health care, farming, the economy, labor and the Cold War.
But what the 1960 debates showed was how television was changing politics. In the first debate, radio listeners said Nixon won. Those who watched on television said Kennedy was the better debater.
The difference in the audience's perceptions had to do with the candidates' appearances. Kennedy looked tanned and youthful on television. Nixon wore a gray suit that blended into the television studio background. Nixon – who was recovering from an illness -- also looked pale and thin.
A few months later, Kennedy won a narrow victory in the election.
In 1980, President Jimmy Carter debated challenger Ronald Reagan. Carter led in the political polls before the debate.
But Reagan was a former actor and comfortable in front of a studio camera. Reagan's relaxed performance during the debate helped secure him an easy victory.
The 1992 debates featured three candidates. President George H.W. Bush faced challengers Bill Clinton and Ross Perot.
During their conversation, Bush checked his watch. Some thought Bush's glance at his watch as a sign he was bored with the debate.
Bill Clinton went on to win that election.
I'm Bruce Alpert.
1.presidential candidate 总统候选人
They have reached unanimity on who will be the presidential candidate for the next general election.
2.served as 作为；担任
She ushered me into the front room, which served as her office
3.a glance at 看；瞥
She darted a glance at me.
4.close to 接近
I was close to tears with frustration, but I held back.
1.The first debate takes place on September 26.
takes place 发生；举行
The meeting takes place against a background of continuing political violence.
The action takes place on a steeply raked stage.
2.The subject of the debate was domestic policy.
domestic policy 国内政策
Tax reform has become the central pivot of their domestic policy.
In domestic policy, an organising principle directs the innovation.
首场辩论主要是民主党和共和党的总统候选人 。前国务卿希拉里·克林顿（Hillary Clinton）是民主党总统候选人，巨商唐纳德·川普（Donald Trump）是共和党总统候选人 。
其它党派的候选人将不会出席首场辩论 。前墨西哥州长加里·约翰逊（Gary Johnson)是自由党提名的总统候选人，而吉尔·斯坦（Jill Stein）则是绿党提名的总统候选人，他还是该党2012年大选的总统候选人 。
首场辩论的主持人是电视新闻主播莱斯特·霍尔特（Lester Holt） 。
首场辩论的时间为90分钟 。美国的发展方向、实现繁荣和保障美国安全是本场辩论的三项主题 。每项主题的辩论时间约30分钟 。
霍尔特将用一个问题引出每项主题，每位候选人的回答时间为2分钟 。候选人还会可以回应对方 。
美国总统辩论及电视直播辩论已有56年的历史 。1960年，共和党副总统理查德·尼克松(Richard Nixon)同与民主党参议员约翰·F·肯尼迪（John F. Kennedy）展开辩论 。
那次辩论的主题是国内政策 。他们讨论了教育、医疗、农业、经济、劳工和冷战等问题 。
1960年的这场辩论展示了电视是如何影响政治的 。在首场辩论中，广播的听众说尼克松赢了 。而电视观众却说肯尼迪表现更佳 。
观众之所以感受不同与两位总统候选人的穿着有关 。电视上的肯尼迪皮肤黝黑并年轻 。而尼克松身穿一件与电视演播室背景相似的灰色西装，当时的他刚病愈，脸色苍白并瘦削 。
1980年，吉米·卡特（Jimmy Carter）总统与挑战者罗纳德·里根（Ronald Reagan）进行辩论 。此前的民意调查显示卡特遥遥领先 。
然而，里根曾是一名演员，在演播室的镜头前泰然自若 。里根在辩论期间的的淡定帮他轻松赢得大选 。
1992年的辩论有三位总统候选人 。乔治·H.W·布什(George H.W. Bush)总统面临着比尔·克林顿（Bill Clinton）和罗斯·佩罗（Ross Perot）的挑战 。
辩论期间，布什看了一下手表 。有人认为布什此举是对辩论感到不耐烦的体现 。