VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):古农列尤择国家公园发展地热能提议被否
日期:2016-09-25 01:53

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Indonesia's Leuser Ecosystem is one of the few places where tigers, orangutans, elephants and rhinoceros all live in the wild.

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But there has been talk of possible development of the area for geothermal energy -- heat that comes from the Earth.

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Wildlife activists are worried about the plan.

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Rudi Putra is an adviser at the Leuser Conservation Forum.

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He asked, "Why do they want to build it inside Aceh's best remaining forest?" He believes that if the plan is approved, the area "will lose many, many animals."

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The Leuser ecosystem is in Aceh, Indonesia's westernmost province. Last month, the provincial governor asked the central government to change zoning laws for 8,000 hectares of the ecosystem to permit geothermal exploration.

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Under the plan, a Turkish company would explore part of the 800,000 hectare Gunnung Leuser National Park. The United Nations' Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has declared the park a World Heritage site.

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The re-zoning request was structured to help Indonesian President Joko Widodo. He has promised to add 35,000 Megawatts (MW) of electricity to Indonesia's energy grid by 2020. The plan is designed to increase renewable energy production.

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But environmentalists worry that such a development would start a series of events leading to Leuser's collapse. Once the destruction is started, they say, officials would be powerless to stop it.

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Farwiza Farhan leads a group called Forest, Nature and Environment of Aceh. She says "anywhere you put roads, destruction follows." She says timber companies and small farmers used the roads to gain entry to forests, leading to environmental destruction.

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"Right now it is geothermal, but what's next? Even now they can't protect Leuser," she said.

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Federal laws for protecting wildlife are in place. But in recent years, illegal development and logging has been a problem. Some observers say the ecosystem is shrinking by about 5,500 hectares a year.

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In Sumatra, logging and land development for farming has destroyed almost one fourth of the forests since 2000.

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Recently, the Indonesian environment ministry ruled on the Aceh provincial government's plan.

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The environmental group Mongabay says the ministry denied the request. The group said it learned about the decision last week during a meeting of the International Union for Conservation and Natural Resources (IUCN) in Hawaii.

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The minister's director for protected areas told Mongabay that the minister received the proposal. But "the result was disagreement with the rezoning, so that's that. The plan stops there," he said.

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I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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词汇解析

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1.orangutan 猩猩

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Orangutan mothers face up to eight years of single parenthood raising their infants.
猩猩母亲则要做长达八年的独自养育幼儿的单亲家长p54SWhpdQe

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2.rhinoceros 犀牛

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Contrary to its name, the black rhinoceros is actually grey in color.
有别于它的名字,黑犀牛事实上是灰色的IL]=BH=*j%a

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3.timber 木材,木料

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These Michigan woods have been exploited for timber since the Great Fire of Chicago.
自芝加哥大火灾之后,密歇根的森林一直被砍伐作木材用44R7rEow)O+3q|Z1W

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4.logging 伐木

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Logging companies would have to leave a central area of the forest before the end of the year.
伐木公司可能得于年底前在森林中留出一个中心地带;7W!Ubh.bC3Bb|

内容解析

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1.But environmentalists worry that such a development would start a series of events leading to Leuser's collapse.

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lead to 导致,通向

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Heart failure led to her father's death.
心力衰竭导致她父亲的死亡6zLaWgRroj
The street leads to the supermarket.
这条街通向超级市场Juf~%icX|]c[QE-4^

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2.She says timber companies and small farmers used the roads to gain entry to forests, leading to environmental destruction.

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entry to... 通向……的入口

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You should add an entry to this section.
你应该给这部分增加一个入口ne;]ME8nRxX=OP9_
In this process, the associated role is responsible for transforming its work products from the entry to the exit states.
在这个流程中,相关联的角色的职责是负责把它们的工作产品从入口状态转换到出口状态PM8l!KulF.K3QQpsns+n

参考译文

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印尼的列尤择生态系统是为数不多的兼容老虎、猩猩、大象、犀牛于一体的野生生态环境iqIro.]wn-boe~92
但近来有人提议要在该生态系统内发展地热能——来自地球的热源5!.IPCC7j]%[u
对此,野生动物活动家表示担忧TbvEYs%j&+f%b~,~AMdh
鲁迪是列尤择保护论坛的一位顾问N;G-gpo_kA
他就提出了这样一个问题,“他们为什么想在亚齐省仅存的野生森林里发展地热能呢?”鲁迪认为,如果该提议通过审批,那么这片区域会“失去很多很多珍奇物种”[_w=NfU6]u(RdI
列尤择生态系统位于亚齐这个印度最西面的省份Qehs_^G*YLQ_TB。上个月,亚齐省省长请求中央政府为这片8000多公顷的生态系统改变分区法,以便能够发展地热能hLveV8Kg@8XI

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该提议建议由土耳其某公司开采古农列尤择国家公园这80万公顷的部分土地i3~AtEOS=zSv17K。而联合国教科文组织(UNESCO)已宣布古农列尤择国家公园为世界遗产=+AR@J06-]~gpK&0^7
重新分区的这项申请是用以助力印尼总统佐科的R[&VJgyyOzpSd^D^S。佐科总统已承诺会在2020年之前为印尼电网新增3.5万兆瓦的电能_xRhJm-.)i7HoQsx。而该提议的目的就是增加印尼的可再生能源产量=_s7kEzmcN~=03_0o2
但很多环保人士担心这样的开发举动会引起一系列事件,最终导致古农列尤择生态体系的崩塌bh(Uiefio-!Bbs;。他们认为,一旦破坏开始,谁都无力回天rN(Wb!05~eD^1Hbc]5
法尔汉是亚齐省森林自然环境组织的负责人iuXQIx-7#~yz&~,Eki。她表示,“只要铺路,破坏就会随之而来”9W7_N@KwwiYoBZgx4=。她还说,木材公司以及小农场主都会走公路进入森林,并会导致环境破坏4rDYjtwN+3n28tMR
她说,“现在要搞地热呢?下一步又会是什么呢?即便是现在,他们都保护不了古农列尤择”+D-YKRkEBP@p
保护野生动物的联邦法规已经出台,但近年来,非法开采和伐木行为依然是个问题PtUF)mtln~;6ub。一些观察家表示,古农列尤择生态体系正以每年5500公顷的速度缩减0l=.*]y)(9QiqJr3cL7q
自2000年以来,苏门答腊岛的伐木和土地开发行为已经破坏了四分之一的森林LZ-27#X5pvm.a2m
近来,印尼环境部队亚齐省的提议申请作出了批复oCW*2@8EDhX8MQA1F
环保组织Mongabay称,印尼环境部否决了这一提议L=a]#xiWB1tQ4@kVS。该组织称其是在夏威夷举行的世界自然保护联盟会议上得知这一决定的RkYmR=6DhOK#**FY
环境部保护区域的负责人告诉Mongabay组织,部长收到了该提议=(vDhzN_hrdJ[Tw。但“决议结果不支持重新分区,所以这就是结果g^-Nhk-#jj。该提议不得不叫停”7.xFjBMgZcUND@
感谢收听为您播报的VOA慢速新闻]q=id_E5Oa(2

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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