Study: 100,000 Deaths From Indonesia's Haze
Researchers say a thick haze caused by man-made forest fires in Indonesia is the likely cause of more than 100,000 deaths.
The pollution also has been blamed for deaths in nearby Malaysia and Singapore. The haze has hurt relations between Indonesia and its neighbors.
Scientists from Harvard and Columbia Universities used a complex method to estimate the number of deaths from the haze. The number of deaths is far greater than the Indonesian government's official number of 19 deaths.
Researchers estimated there were 91,600 deaths in Indonesia, 6,500 deaths in Malaysia and 2,200 in Singapore.
The fires in Indonesia last year were the worst since 1997.
Each year, fires are set in Indonesia's forests and in peat areas. Peat is a collection of dead plants. Burning is a fast and low-cost way to clear peat areas and land for palm oil and pulpwood production.
Rajasekhar Bals is an environmental engineering expert at the National University of Singapore. He told the Associated Press the study could be a "wake-up call" for Indonesia. He added that the country should take action to stop the fires. Bals said there must be cooperation throughout the area to deal with public health problems caused by the fires.
The activist group, Greenpeace, said the study is "groundbreaking." The organization known for protecting the environment also cautioned that the new numbers represent a "conservative estimate."
The study did not include the impact the haze has on children and future generations.
Nursyam Ibrahim is from the Indonesian Medical Association's West Kalimantan chapter. He told the media how Indonesian health workers have been overworked by the haze.
The study is to be published in the journal Environmental Research Letters.
I'm Caty Weaver.
Man-made and natural disasters have disrupted the Government's economic plans.
2.take action to 采取...措施
We had to take action to protect the proprietary technology.
3.palm oil 棕榈油
The study analyses biodiversity within and around palm oil plantations.
They wanted a low-cost, docile workforce.
1.Each year, fires are set in Indonesia's forests and in peat areas.
peat area 泥炭地
The content of organic matter and humic acid are high while the content of ash is low in peat in this area.
Northeastern China is located in one of the sensitizing ranges on the earth, so peat bog study of this area is more remarkable.
2.He told the Associated Press the study could be a "wake-up call" for Indonesia.
wake-up call 警钟；叫醒服务
This was a wake-up call for me.
Like all crises, this one is a wake-up call.
烟霾还是导致马来西亚和新加坡民众死亡的罪魁祸首 。因此，印尼与邻国的关系不断恶化 。
哈佛大学与哥伦比亚大学的科学家们采用复合型方法统计烟霾所造成的死亡人数 。统计结果远超印尼政府公布的仅19人死亡的数据 。
每年，印尼的森林及泥炭地都会发生火灾 。植物腐朽后堆积形成泥炭 。焚烧是清理土地以种植生产棕榈油、纸制品作物的一种快速、低成本方式 。
巴尔斯（Rajasekhar Bals）是新加坡国立大学的环境工程专家 。他对美联社表示，这一研究为印尼“敲响了警钟” 。他还表示，印尼政府应采取措施制止森林纵火的行为 。巴尔斯说，邻近该区域的国家应合作解决因火灾引发的公众健康隐患 。
民间环保组织“绿色和平”（Greenpeace）表示，该研究颇具“开创意义” 。“绿色和平”组织致力于环境保护，并指出最新死亡数据只是“保守估计” 。
易卜拉欣（Nursyam Ibrahim）来自印尼医学协会西加里曼丹分会 。他对媒体表示，印尼的医疗人员因烟霾而超负荷工作 。