VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):加州将公投是否废除死刑
日期:2016-09-20 19:12

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Californians to Vote on Ending Death Penalty
Californians will vote in November on whether to stop using execution as a form of punishment, or reform the legal process leading up to the death sentence.
The state of California currently has about 750 people on death row. A lot of them were sentenced to die many years ago, but their cases are still being appealed in the courts.
Death penalty process broken
Activists on both sides of the issue agree that the current system needs to be fixed. Two competing ballot measures attempt to do this.
Proposition 62 would permanently abolish the death penalty in California. If it became law, death row prisoners would have their sentences changed to life in prison with no possibility of being released.
Proposition 66 would try to speed up executions by reforming parts of the appeals process. The changes would set time limits on court appeals and make more lawyers available to dispute death penalty rulings.
Paula Mitchell is with Loyola Law School in Los Angeles, California. She says Californians have spent way too much on executions since the state brought back the death penalty in 1978.
Billions spent since 1978
"California taxpayers have spent $5 billion. The state has executed 13 people. Roughly 100 have died on death row before their appeals were finished or before the state could execute them."
Actor and activist Mike Farrell says the death penalty has killed innocent people. He claims it is used only against poor people and the poorly defended. "It entraps and kills the innocent. There is simply, in my view, no justice and no justification for it."
Former football player Kermit Alexander supports capital punishment. His mother, sister and two nephews were murdered in Los Angeles in 1984. But Alexander said he believes it should only be for justice, not revenge. The man found guilty of killing his family is still on death row, waiting in jail after more than 30 years.
In addition to California, 30 other American states have the death penalty. But it is rarely carried out in the United States.
Sharp decline in U.S. executions
The rate of U.S. executions has fallen sharply over the past seven years. In 2009, 52 executions were carried out, according to the Washington D.C.-based Death Penalty Information Center. In 2015, there were 28 executions. This year, there have been 15.
Many government lawyers say the punishment should be kept for people who carry out the very worst crimes.
Mike Hestrin is District Attorney for Riverside County, California. "I think it is a tool that we prosecutors need, and that the justice system needs, in order to appropriately punish people that commit outrageous and heinous crimes.
Hestrin added that executions are also a way for society to express anger at the crimes committed.
Critics like Mike Farrell note that the United States is one of only a few democratic nations to keep the death penalty. "I think it corrupts the society. And I think it demeans us as people."
Californians will vote on the issue November 8.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.Death Penalty 死刑

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If convicted for murder, both youngsters could face the death penalty.
如果谋杀罪名成立,这两个年轻人都可能会被判处死刑F-x%m9Zw7Gu6i

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2.carry out 实施

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The Social Democrats could still carry out their threat to leave the government
社会民主党人仍有可能将其退出政府的威胁付诸实施1w9G#w*LcDU=!

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3.death row 死囚牢房;死刑犯

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He has been on Death Row for 11 years.
他已经在死囚区关了11年)4F,4NPp.bv

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4.death sentence 死刑判决

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His original death sentence was commuted to life in prison.
他最初的死刑被减为终身监禁Yok5W|PIaSXhn

内容解析

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1.Californians will vote in November on whether to stop using execution as a form of punishment, or reform the legal process leading up to the death sentence.

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lead up to 导致;作为...的准备

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You'll be able to lead up to excellence in life.
你的生命一定会走向卓越dy*N.h&f%tCpPTF
The first chapter of the book describes the events that lead up to?
这本书的第一章描写了导致战争的那些事件7Vl3ZP(nf@8rcsli

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2.In addition to California, 30 other American states have the death penalty.

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In addition to 除...之外

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In addition to the tractor, we have acquired a new rice transplanter.
除了拖拉机,我们又添了一台插秧机RA6v)Iv0oK+
In addition to my weekly wage, I got a lot of tips.
除了每周的薪水外,我还能得到不少小费5OAKIZNEoxp

参考译文

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加州将公投是否废除死刑
加州将在11月份进行投票,决定是否废除死刑,或对死刑判决的法律程序进行改革RSV%+Xlby,759vWz1-=#
加州现存死囚约750名yI0q9K6DwfP6sNy。其中大多数人很多年前就被判处死刑,但是他们仍在向法院提起上诉[dQu!,aZ3wnb+HB,l9G]
死刑过程被分裂
对此,持不同意见的两方都认为现有的判决体系需要改革00CaiMsuG!。两派民众进行投票表决也是为了这一目的kQXJ)^!Lz(~VT
《62号提案》建议永久取消加利福尼亚州的死刑]s#y9F|0rFf+Sk!。如果该提案通过,死囚的判决将改为终身监禁,即没有释放的可能性U#PM,Bbnem^PBdar
《66号提案》建议通过改革部分申诉流程来加快死刑的执行周期w||Z&c6yVD)g_uS.h66I。该变革限制了向法院上诉的时间,让更多律师参与到死刑判决的讨论中hWKxXxFt;dy@|r^;Qb07

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加州投票废除死刑.jpg
保拉·米切尔(Paula Mitchell)是加州洛杉矶洛约拉法学院的一名学生[0[!cKd-j5l。她表示,自1978年恢复死刑以来,加州在死刑处决上花费太多8fC+5LIV@j0mrmt
1978年以来耗资数十亿美元
“加州公民为了死刑“破费”50亿美元efNM[&asfpf*。国家总共处决了13名囚犯Xbi8s*FO(uMOq)V。约100人没等到上诉受理或政府处决就已经命丧牢房了H+FRz8K;p1kIcWXnlQr。“
演员兼社会活动家迈克·法雷尔(Mike Farrell)表示,死刑残害无辜之人性命s^^j8+T!OB。他声称这只是针对那些穷人和没有势力的人6M-&VVo7w4myP。“它欺骗并杀害无辜人士0~r+lO^HPG。在我看来,死刑既不公正也不合理HR%28dra;8va。”
前足球运动员亚历山大·克米特(Kermit Alexander)支持死刑]vK6bMJ5QAAC+NcosGc。1984年,他的母亲、姐姐和两个侄子在洛杉矶被人杀害BMZ!iFCXF6u!A55+cl5b。然而,亚历山大表示,死刑应该只用来维护正义,而不是复仇GNk+Nm422MVOx4。杀害他家人的凶手现仍在死牢里,已经在监狱里呆了30余年ZTRyVOIww-KVpWFvP
除加州外,美国还有30个州保留死刑-7;ZahIFsO。但美国很少执行死刑AO;Z3veLGxTbc.322.)
美国执行死刑的案例锐减
7年来,美国死刑处决率已大幅减少mXtf_poZYw6。华盛顿特区的死刑信息中心表示,2009年共执行了52起死刑S(Se2IPB4wN。而2015年仅执行了28起9u462gX([z;0Z5!w~&1d。今年已执行了15次起%+*wb|8kLh2D[zSrF0
多位政府律师表示,应该对犯下重大罪行的犯人执行死刑WSuTYng9+-*Wrd_F
迈克·何思成(Mike Hestrin)是加利福尼亚州河滨县的检察官u(N.THzk)xz。 “我认为死刑既是检察官需要的审判工具,也是司法系统惩罚那些犯下滔天罪行的犯人的方式+g3|dHh7Iay#0L
何思成补充说,死刑同样是社会对犯罪的一种愤怒宣泄Pl*%TKLI[8S
迈克·法雷尔(Mike Farrell)等评论家指出,美国是仅有几个保留死刑的民主国家之一S&Wwtbi@4(=C。 “我认为死刑会导致社会腐败5d%p;WdX0=pBi[*p(W。而且降低了我们人类的身份kAP|jDxrU&QN。”
加州将在11月8日进行投票V=POin_EvDCx.5[DU
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • excellencen. 优秀,卓越,优点
  • penaltyn. 处罚,惩罚
  • committedadj. 献身于某种事业的,委托的
  • guiltyadj. 有罪的,内疚的
  • innocentadj. 清白的,无辜的,无害的,天真纯洁的,无知的
  • originaladj. 最初的,原始的,有独创性的,原版的 n. 原件
  • reformv. 改革,改造,革新 n. 改革,改良
  • tractorn. 拖拉机,牵引车 n. 螺旋桨飞机