VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国总统候选人应透露多少病史?
日期:2016-09-19 11:16

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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How Much Medical Information Must Presidential Candidates Release?
Recent stories about American presidential candidates have raised questions about how much candidates should say about their medical history while running for office.
In the United States, no law requires presidential candidates or presidents to release medical records or information about their health to the public. But one recent study of likely voters found that 86 percent of those questioned said a candidate's health is important to their vote.
Most presidential candidates are over age 50. This issue affects somewhat younger candidates, too.
John F. Kennedy was the youngest person to be elected U.S. president. He was 43 years old when he won the election of 1960. Kennedy had Addison's disease and back pain that were treated with drugs before he was elected. This information was not released to the public.
In 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt was elected president with a clear disability: He had polio. Few photographs survived of Roosevelt sitting in his wheelchair. Late in his presidency, he also suffered from heart disease. The public never heard about his heart problems until Roosevelt died, just months into his fourth term in office.
The U.S. Constitution is clear that once a president has died, the vice president takes office. But questions have arisen throughout American history about what happens when a president is unable to carry out his or her duties, like when under anesthesia. Or the president could be in a coma and unable to communicate.
Following Kennedy's death, Congress passed the 25th Amendment to the constitution. That amendment states, in part, that when a president is incapacitated, the vice president and members of the president's cabinet can act. They can make a formal declaration to the leaders of the Senate and House that the president is unable to carry out his duties.
The vice president then immediately can act for the president.
But the amendment has never been used, even when former President Ronald Reagan was shot in 1981.
President Barack Obama has released reports of his physical examinations periodically throughout his presidency and once during his campaign. He was not legally required to do so. This move has become a tradition for presidents in the years since the passing of the 25th Amendment.
In 2008, Obama defeated U.S. Senator John McCain for the presidency. During the election campaign, McCain released more than 1,000 pages of his medical records to the public. McCain was 72 years old at the time.
I'm Bryan Lynn.

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词汇解析

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1.presidential candidates 总统候选人

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The presidential candidates went for each other in the papers.
总统候选人在报上相互攻讦FP=b5y!IR&],ceyMkOEC

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2.medical records 医疗记录

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More than one-third of the population of the Netherlands have their medical records computerised.
荷兰三分之一以上人口的病历已存入计算机r4]WB3tsBCaC;7@GG

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3.heart disease 心脏疾病

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There's a high incidence of heart disease there.
那个地方心脏病的发病率很高wannO(C)H*3

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4.in office 执政;在位

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The company continued him in office for another year.
公司留他继续任职了一年GpV0[#;JO9*;(W

内容解析

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1.Late in his presidency, he also suffered from heart disease.

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suffered from 经历;饱受

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I merely told him that I suffered from nightmares.
我只告诉他我做恶梦很痛苦9Z&CJ=PjvA(c
Most parts of African countries have suffered from drought in recent years.
近几年来非洲大部分地区都久旱无雨ATe2tIv4]70GH]

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2.But questions have arisen throughout American history about what happens when a president is unable to carry out his or her duties, like when under anesthesia.

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carry out 实施;履行

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He would let her manage everything and carry out all her notions.
他会让她安排一切,实现她所有的想法R|g#08d9)5%.IZN6WLqE
He hasn't the funds to carry out his design.
他没有资金来施行他的计划YvHQZr!GKM

参考译文

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美国总统候选人应透露多少病史?
近期,美国总统候选人患病一事不禁让人们产生疑问:竞选时,候选人应该透露多少病史V8diWjy_]FN2Nfs
其实,美国法律并没有要求总统(总统候选人)公开个人医疗记录或医疗信息F4SQ+#R|YdR1TO&#s&。但最近一项民意调查显示,86%的人认为,总统候选人的健康状况是选民投票的关键因素h24o.C.h+;&
多数总统候选人已年逾50sF))uF9|9h@。这个问题同样困扰着一些年轻的候选人,S-3(*S)PV~pdE

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美国总统候选人应透露多少病史.jpg
肯尼迪是史上最年轻的美国总统bFJfYVE.tR。1960年,年仅43岁的他在大选中获胜MT8|ca6RivqC。然而,在当选前,肯尼迪曾因阿狄森氏病和背部疼痛接受药物治疗CC|4V(]lbS%0~nnm(JcP。但该信息未向告知公众U-V&!tJ)FJ8o=G;HdO|n
1932年,身体存在明显残疾的富兰克林·罗斯福当选美国总统:他是小儿麻痹症患者Y+MkUAttR.Yr7@T。现仍存有几张罗斯福坐在轮椅上的照片5AlvAf.tQ1Q*PA]o&p。总统任期结束时,他还饱受心脏病的困扰vLecA@(Z9wTc[。第四个任期开始没几个月,罗斯福就去世了,公众才知晓他患有严重的心脏病@7KFuCga3Pq|=Nx
美国宪法明确规定,若总统去世,副总统立即接任t.a(2#wa%EY。历来,全美上下都在为一个问题所苦恼:若总统因昏迷不醒而无法履行其总统职责时该怎么办G164)SsdT-amr]SQMoxo
肯尼迪离世后,国会通过了第25次宪法修正案jOAAb-Y^lQXwlDFA。该修正案规定,从某种程度上讲,当总统无法履行职务时,副总统及总统内阁的成员可代为执政R(2(+|NNL~v。他们可以就总统无法履行其职责向参议院和众议院提交一份正式声明1s;JLp&n+lp
之后副总统可就任总统一职([mmxkOp76h
然而,即使1981年的里根总统被枪杀,该修正案也从未被启用过IJ=YBylQ6|
奥巴马总统在任期时会定期发布其体检报告,他在竞选期间也发布过一次jByBSw*5[9G5Nog_-)。虽然并没有法律规定要这样做1C0;*1r~6DOpX。第25次修正案以来,这一举动成为总统的一项传统r^G=JcmiX@FdZ
2008年,奥巴马战胜参议员约翰·麦凯恩当选美国总统ky-64G]Ri=+=HX*8,W。在竞选过程中,麦凯恩向公众公布了1000多页个人病历J90YxMG!)s9H211&|(@o。当时的麦凯恩已经72岁x*IepS8I8;PUgwBs
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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