VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):世卫:寨卡病毒再蔓延 东南亚严阵以待
日期:2016-09-13 14:33

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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WHO Concerned About Zika's Spread in Southeast Asia
The World Health Organization is increasingly concerned about the spread of the Zika virus in Southeast Asia.
The United Nations organization is worried the virus, which is carried by mosquitos, could affect local populations in the area.
Roderico Ofrin is the WHO regional emergencies director for Southeast Asia. He said countries need to carry out, in his words, "effective surveillance and reporting systems" to closely observe the disease's spread.
"WHO is working with countries across the South East Asia region to continue to prevent, detect and respond to Zika virus transmission," Ofrin said in an email to VOA.
He said the plan to deal with the disease places importance on limiting the spread of the disease and strengthening Zika virus and birth-defect surveillance.
He added that increasing the abilities of laboratories to test for the disease and increasing communication with communities were also important.
What is Zika?
Zika is blamed for causing the birth defect microcephaly, which can cause babies to be born with unusually small heads and possible brain damage.
So far, South America has suffered the most from the Zika virus. Brazil has reported hundreds of cases of microcephaly since the outbreak started there in 2015.
Now, the medical journal The Lancet Infectious Diseases has identified China, India, Indonesia, the Philippines and Thailand as high-risk countries.
The medical publication also said that Africa south of the Sahara Desert faced increased risk because of its historical ties with Brazil.
It warned that an estimated 2.6 billion people live in places where conditions for the spread of the virus exist. Pregnant women are most at risk.
Health officials say the virus also is spread through sexual contact, blood transfusions and from mother to child.
The Zika virus also has been linked to nerve damage that can result in weakened muscles and paralysis known as Guillain-Barre syndrome.
Zika in Southeast Asia
Southeast Asian governments have increased efforts to find evidence of the virus.
They have also sprayed chemicals in places where mosquitos breed.
However, Singapore has reported more than 240 cases. Malaysia and Thailand also have reported cases of infection, and the United States, Britain, Australia and Taiwan have given travel warnings for pregnant women.
Singapore's Ministry of Health and National Environment Agency reported that the Zika virus affecting its community came from Asia. It said it did not come from Brazil.
Local news agencies in Thailand reported comments of a top official in the ministry of Public Health's Department of Disease Control. The official said Zika has not become a serious outbreak in the country.
However, Thai Public Health Ministry officials say two women in the San Sai district of the city of Chiang Mai are being closely watched.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.Southeast Asia 东南亚

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Heath was acute in his assessment of Southeast Asia and the Middle East.
希思深刻地分析了东南亚和中东局势81@G%@^%+_2#A7x

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2.brain damage 脑损伤

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Severe injuries to the head may cause more serious brain damage.
头部重度的外伤能造成较重的脑损伤GEs9pCN1_U)mr

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3.sexual contact 性接触

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Unsafe injections and sexual contact can also spread the virus.
不安全注射和性接触也可以传播病毒x3V)5e1,2ln0_mTeC

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4.nerve damage 神经损伤

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I got nerve damage and stuff like that.
我受了神经受损之类的伤j7f^|uHM@O

内容解析

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1.He said the plan to deal with the disease places importance on limiting the spread of the disease and strengthening Zika virus and birth-defect surveillance.

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deal with 处理

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I have no way yet as to deal with such a complicated situation.
这样复杂的局面该怎么应付我还没谱儿呢RltRAz)FSKH2*T6d*6E
Imperical edicts could deal with very varied matters.
皇帝的诏节涉及各个方面的事物t_=],lqq@v%!1)u]^p

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2.He said countries need to carry out, in his words, "effective surveillance and reporting systems" to closely observe the disease's spread.

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carry out 实施;执行

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No matter what we do, we must carry out our duties.
无论干什么工作,我们都应履行自己的职责.
He hasn't the funds to carry out his design.
他没有资金来施行他的计划-(8~,na[Rd[

参考译文

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世卫:寨卡病毒再蔓延 东南亚严阵以待
世卫组织越来越忧心寨卡病毒在东南亚的蔓延b3&APou9!wF8xpx
联合国组织担心蚊虫携带的寨卡病毒可能会波及东南亚地区的居民by_i_pm;uEg
奥弗林(Roderico Ofrin)是世卫组织东南亚地区紧急事务所的负责人1JyHZ^^qt9C。他说,各国需实施“有效的监管和报告制度”严阵以待寨卡病毒的传播,wFVnhh|SNqa!e@
奥弗林通过电子邮件向美国之音表示,“世卫组织正与东南亚各国一道继续预防、监测及应对寨卡病毒的传播+F1WR,1]3Wk~&。”
他说,应对方案在限制寨卡病毒传播、加强寨卡病毒和出生缺陷的监测方面具有重要意义~.q_inW3N86_ef
他还表示,提升实验室检测寨卡病毒的能力和加强社区间的交流也非常重要qt(RGf.%8,~V^1rL|

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寨卡病毒在东南亚传播.jpg
何谓寨卡病毒?
寨卡病毒会导致新生儿出现小脑症,存在该缺陷的婴儿出生时头部异常小且可能存在脑损伤kAh7_@V|Re5PgIj
目前,寨卡病毒在南美的传播最为严重P*_]YCeZiXxF1_,+Tn。自2015年寨卡疫情暴发以来,巴西先后出现了数百起小脑症病例..v*UUb[tr56XC8g^8
而今,《柳叶刀传染病》医学杂志已将中国、印度、印尼、菲律宾和泰国列为病毒传播高风险国家cYlx+Wf_GsM7bA
医学杂志还指出,撒哈拉沙漠以南的非洲地区因与巴西的历史关系而面临着日益加剧的风险eZhbsxNfUQahj4
据该杂志预计,约26亿人居住在适合病毒传播的地区P9Ru!m-0SAea。而孕妇被感染的风险最大p9xFNr2)G#8!
卫生部官员表示,寨卡病毒还会通过性接触、输血及母婴等方式传播x#Izn^q|_cLegXPem
寨卡病毒还与神经损伤有关,这种被称为“格林巴利综合症”的疾病会导致肌无力和麻痹&~Jy*)eLOOtaBfFO
寨卡病毒在东南亚
东南亚各国已加大力度寻找寨卡病毒的迹象9_-I7&LuiP
他们还在蚊子繁衍地段喷洒化学药剂UHZewFKGL.
然而,新加坡已经出现了240多起病例A5_MG7+VDq-6u7s。马来西亚和泰国也先后出现感染病例g@%lm(Whm[。美国、英国、澳大利亚以及中国台湾地区已经公布了针对孕妇的旅行警告uqe~mdZ+0N*FztW+4Ea
新加坡卫生部和新加坡国家环境局报告称,本国的寨卡病毒来自于亚洲SNrPp_KY-tfDq+。报告还指出病毒并非来自巴西X,rfCYmur#hKqnd
泰国当地新闻机构报道了公共卫生部疾病控制部一位高官的言论#SvAQdaOu^_8k。这位官员表示,寨卡尚未在泰国引发严重疫情;-j*LZSv_VMI4aUz^KUI
然而,泰国公共卫生部官员表示,清迈市讪赛(San Sai)区的两名女性正在接受严密监视C6qOkdBBnt,
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • variedadj. 各种各样的 动词vary的过去式和过去分词
  • fundsn. 基金;资金,现金(fund的复数) v. 提供资金
  • infectionn. 传染,影响,传染病
  • effectiveadj. 有效的,有影响的
  • complicatedadj. 复杂的,难懂的 动词complicate的过去
  • assessmentn. 估价,评估
  • lancetn. [医]柳叶刀,[建]尖顶窗
  • respondv. 回答,答复,反应,反响,响应 n. [建]壁
  • evidencen. 根据,证据 v. 证实,证明