VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):盗猎现象屡禁不止 非洲大象数量锐减
日期:2016-09-08 11:41

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Study: Elephants Disappearing from Parts of Africa
The number of elephants living in Africa continues to drop.
A survey reporting on elephant counts was released last week. It shows the future of the species is in trouble.
Elephants are facing extinction in parts of the Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Zambia, according to the Great Elephant Census (GEC).
The study estimated a population of 352,271 elephants in the 18 countries surveyed. That is a drop of nearly 150,000 elephants since 2007. The researchers say the population has been falling by about 8 percent each year.
The GEC points out one large reason for the decrease in the elephant population. Ivory poaching has led to the lower numbers of elephants in most of the countries surveyed.
Even more troubling is where the dead elephants are being killed. The study reported a high number of carcasses - around 12 for every 100 live elephants – are being found on protected grounds. This number was highest in Cameroon.
There, 83 carcasses were found for every 100 live elephants. Many of the elephants were victims of killing by poachers for their ivory.
Many of these protected areas for wildlife are located on Africa's savannahs. Savannahs are large flat areas of land with grass and very few trees.
The GEC was started in 2014. Its job is to monitor savannah elephants across Africa. All other studies and counts of elephants before this survey were estimates.
The survey was conducted by air. Researchers in dozens of airplanes counted the animals as they flew over the groups of elephants.
The census also used video cameras to help count the elephants.
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词汇解析

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1.in trouble ...处于不幸

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I didn't think to land myself in trouble.
我没想到会使自己陷入困境R2(*!SQqohWQ!B]g]g#

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2.Ivory poaching 象牙偷猎

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As a consequence of illegal ivory poaching, elephant numbers are dwindling in many west, central and east African countries.
象牙非法偷猎导致西非、中非和东非很多国家非洲象数量下降3U5;OP#Z*qi9YCxF7C

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3.led to 导致

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A series of corruption scandals led to the fall of the government.
一系列贪污腐化事件激起民愤导致政府垮台ft%0j00Wa%VT5

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4.dozens of 许多;几十

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The tornado claimed dozens of lives.
那场龙卷风夺去了几十条人命5BzQc6=|,7WjkfY%O

内容解析

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1.Elephants are facing extinction in parts of the Republic of Congo, Cameroon and Zambia, according to the Great Elephant Census (GEC).

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according to 通过

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According to the act of grace, many prisoners are set free.
按照大赦令,很多囚犯获得释放kbuem83fX^L
According to the news report, A Lishan has snowed heavily last night.
据新闻报导,昨晚阿里山下了大雪T,6W.m7m!Z]k

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2.The GEC points out one large reason for the decrease in the elephant population.

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points out 指出

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Pickering whispers to Eliza and points out the ladies'room.
辟克林对伊莉莎小声说话,指给她女客衣帽间7(|IfVFwjyM
He points out the animals have certainly have time to adjust for people.
他还指出动物们肯定有的是时间为人类而调整自己WA[KAPA56^ZffU(fJp

参考译文

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盗猎现象屡禁不止 非洲大象数量锐减
非洲地区的大象数量正在持续减少5rs)W7s&!u,E
上周,一份关于大象数量的调查报告出炉ROkGp0QtMCu%g#R;uF。报告显示,未来大象种群的处境令人担忧FhkD&2iu(AQyUg&
据“大象普查”(GEC)报告的数据显示,在刚果民主共和国、喀麦隆和赞比亚的部分地区,大象种群濒临灭绝Yk]MK-fp;nX]P*@r@
该报告对18个国家的352271头大象作出评估U~kf3nuEEr7。2007年之后,大象数量已减少了近15万头AuRgqCx8fd4Jr。研究人员称大象数量每年以8%的速度减少EmE-AMl68zCS

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大象被猎杀.jpg
GEC报告对大象数量锐减的主因作出解释ZdJaZ#M|on*zY。在受访的大多数国家中,象牙盗猎成为大象数量锐减的根本原因DSp5WRP1CrqcfolpD
更让人费解的是大象被猎杀的地点I&&%RlvS%h。报告显示多数大象尸体(每100头大象中就有12头大象死亡)是在保护区被发现的-g1W!;@#.GX;Nd4pI。该现象在喀麦隆最为严重sP6ygt_2mZ3d5y.Cwe
在喀麦隆,每100头活大象中约83头死亡c1reg8uRab2q]u_m。多数大象皆因偷猎者想要偷盗象牙而被杀害CU|AnMO;o#
非洲的稀树草原上有很多野生动物保护区eibSNWOPPJHevhp。稀树草原是一片广袤的只有稀疏几棵树的草原,l3#iy!pg!Wl=|47P&Z
2014年,GEC才成立iypLuPhckIMog[M6,。其职责就是侦查生活在非洲稀树草原上的大象25ej%71LZfZP7。该调查报告未发布之前,所有关于大象的研究和数量都是预估的7fD3S^7*h+Strc9!z4
该调查是在空中进行的9|kHBhk-4e37。研究人员分别乘坐几十架飞机,在空中观察大象的数量wNR!yWV!]WYU%
他们还利用摄像机清查大象1_][E0~tu8~K1OdFQ&J@
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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