VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):移民政策成特朗普竞选首要议题
日期:2016-09-07 16:34

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Trump Making Immigration His Top Issue
Donald Trump is making America's immigration policy the top issue of his presidential campaign.
At a speech on Wednesday, Trump said illegal immigrants are responsible for many violent crimes. And he said they represent a terrorism threat to the United States.
Trump told a crowd in Arizona that illegal immigration is also an economic threat. He said it can cost Americans jobs or force them to work for lower wages.
Trump, a New York businessman, is the Republican Party's candidate for the presidency. The candidate of the Democratic Party is Hillary Clinton, a former secretary of state, senator and the wife of former President Bill Clinton. The U.S. presidential election is November 8.
Some observers expected Trump to moderate some of the positions on immigration during the Arizona speech. But that did not happen.
Trump called for a tripling of immigration agents to enforce immigration laws and remove illegal immigrants with criminal records. And he repeated his call for building a wall along the U.S. border with Mexico.
‘They Don't Know It Yet'
"We will build a great wall along the southern border," Trump said. "And Mexico will pay for the wall. One hundred percent. They don't know it yet, but they're going to pay for it."
Hillary Clinton opposes a border wall. Clinton has said she will push a bill in Congress to give immigrants without legal documentation a path toward citizenship.
Stephen Brooks is with the Ray C. Bliss Institute of Applied Politics at the University of Akron in Ohio.
He said Trump continues to appeal to voters who worry that a long-time goal of many Americans is no longer possible for them and their families. That goal is to hand down a better life for their children.
"Many believe that is out of reach and they blame -- whether fairly or not -- immigration and trade," Brooks said.
Many of these voters are white men, Brooks said. Many live in areas where factories that produced clothing, steel and other products are gone. So are the high-paying jobs those businesses provided.
White, working-class voters helped Trump surprise the experts and defeat 16 other candidates for the Republican presidential nomination.
Trump's problem is that these voters may not be enough to win a general election, with an increasingly diverse group of voters, Brooks said.
More Hispanic Voters
In 2012, 71 percent of Hispanic voters chose President Barack Obama over his Republican opponent, Mitt Romney. A public opinion survey in July found that 82 percent of Hispanic voters have an unfavorable view of Trump.
Jacob Monty is an immigration lawyer from Texas. He served on the National Hispanic Advisory Committee for Donald Trump. Monty resigned from the committee after the Arizona speech. He said the candidate's immigration positions did not match what Trump told him and other committee members.
"It's a sad day because I am no fan of Hillary Clinton," Monty told television broadcaster MSNBC.
A record 27.3 million Hispanics have the legal right to vote, according to the Pew Research Center.
Brooks said Trump is also having trouble with many white college graduates, especially women, who consider Trump's message too divisive.
Just hours before his speech, Trump traveled to Mexico City to meet with Mexican President (Enrique) Pe?a Nieto. The candidate used diplomatic language, saying a Trump administration would work together with Mexican leaders to secure the U.S.-Mexico border.
When he first announced his candidacy in June 2015, Trump said Mexico was sending people "bringing drugs," "bringing crime" and "rapists."
'Spectacular, Spectacular Hard-Working Poeple'
In Mexico City, Trump said Mexican-Americans are "spectacular, spectacular hard-working people."
David Damore teaches political science at the University of Nevada, Las Vegas. He said it almost seemed as if there were "two Donald Trumps" speaking on Wednesday.
For the Mexico trip, Damore said, it was Trump being civil and reaching out to an important U.S. ally. But in the Arizona speech, Trump sent a strong message to his supporters that he is not backing down from strong immigration policies and tough language, Damore said.
Writer and political commentator Ann Coulter had expressed concern that Trump was no longer calling for tough policies against illegal immigration. But she praised him after the Arizona speech.
"I hear (former British Prime Minister Winston) Churchill had a nice turn of phrase, but Trump's immigration speech is the most magnificent speech ever given," she wrote on Twitter.
But Damore and Brooks said the language Trump used in his Phoenix speech turns off many wealthy and well-educated white voters.
I'm Bruce Alpert.

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词汇解析

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1.hard-working 勤勉的

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He' s hard-working, but not very clever.
他很努力, 却不大聪明v|#%fA6(D403

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2.reach out 伸出

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We must reach out to those in need.
我们应该伸出援助之手, 帮助有困难的人!BRQXDeO|Xjil

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3.back down 放弃;让步

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The speaker's forceful words persuaded his opponents to back down.
演讲者雄辩的言辞说得他的对手退让了8dLN^ATL-MiD!OMSEkO

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4.well-educated 受过良好教育的

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The gentleman was well-educated, and elegant.
这位先生受过良好的教育,气度高雅!%UYiir(Mw

内容解析

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1.But Damore and Brooks said the language Trump used in his Phoenix speech turns off many wealthy and well-educated white voters.

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turn off 关掉

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He puts out his hand to turn off the light.
他伸手去关灯VZKgJE(nRdPpGnW62[
Turn off the lights when you go out of the room.
离开房间时关上灯Q01C%P4Km-c#]8R

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2.That goal is to hand down a better life for their children.

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hand down 传承下去

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Most of my clothes were handed down to me by my older brother.
我的衣服大多是我哥哥传给我的tbN&Ffr7G;hHB
The board of directors will hand down its decision on Monday.
董事会在星期一将会下达它的决定N.6q]fQ@_9THA8

参考译文

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移民政策成特朗普竞选首要议题
唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)将美国的移民政策作为总统竞选中的首要议题rfM*f=qTsa6
在周三的讲话中特朗普表示,多数暴力犯罪都是非法移民所为e#Nwm;5nYxqs-,JMZyV。他还表示,非法移民是美国的一种恐怖主义威胁~P@P6S7%rg=r1
特朗普在亚利桑那州对民众喊话称,非法移民还是一种经济威胁jf&gk*,+1!~t|iiy&。他说,这些移民会导致美国人丧失就业机会或被迫接受更低的薪水YcO^RsOMx6u
纽约商人特朗普是共和党总统候选人(=I#FByAhhdy6。而民主党总统候选人是希拉里·克林顿(Hillary Clinton),她是前国务卿、参议员及前总统比尔·克林顿(Bill Clinton)的妻子M+ahC*Q&8W。美国总统选举将于11月8日举行;kr%dnpS.w&U~V
观察家预测,特朗普在亚利桑那州的演讲时会中和自己的移民立场aBDAM&4ib=vA]TCXh+63。然而,事实并非如此*+%]XAM%5Fo-jASfPc@
特朗普呼吁扩充三倍的执法人员来执行移民法并遣返全部有犯罪记录的非法移民eaG=LqAP.-p]tZM。他还再三呼吁在美国和墨西哥边境建一堵墙xb;sgHYvLqHU88A

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特朗普移民政策.png
‘他们还不知道’
特朗普说,“我们将在南部边境筑一堵墙,当然这要由墨西哥人买单]2omrBPPvGDm(KK8VVK@。他们还不知道,不过不要紧他们得承担这笔钱ZK~(ce,^kg*DfVwT1d!V。”
希拉里则反对修筑这堵高墙DwxA%RVbOS;y。希拉里表示,她将在国会推动一项法案,旨在为无合法证件的移民提供获得公民身份的途径[]Zu;tse-WGp
斯蒂芬·布鲁克斯(Stephen Brooks)在俄亥俄州阿克伦大学雷·C·布利斯应用政治学研究所任教gu9c=o-T;VH@]i2I^7B
他说,特朗普继续争取那些担忧自己和美国人的长期目标难以企及的选民的支持_XKN0uTM!Ur。这个目标就是给孩子传递一种更加美好的生活AiTtJW7Lz,0O
布鲁克斯表示,“很多人认为这个目标遥不可及Hr11J-mFC**。无论公平与否,反正他们将其归咎于移民和贸易KdUmcTa&HkIsl(。”
布鲁克斯表示,这些选民多为白人男性Ke8#&w~U)=R^Yb|W。他们多半居住在已经倒闭的服装、钢材厂附近,这些企业提供的高薪职位也不复存在FjThc*fWHrvID*l
特朗普获得白人工薪阶层选民的支持让专家大为吃惊,而且一举击败共和党其他16位总统提名候选人DcEM;diYOX
布鲁克斯称,特朗普担心随着选民群体日益多样化,只靠这些选民不足以赢得大选1UoiF.TC2V56oYP6#
更多拉美裔选民
2012年,71%的拉美裔选民投票给奥巴马总统,而不是共和党竞选对手米特·罗姆尼(Mitt Romney)l9GubAKb7p@kvqe*=D。7月的一项民意调查发现,82%的拉丁裔选民对特朗普持负面评价bxJCNcD!;|sba1W
雅各布·蒙蒂(Jacob Monty)是一位来自德克萨斯州的移民律师L5(lNSSa@6ZDbN。蒙蒂就职于特朗普的全美西班牙裔顾问委员会tsE=^zPcdoqE2KOW。特朗普的亚利桑那州演讲结束后,蒙蒂从委员会辞职c6IN&!3ZAsEM。他说,特朗普的移民立场与向他及其他委员承诺的不相符RK4nfeUKT&A8[nnXoYd
蒙蒂通过MSNBC电视台表示,“这是可悲的一天,因为我不拥护希拉里D@=7[eMY=NI1aW。”
据皮尤研究中心数据显示,2730万拉美裔美国人拥有合法投票权_[q0a7sD2-5i
布鲁克斯表示,特朗普与白人大学毕业生,尤其是女毕业生存在过节_DF)!z1vc-。她们认为特朗普的言论过于分裂AZV%HVcVz0.I6rE
特朗普在演讲前几小时曾前往墨西哥会见墨西哥总统培尼亚·涅托(Pena Nieto),-TE(|PvFK。特朗普用外交辞令表示,特朗普团队将与墨西哥领导人一道维护美国与墨西哥的边境安全-Jua7R@[m3Wb=wMp#6K
2015年6月,特朗普首次宣布参选时曾辱骂墨西哥移民都是毒贩、罪犯和强奸犯^gFIc0P-#yQ
‘令人惊叹的勤劳公民’
在墨西哥,特朗普盛赞墨西哥裔美国人是“令人惊叹”的勤劳的公民ng1Q8Vn&g+e]CLf=dPKe
大卫·达莫雷(David Damore)在拉斯维加斯市内华达大学教授政治eAJVQYdW7=82Ud。他说,周三我好像看见“两个特朗普”在演讲3iKXmxYYS5_8n2
达莫雷表示,墨西哥之行的特朗普是一位对美国重要盟友(墨西哥)以礼相待的贤人GkSRf12~a|dKrDePjs。而亚利桑那州演讲中,特朗普向支持者表明自己坚定的立场,他不会在强有力移民政策和强硬言论上让步dnLCV;&g-Dj
作家和政治评论员安·科尔特(Ann Coulter)曾对特朗普不再呼吁对非法移民采取强硬措施表示怀疑o0#YjyvQ(RnV~。但特朗普的亚利桑那州演讲结束后,科尔特却称赞了他CO^jvPYZP(5
他在推特上写道,“听闻(英国前首相)丘吉尔善于措词,但特朗普的移民演讲是迄今为止最精彩的演讲eQNuDk)=rWz!GP#Mt;=E。”
但达莫雷和布鲁克斯均表示,特朗普在凤凰城演讲中的言辞让很多富裕和受过良好教育的白人选民纷纷倒戈W&sxe9-qaw2
布鲁斯·阿尔珀特为您播报puJ_I-36hRnG=5(XGT

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • spectacularadj. 壮观的,令人惊叹的 n. 惊人之举,壮观的表演
  • democraticadj. 民主的,大众的,平等的
  • surveyv. 调查,检查,测量,勘定,纵览,环视 n. 调查,纵
  • resignedadj. 认命的,顺从的,听任的 动词resign的过去
  • divisiveadj. 区分的,分裂的,不和的
  • defeatn. 败北,挫败 vt. 战胜,击败
  • announced宣布的
  • blamen. 过失,责备 vt. 把 ... 归咎于,责备
  • violentadj. 暴力的,猛烈的,极端的
  • legaladj. 法律的,合法的,法定的