VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):政治目的? 苹果惨遭欧盟罚款140亿美元
日期:2016-09-06 11:30

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Apple CEO Tim Cook Upset about EU Tax Bill
After a two-year investigation, the European Union (EU) says the American company Apple must pay over $14 billion in back taxes to Ireland.
The EU's competition commissioner said the company did not pay enough in taxes between 2003 and 2014. She questioned how anyone might think that Apple's 2014 Irish tax rate of five thousandths of one percent was fair.
The European Commission is responsible for making official decisions for the European Union. The Commission follows rules designed to make sure businesses in Europe compete fairly.
In late August, the Commission announced that it would attempt to recover the back taxes from Apple. It said the company reported earnings for all of the computers, computer tablets and mobile phones it sold in Europe through its office in Ireland. Because of a tax deal with the Irish government, Apple never had to pay much tax on its earnings.
The Competition Commission is not only investigating Apple. It is looking at deals between European countries and major international businesses including Starbucks, Fiat, Amazon and McDonald's.
Apple Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook denies the EU allegations. He said Apple paid $400 million in taxes in 2014, and his company paid more in taxes than any other business in Ireland.
The tax bill is not only causing concerns in Ireland and Europe. Government officials in the United States are also worried.
Josh Earnest is the spokesman for President Barack Obama. He said Americans could be hurt by the EU's ruling if Apple is required to make the payment. He said the company then could legally reduce the billions of dollars it pays Ireland from the U.S. taxes it owes.
Earnest said the Obama administration is concerned EU officials decided to rule against Apple without first talking to the U.S. government.
The U.S Treasury Department called the EU's decision unfair. It claimed the EU was targeting American companies for punishment recently. The commission denied that allegation.
On September 1, Tim Cook told an Irish newspaper that Apple would work with Irish officials to overturn Europe's decision. He also said the tax ruling was politically motivated.
The European Commission said Ireland offered Apple the low tax rates in order to save thousands of Apple jobs within the country. It called the deal, "illegal."
Ireland's Minister of Finance, Michael Noonan, said his country will appeal the commission's ruling. But if the tax is paid, it would be the largest ever in Europe.
I'm Dan Friedell.

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词汇解析

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1.tax rate 税率

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His prime task is to lower the tax rate.
他的首要任务是降低税率S]#WcEzAcYLST-Vo!5)t

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2.back taxes 补缴税款

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Bill was found guilty of tax evasion and owes the IRS over$ 60,000 in back taxes.
比尔被判逃税罪,他现在仍欠国内收入局六万多美元的滞纳税金8K8+#L-Ga&OWtr4o254

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3.the European Union 欧盟

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By 1995, East Asia had almost caught up with the United States and the European Union.
到了1995年,东亚几乎与美国和欧盟平起平坐4dU!|4s=M]b

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4.computer tablets 平板电脑

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Personal computer sales have been sliding for years now because of the ever-increasing popularity of computertablets.
随着平板电脑日益普及,个人电脑销量多年来一直在持续下滑96&5_96AhM!L!WWZIXb

内容解析

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1.The European Commission is responsible for making official decisions for the European Union.

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be responsible for 对...负责

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She was responsible for buying the properties for the television series.
她负责采购电视系列片所用的道具(gjA(kKAWEdcDkrJ
He denied that he was responsible for the accident.
他否认他应对那个事故负责v,#OAEgSQ*zR5eHM@vXR

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2.The European Commission said Ireland offered Apple the low tax rates in order to save thousands of Apple jobs within the country.

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in order to 为了...

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He was going for a scholarship in order to go abroad.
为了出国,他准备争取奖学金|F-tUd2+wj_=vZ
In order to catch up with in time he run very fast.
为了及时赶到他跑得很快eT0J~&uw6tF

参考译文

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苹果CEO蒂姆•库克不满欧盟税收法案
欧盟称,经过两年的调查,美国苹果公司须向爱尔兰补缴超140亿美元的税款)C*||o3&4kI6oQFSg
欧盟竞争事务委员表示,2003年到2014年间,苹果公司并未按规定足额缴税Mf,.K3Kt%xdU。她质疑道:怎么会有人认为苹果公司2014年在爱尔兰的0.005%税率是合理的Gr0g[&cK,3S6F1ADgE
欧盟委员会负责为欧盟起草法令~MC_AVFv8%e=qT|jo6s。该委员会遵循的原则是确保各企业在欧洲的公平竞争r2U4UX6;]H5X]#ORlg+
八月下旬,欧盟委员会宣布将向苹果公司追缴税款~nrTSPy1&Vf。该委员会称,苹果公司通过驻爱尔兰办事处报告其在欧洲销售的电脑、平板电脑和手机等产品所得收益fMr~FU+ecU2VYY(j。因与爱尔兰政府的税收协议,苹果公司少缴纳了相当一笔税款g3dE3mi5=r_S
欧盟竞争委员会不仅调查了苹果公司CfRvcD@(w@qZA[j。另外还审核了欧盟国家与重大国际企业之间的协议,包括星巴克、菲亚特、亚马逊和麦当劳等.Dew1k0#3WugeS@VVv+

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苹果不满欧盟开罚单.jpg
苹果首席执行官蒂姆·库克(Tim Cook)拒绝接受欧盟的指控ib|iZq0#lTB。他表示,2014年苹果缴纳了4亿美元的税款,苹果公司所缴税款多于任何一家爱尔兰公司l=PH[EQ&74d2
该税单不仅在爱尔兰和欧盟引发了恐慌ss7&R#GM,KqP6_。就连美国政府也担忧不已tYQxm1ZtQkh|k]Q4jiU=
乔希·欧内斯特(Josh Earnest)是奥巴马总统的发言人i#wbFtj88XAD。他表示,如果欧盟要求苹果公司缴纳这笔税款,那么美国人会因欧盟的裁决受到伤害ev7%sSbdbD。他说,之后,苹果公司将从向美国缴纳的税款中合法地扣除向爱尔兰缴纳的数十亿美元ZS-,+kaEd5IWEhHOkk
欧内斯特表示,对于欧盟在未知会美国政府的情况下对苹果公司作出不利裁决,奥巴马政府深感不满o@O%0l_obe)mz^
美国财政部认为欧盟的决定是不公平的yXoT._lu#22es4e&3x。财政部称,近期,欧盟开始针对美国公司进行处罚S#j8I8sE4Xfc2iF。而欧盟委员会否认这一指控ZB,0i4VzzsUpDQn
9月1日,库克通过一家爱尔兰报社表示,苹果公司将与爱尔兰政府合力推翻欧盟的处罚决定f3U!6=qNz~。他还表示,这一税务裁决是出于政治目的Jtbl.x=SaVeoutXh
欧盟委员会表示,爱尔兰政府以低税率的条件换取苹果公司在国内的数千个就业岗位^EqtgVaL]!Ln|&AOi=&。欧盟委员会坚称,该协议是非法的ZxqzNakYAeVWf]%
爱尔兰财政部长迈克尔·努南(Michael Noonan)表示,爱尔兰将对欧盟委员会的裁决提起上诉)HPJcIFLW+0W!E,|3tX。如果该笔税款被成功缴纳,这将成为欧洲史上数额最大的一笔税款r[_Yu;TXIi|pH!SHLhx*
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • allegationn. 断言,主张,辩解,暗指
  • upsetadj. 心烦的,苦恼的,不安的 v. 推翻,翻倒,扰乱
  • illegaladj. 不合法的,非法的 n. 非法移民
  • competevi. 竞争,对抗,比赛
  • guiltyadj. 有罪的,内疚的
  • concernedadj. 担忧的,关心的
  • administrationn. 行政,管理,行政部门
  • evasionn. 逃避,藉口,偷漏(税)
  • popularityn. 普及,流行,名望,受欢迎
  • announced宣布的