VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):没错!狗能听懂人类说话
日期:2016-09-01 19:42

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Research Shows Dogs Really Do Understand Humans
This is What's Trending Today....
Researchers at a university in Hungary say there is truth to what many dog owners always believed.
Dogs do understand what humans say.
The researchers made images of the brains of 13 dogs using a machine that records brain activity.
The dogs were trained to lie down in the machine for seven minutes. During that time, they listened through headphones to their trainers' voices.
Dog owners may think the news is not surprising. But scientists are impressed.
Brian Hare is a professor of evolutionary anthropology at Duke University. He called one of the findings a "shocker."
The brain imaging showed dogs processed words using the left side of their brains, just as humans do. They use the right side of their brains to understand tone and pitch.
The study showed dogs understand words and how they are said. Meaningful words said in a neutral way did not have the same effect as the same words said in an encouraging way.
Attila Andics was the lead researcher on the project.
"Dog brains care about both what we say and how we say it," he said.
Researchers say they think dogs are tuned in to what people say because dogs have lived with people for a long time.
Andics said he thinks other animals probably can understand human language like dogs do. But those animals are not very interested in what humans have to say.
People reacted to the story on Facebook and Twitter. They said they always knew their pets could understand them. And they were happy to see scientific support for what they experienced every day.
One reader from Virginia said she thought her dog could probably read her mind, too.
Someone in California joked that he always knew his dog ignored him.
And Greg Matos in Boston called the study "fascinating!"
And that's What's Trending Today.
I'm Dan Friedell.

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词汇解析

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1.brain activity 大脑活动

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The patient's brain activity is monitored via electrodes taped to the skull.
病人的大脑活动通过固定在其头骨上的电极进行监控y.fy1+7Ee8^

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2.lead researcher 首席研究眼

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The lead researcher in the study said the results were beyond anything he expected.
这一研究的主要负责人说,这个结果完全超出了他的预期+R5pW@,aazk26fIi)

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3.care about 关心

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I don't care about the matter.
我对这事毫不介意78TxggP%lg6q~1u4l]

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4.the same effect as... 与...效果一样

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These rules may have the same effect as a law passed by the legislature.
这些规章可能具有和立法机关通过的法律一样的效力eT&;L&;[UPnVvWB;~

内容解析

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1.The dogs were trained to lie down in the machine for seven minutes.

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lie down 躺下

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I should lie down for a bit, if I were you.
如果我是你,我就会躺一会儿a+txgB]0Z!58
Let's lie down for a rest.
咱们躺下休息一会儿qiDed,X#J5

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2.One reader from Virginia said she thought her dog could probably read her mind, too.

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read sb's mind 关注

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Don't expect others to read your mind.
别指望别人会看出你的心思WWJcJRj0k=RC[w+*f
You can read my mind.
你可以读到我在想什么%xKQc[_S5])n,_2

参考译文

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没错!狗能听懂人类说话
这里是《今日热点》节目oZLtd16HBALiPD2Za
匈牙利一所大学的研究人员称,很多主人相信狗能听懂人话,这一说法是真的6_w]he[tyJ
狗确实能听懂人类在说什么b88i[Q23XAnf
研究人员采用一种记录大脑运作的机器为13只狗做了扫描DJy7swA|bUE7S
训练员让狗躺在机器下静待7分钟h0Q9[TjqQ|~^。在此期间,他们通过耳机听到训练员的声音MSO_eWn*gUd)1j^
养宠物的人或许觉得这消息没什么出奇Hl5zkL..tfAC。但是科学家们却印象深刻)kqCyTr5nNQ;|K

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狗狗能听懂人类说话.jpg
布莱恩·黑尔(Brian Hare)是美国杜克大学进化人类学教授fYAs(v!O*hH。他称其中一项调查结果“令人震惊”K5unY@8FX%A)6c|S3D(
大脑活动图像显示,狗与人类一样用左脑处理语言C-=1h(hA2Aq,gtZtyj。用右脑来分别语气和音调ansQIua7-I.aY[
研究表明,狗能理解人们的语言以及说话的语气2sn).p+5k]V44M2)yCN+。同样一句话,不带任何感情色彩与用称赞语调的效果是完全不同的30;2PhPf%D3QXm3HhZ
阿提拉·安蒂克斯(Attila Andics)是该研究的首席研究员Bx5ACI7j(=Q)gVGq6
他指出,“狗的大脑会注意人类说什么以及怎么说n-Sus34Q-v1。”
研究人员称,因为与人类长期生活在一起,所以狗比较了解人类的语言V7yxYq4yh@Kc__=J@Y%
安蒂克斯认为,也许其它动物也能像狗一样听懂人类语言H&;CM_!ZGrxG5N*,##J。只是这些动物对人类语言不感兴趣而已4[W%Cd[lhT9
Facebook和Twitter用户纷纷对该新闻发表看法jXm%tCQ)(WDl5XY。他们称一直都知晓宠物能够听懂人话@CMaj@Z^)eSa6。他们很高兴看到日常经历的事情有了科学依据0[jsJZ&AX;n!~U3
弗吉尼亚州的一位网友表示,她觉得自己的狗也许还能读懂她的想法w+^lDTDTyii[WaUFk=
有位加州民众打趣称,自己的狗总是无视他(IoiByeScK0q|whFLvL
波士顿的格雷格·马托斯(Greg Matos)称,这项研究“令人神往”!
以上为《今日热点》PXkdPi_y*j^7*!a
丹·费里德尔为您播报2t@w].EoyK+1fgt6O,

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • legislaturen. 立法机关
  • experiencedadj. 有经验的
  • evolutionaryadj. 进化的,发展的,演变的
  • skulln. 头骨,骷髅头 vt. 击打头部
  • minutesn. 会议记录,(复数)分钟
  • tonen. 音调,语气,品质,调子,色调 vt. 使更健壮,装
  • pitchn. 沥青,树脂,松脂 n. 程度,投掷,球场,音高 v
  • impressedadj. 外加的;印象深刻的;了不起的;受感动的
  • fascinatingadj. 迷人的
  • understandvt. 理解,懂,听说,获悉,将 ... 理解为,认为