VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美国男性平均体重近20年增7公斤
日期:2016-08-31 11:04

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Average Weight of American Men Increased 7 Kilograms in 20 Years
American men weigh about seven kilograms more now, on average, than they did 20 years ago.
The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC, reported the finding earlier this month.
The CDC report noted that the average weight for American men over the age of 20 is 88.7 kilograms. That amount is based on information gathered between 2011 and 2014. Between 1988 and 1994, the average weight of an American man was 82 kilograms.
Over the 20-year period, the average height of men did not change.
The report said American women and children have also gained weight. The average woman weighed 64 kilograms in 1960 and now weighs 76 kilograms. On average, the weight of adolescent boys and girls increased 5.4 kilograms over the past 20 years.
The report did not tell why the average weight of Americans increased. But many studies show a large number of people in the United States are obese. Obesity is a condition in which the body stores large, unhealthy amounts of fat. Obese individuals are considered overweight.
The information for the new report was gathered from 19,000 people. They took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011 to 2014.
CDC officials say about 35 percent of Americans are obese. Obesity can cause many health problems, including heart disease, stroke, Type 2 diabetes and some kinds of cancer.
There was some good news from the report. It noted that the rate of weight increase for men appears to be slowing. Since 2002, the average weight of men has increased by just 2.3 kilograms.
Goutham Rao heads the Department of Family Medicine and Community Health at Case Western Medical Center in Ohio.
Rao told ABC News the rate of increase in weight of American men, women and children "is always a cause for alarm." He said there are some easy ways to prevent weight gain, including choosing water over sugary drinks and taking part in some kind of physical activity every day.
Rao said that people should not worry about each pound they lose, but should instead "think about adopting healthy behaviors that can last a lifetime."
I'm Pete Musto.

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词汇解析

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1.on average 平均

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Our reps make on average six calls a day.
我们的销售代表平均每天打六次电话=hMRmJ2!j)-j0U85Bnsa

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2.heart disease 心脏疾病

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There's a high incidence of heart disease there.
那个地方心脏病的发病率很高!BxQ,Q)l6Q)0M*A^

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3.sugary drinks 含糖饮料

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The calming effect of a sugary drink was discovered by Australian psychologists who gave lemonade to a group of men and women.
澳大利亚心理学家通过给一组男人和女人喝柠檬汁的实验发现了甜饮料中的镇静作用n57t]lEM1;iazV9RcwE

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4.physical activity 体育活动

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Physical activity encourages good health.
体育活动有助于健康Zww|)=29@4H

内容解析

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1.They took part in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011 to 2014.

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took part in 参加;参与

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He took part in the competition for the glory of the school.
他为学校的荣誉参加了竞赛eW7Jv)SAgKm5
I took part in an athletic meet.
我参加了运动会#PHL2*GX6@2[&;3

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2.But many studies show a large number of people in the United States are obese.

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a large number of 大量的

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He had included a large number of funny stories in the speech.
他在讲话时加进了许多逗人发笑的故事P,0obso9dOBqg&T]O]
During the economic recession the factory terminated a large number of workers.
经济衰退时期这家工厂解雇了许多工人Q)g[%x6G8M5s0u1

参考译文

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美国男性平均体重近20年增7公斤
与20年前相比,美国男性的平均体重增加了约7公斤&8%7%aS.HP)n
本月初,美国疾病控制和预防中心(CDC)公布了这一结果i])Z_[Jn[g
美国疾病控制和预防中心报告称,20岁以上的美国男性平均体重为88.7公斤xSdSmoYwB~d5pPuLG.c。该数据从2011年至2014年之间采集的信息中得出lP_5)I,DA%v!p+|lSsN。1988年至1994年间,美国男性的平均体重为82公斤vY]3wEN)G]k[9XDRD
过去20多年来,美国男性的平均身高没有明显变化sqPBb[@P)6~ungu1

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美国男性平均体重增长.jpeg
该报告指出,美国女性和儿童的平均体重也有所增加E=wEVomCZ2pB。1960年女性的平均体重为64公斤,而现在平均体重为76公斤OaRue;iauCaQ5b。过去20年里,青少年的平均体重增加了5.4公斤pW.pJ%;D6aG=oF0-e#
该报告未说明美国人的平均体重增加的具体原因rKGyVM8GXk6poDgE*,_。然而,多项研究显示,大部分美国人都属于肥胖类型j9&zJaaYr70(LH6~-。肥胖是指体内储存了大量的不健康的脂肪KlB@uAysgWEif6!。肥胖的人也被视为超重@e,AAVrofAx
该项报告的信息来源于1.9万人l]Hc]N[#J4|VLnP。他们曾参与2011年到2014年全国健康和营养调查PssI*uTb7A)hdB
美国疾病控制和预防中心的人员表示,约35%的美国人属于肥胖BPLxeY*sEiC1EYjy。肥胖会引起诸多健康问题,例如心脏病、中风、二型糖尿病及某些类型的癌症i#F2A2[YRphs
报告里也不全是坏消息bT_SFYjmT,Y61=^O1。报告指出,男性体重增长速度有所放缓42I6pHGPB*H(u,a1a+m。2002年以来,男性平均体重只增加了2.3公斤dgjW6Y)A=VyK27RbqKUU
拉奥(Rao)是俄亥俄州凯斯西方医学中心的家庭医学和社区卫生部门的负责人tkQa@CW..v+
拉奥在接受ABC新闻采访时表示,美国男性、女性以及儿童的体重增长速度一直是个棘手的问题@3gQ|cAn,Xc&F5abK!Sj。他强调,一些简单的习惯可防止体重增长,例如多喝水,少饮含糖饮料,每天进行身体锻炼HOPtNU4DjK%@,-nD(ex,
拉奥表示,人们不应该只在意减下多少赘肉,而是思考培养一种可受益终生的健康生活方式)(yOV27u_.nrd1Fw
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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