VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):奥巴马拟建全球最大海洋保护区
日期:2016-08-29 19:24

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Obama to Create World's Largest Marine Park
United States President Barack Obama will add to a national monument near the coast of Hawaii.
The Obama administration announced the move Friday. It will create the world's largest marine protected area.
The presidential action will add to the size of a monument created by President George W. Bush in 2006. The Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument now will be increased to about 1.5 million square kilometers. That is more than twice the size of the American state of Texas.
The expanded area is considered a sacred place for Native Hawaiians.
Obama will travel to the monument next week to bring attention to the need to protect public lands and waters from climate change.
The move bans commercial fishing and new mining in the area of the monument. Fishing for recreation may be done with a permit. Scientific research and the removal of fish and other resources for Native Hawaiian cultural practices also will be permitted.
Some fishing groups are concerned that an expansion of the marine national monument will hurt their industry.
Sean Martin is the president of the Hawaii Longline Association. Hawaii's longline fishing fleet supplies much of the fresh tuna and other fish to Hawaii.
Martin has previously estimated the fleet catches about 900,000 kilograms of fish each year from the area proposed for the expanded monument.
He said he was "disappointed'' by Hawaiian Governor David Ige's decision to support the expansion. He said the monument's expansion would be based on political and not scientific reasons.
The Obama administration has described the expansion as protecting more than 7,000 species of marine life. It also says the move will protect and improve the environment.
Shipwrecks and crashed aircraft from the Battle of Midway in World War II are in the expansion area. The battle was fought in June of 1942 and marked a major shift in that war.
Obama has now created or expanded 26 national monuments. The administration said Obama has increased national monuments more than any other president.
The Obama administration said the expansion is an answer to a proposal by Democratic Senator Brian Schatz of Hawaii and Native Hawaiian leaders.
The federal government will give Hawaii's Department of Natural Resources and its Office of Hawaiian Affairs a greater role in supervising the monument.
I'm Christopher Jones-Cruise.

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词汇解析

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1.public lands 公共用地

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Of course, the public lands also have tremendous importance to conservationists.
当然,公共土地对环境保护主义者也极为重要&w;L&^|X76j3i(-P5==P

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2.climate change 气候变化

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Carbon emissions exacerbate the global climate change problem.
碳排放加剧了全球气候变化问题pN8so5idm!Jse@.(NPx3

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3.national monuments 国家保护区

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Favourite activities include camping, fishing, and visiting America's national monuments and sights.
美国人最喜欢的活动包括野营、钓鱼、参观国家博物馆和风景名胜]VSmB#)!_&*GN*].TaBu

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4.add to 增加

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I'm always on the lookout for something to add to my collection.
我一向留意可以列入收藏的东西U[6)]F3S-QvZ*t~

内容解析

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1.Obama will travel to the monument next week to bring attention to the need to protect public lands and waters from climate change.

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bring ... attention to 注意到...

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The bigger ones are put in by large companies to bring attention to their products.
大公司总是用很大的产品广告来吸引读者;ya,Pmv9THGK
There is one point I must bring to everybody's attention.
有一问题我要提请大家注意_FL=][;mdi2U1fms;OHK

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2.He said the monument's expansion would be based on political and not scientific reasons.

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based on 以...为基础

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Security program was based on calculated risk.
保安工作准备冒一定的风险nK4rW=otZs7xh!L_u
Capitalism is based on private ownership.
资本主义是建立在私有制基础上的iZUzUnjhiSM

参考译文

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奥巴马拟建全球最大海洋保护区
美国总统奥巴马将在夏威夷海岸新建国家保护区R~AsmYXZ5JE)dx
周五,奥巴马政府公布了该计划FEAeW2WqzRQmKS。该计划旨在建立全球最大海洋保护区#X;PWoSU1=,
奥巴马拟扩建的保护区域最初由乔治·沃克·布什总统于2006年建立yr;)C.k7^n62A。帕帕哈瑙莫夸基亚国家海洋保护区将扩建至150万平方公里_l=S.R%8_u5RX。海洋保护区面积相当于美国德克萨斯州面积的两倍MW~#ccvo9l6x@~;g@bDv
扩建的保护区被视为夏威夷土著的圣地7W|J[Fax;8Y]2Ypf5F

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奥巴马拟建全球最大海洋保护区.jpeg
下周,奥巴马将前往保护区,呼吁大家关注公共土地和水域,保护资源免受气候变化的影响D8%6yoBmC#3noSCrw
政府禁止人们在保护区进行商业捕渔及采矿C3L3N+!P)9-6J。在政府允许的情况下可进行繁殖性捕渔d52V,sy^3-(k^N7Q9。因夏威夷土著文化实践而进行的科学研究,移除鱼类及其他资源也是允许的clm=h%A6^EYB_
一些捕渔组织担心,海洋国家保护区的扩张会伤害到他们的产业0G)2SS_|x=|MQ
肖恩·马丁(Sean Martin)是夏威夷延绳钓协会主席Fi^WL3a86mKR_。该船队为夏威夷供应大量新鲜的金枪鱼和其他水产#%0nVNhYGj0n|5=U+B(
此前,马丁估计该船队每年可在即将扩建的保护区范围内捕捞90万公斤的鱼类c=xLS0zWeD6Cl;)RVjIO
他表示,对于夏威夷州长David Ige支持扩张计划一事,他很“沮丧”vz1zla_~7yq5s|e。他说扩建保护区是出于政治原因而非科学初衷|Z5Yz-^d63co0
奥巴马政府称,扩建保护区是为了保护七千多种海洋生物APSs@.pyUc。还说这是为了保护和改善环境Oh-1j0D&O!0d~q
二战时期中途岛战役的沉船及飞机残骸也在扩建区域内GN17XA3L=I)g!BC。1942年6月,中途岛战役爆发,成为二战的重要转折点84bK%)Zrk#*L0Dz.2Z=5
奥巴马至今已新建或扩建了26处国家保护区ni7u(23;BX8(z。政府表示,奥巴马是任期内建立国家保护区最多的美国总统dwby7;e^%GV
奥巴马政府表示,扩建计划是对夏威夷的民主党参议员Brian Schatz和夏威夷土著首领提议的回应GH#nO-T_ZsmF(2u,c
联邦政府将在监管保护区方面赋予夏威夷自然资源部及其夏威夷事务办公室更大的权力VUqf2H~7*X[uPHVrj%K
克里斯托弗·琼斯·克鲁斯为您播报v.0M-dD#Y@@H]=

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • speciesn. (单复同)物种,种类
  • permittedadj. 被允许的 v. 允许(permit的过去分词)
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • exacerbatevt. 加重(使 ... 恶化,激怒)
  • commercialadj. 商业的 n. 商业广告
  • permitn. 许可证,执照 v. 允许,许可
  • senatorn. 参议员
  • shiftn. 交换,变化,移动,接班者 v. 更替,移转,变声
  • associationn. 联合,结合,交往,协会,社团,联想
  • calculatedadj. 计算出的;适合的;有计划的 v. 计算;估计;