VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):食物短缺? 农民自己开垦菜园
日期:2016-08-24 10:47

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Malawi's Homegrown Vegetables Ease Food Shortage
In Malawi, over 6 million people need food aid because severe weather has made growing corn crops difficult. But small home gardens are helping. The Victory Garden Campaign is working with people in the capital city of Lilongwe to grow a variety of vegetables near their houses.
Edson Kumbani and his family live in the Likuni area of the capital city. He created a garden last year after his corn crop failed.
Like most farmers in Malawi, his family depended on corn as its main source of food. But now he grows vegetables such as tomatoes, pumpkins, beans and potatoes.
His wife, Efrida helps with the garden.
"Now I have even stopped asking my husband about food whenever he leaves the house. I just enter the garden and pick whatever food I need for the family and cook it."
Kumbani began his garden with help from a U.S. anti-hunger charity, Face to Face. Its mission is to help communities help themselves. Ken Wong is the director.
"What we want to do is roll out our Victory Garden solution, our solution of changing the way that Malawians think about farming, and thinking about food, so that Malawi can break the cycle of poverty."
About 22,000 families in the Likuni, Tsabango and Mitundu areas are benefiting from the campaign. Each person that receives training will teach 25 other people.
The small gardens are about 2.5 square meters and can grow up to 15 kinds of plants, vegetables and fruit trees.
The campaign chooses plants and trees that can survive on little water. The weather is still dry in Malawi and some villagers must walk a long way to get water. Even so, the seeds of change for a healthier future are being planted.
I'm Dorothy Gundy.

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词汇解析

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1.severe weather 恶劣天气

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Severe weather conditions hindered the rescue.
风雨交加的天气妨碍了营救LthA;N=(K&emCu#^g

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2.food shortage 食物短缺

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Many deserted during the food shortage.
饥荒许多人逃往他乡-Cq,9Mz|]9o=%

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3.corn crop 玉米作物

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The US government says that this year's corn crop should be about 8 percent more than last year.
美国政府称今年的玉米产量应该会比去年提高8%左右]KSqgpnfEV

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4.grow up 成长;逐渐形成

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A little trade began to grow up.
小生意开始兴隆起来m%]&8S+PtxI!koa7y

内容解析

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1.The Victory Garden Campaign is working with people in the capital city of Lilongwe to grow a variety of vegetables near their houses.

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a variety of 各种各样的

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A variety of books are displayed there.
那里展示着各种各样的书HfPg9ocdfh
Penetrating injury may be due to any of a variety of weapons.
任何一种武器均能造成穿透伤g4oRyE6L.tM3s=P

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2.What we want to do is roll out our Victory Garden solution.

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roll out 铺开;推行

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He let a couple of golden apples roll out from under the barrel.
他使两个黄橙橙的苹果从桶底滚了出来xIRgmzR=F0_!I
We'll give her some VIP treatment and roll out the red carpet
我们将给予她贵宾级礼遇,并且为她铺设红地毯Ouc~C5IRjsmJr

参考译文

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马拉维推行“庭院蔬菜”缓解食物短缺
在马拉维,约600万人需要食物援助,因为当时恶劣的气候不适宜种植玉米作物gqDy@usHdTuT。然而,小规模的家庭种植园解决了这一难题oW^W-nW-od。“胜利菜园活动”(The Victory Garden Campaign)旨在帮助首都利隆圭的民众在庭院内种植大量蔬菜8+;X#|!yQ(7VNppiAoA!
埃德森和家人居住在利隆圭附近的Likuni地区*oWVb+TpQX。去年因种植的玉米收成不好,他便开垦了一个菜园P(&o;Ih|2Z7xhN7-
跟多数马拉维农民一样,埃德森一家主要的食物来源是玉米w]EgHWOegaWhm)[。而今,他开始种植番茄、南瓜、豆子和马铃薯等蔬菜6m;v^w+sh4b92
妻子Efrida帮忙打理菜园子3o6Nt3MuHCrwIVi@

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马拉维推行庭院蔬菜缓解食物短缺.jpg
“不管丈夫何时离家,我都不必再为食物犯愁cfQ+~^ycoHyZ+*iWQC。我只需要到菜园子里挑选一些蔬菜烹饪即可fv(9fL&ce.72TJ。”
在美国一家名为“面对面”反饥饿慈善机构的帮助下,埃德森开垦了一处菜园子hM2a*pd.KxE-Y=*@;6j。该机构致力于帮助贫困地区帮助他们自己cac2W]E_H6Z#cWf&O。Ken Wong是该机构的负责人=_@HZNnC+h,uW)cSDh
“我们想推广‘胜利菜园’这一种植模式,这种模式改变了马拉维人对种植、食物的传统观念,因此打破了马拉维贫困的恶性循环mYsV4KWIpCL6*。”
Likuni、Tsabango及Mitundu地区约22000户家庭从该活动中受益Rj^&@A%I.=!8。接受过培训的人可以再把这种技术传授给25个人e_I#6dyKoFFuuSjH=Ax
这种小规模的菜园占地约2.5平方米,能够种植多达15种植物、蔬菜和果树1m2]hm4xoe%QRX-d
他们种植的植物和树木即使水很少也能存活VwiFeYIHu2。马拉维气候干燥,有些村民要长途跋涉去取水zrpg8eX)||wYv&。即便如此,一个更健康、美好的未来已经开始生根发芽LC!=~dnTL+H65#n
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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