VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):与含糖饮料断离舍 身体更健康
日期:2016-08-20 01:13

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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A new study shows that replacing one sugary drink a day with water can help a person lose weight and improve their health. Kiyah J. Duffey helped to write a report on the study. She says no matter how many sugar-sweetened beverages someone drinks, "replacing even just one serving can be of benefit." Duffy is a specialist on human nutrition, foods and exercise. She teaches at the College of Agriculture and Life Sciences at Virginia Tech University in Blacksburg. Medical experts believe sugary drinks are partly to blame for the obesity epidemic in some areas. The drinks have also been linked to Type 2 diabetes and heart disease. The U.S. government's 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans says no more than 10 percent of a person's daily calories should come from sugary drinks. Duffy says just replacing one 236-milliliter sugary drink with the same amount of water would help people reach that target. "We found that among American adults who drink one serving of sugar-sweetened beverages per day, replacing that drink with water lowered the percent of calories coming from drinks from 17 to 11," she said. "Even those who consumed more sugary drinks per day could still benefit from water replacement, dropping the amount of calories coming from beverages to less than 25 percent of their daily caloric intake she said." The report was published in the journal Nutrients. I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.sugary drink 含糖饮料

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I saw Hitler's doctor, Dr Stumpfegger give the children something to drink. Some kind of sugary drink.
我看到希特勒的医生Stumpfegger给了孩子们一些喝的东西,一种加糖的饮料+i_EcJ+H*|p;6yyY]

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2.specialist on... ……通,……方面的专家

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De la Granville, who has served in Brussels and Madrid, is a specialist on European affairs and North Africa.
曾在布鲁塞尔和马德里任职的德·拉·格兰维尔是欧洲和北非问题的专家|ea2]Z)xNLKW1j5.

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3.consume 消耗,吃掉,喝掉

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Martha would consume nearly a pound of cheese per day.
玛莎那时每天吃将近一磅奶酪)5fM&#oX*9ixcX4

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4.benefit from... 从……中受益,获利

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They do not see why corrupt officials should benefit from foreign standards on human rights.
他们不明白,为什么腐败官员能从国外的人权标准中获得好处w0Kx^NfrK3-W

内容解析

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1.A new study shows that replacing one sugary drink a day with water can help a person lose weight and improve their health.

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replace... with... 用……替代……

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You can swap out one system and replace it with another.
您可以交换一个系统并且用其它的系统替换它%Bm)PfaWB0ZMyOws
I want to have the freedom to replace her with another one.

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那么我就应有自由以另一个人来取代她YQpgn;7^g4

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2.Medical experts believe sugary drinks are partly to blame for the obesity epidemic in some areas.

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be to blame ……应受责怪,……应承担责任

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But the extent to which TV may or may not be to blame is a question that the study leaves unanswered.
但是,哪类电视节目该不该受到指责,该研究并没有给出答案fMDP]!4l&)@RPmb
Some teachers say that nobody is to blame for their sins, that we do not know what we do.
有些老师会说,任何人都不应由于过失而受到指责,因为大多数时候我们并不清楚自己在做什么hjSR,BeA5xb2

参考译文

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一项新研究表明,每天将所摄入的含糖饮料替换为水有助于减肥并促进健康B3QAXzj+s%r5t。达菲参与了此项研究报告的撰写e3)#l7IeDPk]*!+。达菲表示,无论某人摄入多少种含糖饮料,“即便只替换其中一种,对人体也是有好处的”fYf@#Pdsrw[W。达菲是人体营养、饮食与锻炼方面的专家7I!%np~%4WIl|C.9*P,。在美国南卡罗来纳州弗吉尼亚理工大学的农业与生命科学学院教书Q=|r+GS*Yv4。医学专家认为,含糖饮料是某些领域肥胖症的部分原因99_b+llDH!2A*。含糖饮料还与2型糖尿病以及心脏病有关(rd78AHHq0;dC~n7lD

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美国政府发布的2015年美国人膳食指南中指出,人体每日能量只有10%来源于含糖饮料DY!rWTxrEHG5|2g2P。而达菲表示,将236毫升的含糖饮料替换为等量的水,就能实现这一目标Y~6&I#nF7mJ,@-+^s_。她说,“我们发现,对于每天摄入一份含糖饮料的美国成年人来说,将饮料替换为水可以将来源于含糖饮料的能量从17降为11”FmXyQ2nqe)0xZUR-MK&。她还说,“即便某些人摄入不只一份含糖饮料,也可以从替换其中一份为水中获益,将从含糖饮料中摄取的能量降低到每日能量摄入的25%以下”g^&N;fbAsH*nAlp_ND。该报告发表于Nutrients影响因子上nd6MqU;v@(R。感谢收听卡蒂为您播报的新闻CM82tbdf(d2qYrab6oE8

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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