VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):俄土总统会晤 两国关系开启新篇章
日期:2016-08-15 09:53

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Turkey, Russia Hold Talks, Ease Tensions Over Syria
Russia and Turkey are taking steps to improve ties and work together in Syria after talks between the Russian and Turkish leaders.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan met with Russian President Vladimir Putin in Saint Petersburg on Tuesday.
Putin announced that Russia would begin easing sanctions designed to punish Turkey. The move would include restarting work on energy projects, such as work on Turkey's first nuclear power center and a pipeline from southern Russia to the Black Sea.
Russian officials said trade with Turkey could return to normal by the end of the year.
The Hurriyet Daily News reported that the two sides agreed to set up a direct telephone line between their militaries to prevent incidents in Syrian airspace.
Relations strained by downing of Russian bomber
In November, Turkey shot down a Russian jet bomber near its border with Syria. Turkish officials accused the airplane of violating Turkish airspace.
Russia denied the plane had been over Turkey and called the act a planned provocation by supporters of terrorism.
Russian officials answered the Turkish move by ordering economic and diplomatic sanctions on its neighbor. In June, the Turkish president apologized for the incident, and the two sides agreed to hold direct talks.
Russia supports the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, while Turkey has supported groups trying to force him from power.
The two sides have been fighting in Syria for more than five years. The violence has caused more than 2.5 million refugees from Syria to enter Turkey.
Russia increased its involvement in the fighting last year by carrying out bombing raids on Syrian rebel targets.
Cooperation or compromise?
Some observers, however, are questioning how much Turkey and Russia can cooperate. They say the two sides have little common ground in Syria's civil war.
Military expert Alexander Golts says, "I think until now they have no clear decision because it's clear that their interests are colliding in Syria." Golts currently works as a visiting researcher at Uppsula University in Sweden.
However, the talks between the two presidents could be a sign that Recep Tayyip Erdogan wants compromise on the issue of Syria. The meeting also could show Western allies that the Turkish leader has several options available to him.
Ishat Saetov directs the Modern Turkey Studies Center in Moscow. He said Erdogan was surprised by the effect Russian economic actions had on Turkey. The "loss of more than 4 million tourists made quite a blow on the economy," he said.
The coup attempt partly changed relations
Although the two countries disagree about Syria, Russia supported Erdogan after members of Turkey's military attempted to overthrow his government.
The United States and European countries have criticized Turkey's reaction to the failed overthrow attempt. The Turkish government has arrested thousands of people, including many reporters.
Turkey accuses clergyman Fethullah Gulen of plotting the failed coup. Gulen lives in the American state of Pennsylvania. Turkish officials want him extradited to Turkey for trial. The U.S. government has refused to do this without evidence.
Turkey is also in disagreement with Europe over payments for accepting Syrian refugees and other migrants. The government wants the European Union to permit visa-free travel for Turkish citizens.
"Syria is one of the issues that Erdogan may trade upon," said Saetov. He said Erdogan may be willing to negotiate on the issue.
Yet Turkish officials say Assad must leave office eventually and that Russia will not take the place of its western allies.
I'm Mario Ritter.

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词汇解析

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1.work together ph.合作;共事

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We work together in harness for the president.
我们都是总统的马前卒sSAE,W|nSkwU#s

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2.nuclear power ph.核动力

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They are planning a new nuclear power plant.
他们正在策划一座新的核电厂A^g8c[8Cnu#8cXO3h|Nh

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3.leave office ph.卸任;下台

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They told me Mr.Smith would leave office in one month.
他们告诉我史密斯先后将于一个月以后退休Fl945m4rJB8LsL7jJj

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4.shot down n.击落

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The enemy was shot down by our anti-aircraft fire.
敌机被我方的高射炮火击落nQxABo(38H4pEbQlm

内容解析

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1.The Hurriyet Daily News reported that the two sides agreed to set up a direct telephone line between their militaries to prevent incidents in Syrian airspace.

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set up 建立

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They set up many branches throughout the country.
他们在全国建立好多分公司B_w.~,L9~8%1s9t&
He set up a new opinion regarding the project.
他对这个规划提出了一条新的意见Ro^OA(&+fNJ8-TmSMj

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2.Russia and Turkey are taking steps to improve ties and work together in Syria after talks between the Russian and Turkish leaders.

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taking steps to 采取措施

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The government is taking steps to control the air pollution.
政府正在采取措施控制空气污染7wn%^e1883XH
The government is taking steps to control the rising crime rate.
政府正采取措施, 控制不断上升的犯罪率A#bLyxIBDC^Ro1k4

参考译文

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俄土总统会晤 两国关系开启新篇章
俄罗斯与土耳其总统的会谈结束后,两国开始着手改善双方关系并在叙利亚问题上达成一致~[.^L0aIB8(DRgvUQGj
周二,土耳其总统埃尔多安与俄罗斯总统普京在圣彼得堡举行会晤Nla=2zaf3x5Zw*_rsI
普京宣布,俄罗斯将减轻针对土耳其的制裁HvV)9xlyu2N)*。具体包括恢复能源项目工作,如修建土耳其的首座核电站及一条从俄罗斯南部通往黑海的石油管道CVGUk97JOwl0F|
俄罗斯官员称,俄罗斯与土耳其的贸易将于今年年底恢复正常HJjRD18iq,1VQCG*RJ
据《自由日报》报道称,双方同意在两国军方建立直接联系以防止叙利亚领空的事故nCM=9wN6SxP8
双方关系恶化的诱因正是土耳其击落俄罗斯轰炸机
去年11月,土耳其在与叙利亚的边境处击落了一架俄罗斯喷气式轰炸机9EcK2Em#ZM@,@L2。土耳其政府称该飞机入侵土耳其领空A*8F[c%5y4tvnw4
俄罗斯方面否认飞机曾进入土耳其领空,并表示此举为恐怖主义支持者的蓄意挑衅5PG0!7.A5fTWi^;e

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俄土总统会晤.jpg
俄罗斯政府以经济和外交制裁作为回应I(K,2PxID&,qvo@y98。今年6月份,土耳其总统为此次事件道歉,同时双方同意举行直接会谈55IAS!)HoD@,
俄罗斯支持叙利亚阿萨德政府,而土耳其则站在反政府武装的一方~z3sX0jTwqdMLcJk
双方在叙利亚问题上的明争暗斗长达5年_dVc3Z1o)k。暴力冲突致250多万叙利亚难民涌入土耳其kPRaH1N6f!r@d;&WvS_
去年,俄罗斯轰炸叙利亚反政府武装,进一步卷入这场斗争pn79Et-JLz%miBIu~
合作还是妥协?
然而,观察人士纷纷对土耳其和俄罗斯的合作程度表示怀疑d%W)9(6c1*。他们称,双方在叙利亚内战上很难达到共识TIW[&CdMek&rNqD_
军事专家亚历山大·戈尔茨(Alexander Golts)表示,“目前为止,他们尚没有明确结论,很明显,他们在叙利亚问题上存在利益冲突VFqkYY5CQ_。”戈尔茨现为瑞典乌普萨拉大学的客座研究员L)Sx&&PIy=qv=
然而,此番会谈透露出埃尔多安在叙利亚问题上让步的迹象tiW6_h%^T-UEJrxR。这次会谈还向西方盟国表明,土耳其总统是有多种选择的+g!uBI%K|ilIi[JW@uAH
Ishat Saetov是莫斯科市土耳其现代研究中心的负责人cl9kR@E9oIf;ni。他表示,俄罗斯对土耳其实施经济制裁的影响让埃尔多安倍感惊讶~;bXZTrr*2rDDB6)t0。“四百多万俄罗斯游客的流失对土耳其经济来说是非常大的冲击2^W9qoJsPr。”
政变企图部分改变两国关系
虽然两国在叙利亚问题上存在分歧,但当土耳其军方试图推翻埃尔多安政权时,俄罗斯还是选择支持埃尔多安[1Y0cvxGjXwa@
美国和欧洲国家指责土耳其政府处理政变危机的做法SbR;4KYT0~8sn。土耳其政府逮捕了上千人,其中包括多名记者!A*iJ1hX(#tYg
土耳其指控策划此次未遂政变的法图拉·葛兰(Fethullah Gulen)牧师B#C*N]8w5c~uE。葛兰现居于美国宾夕法尼亚州Jw&Rf%g,h6zq[n-QN7;t。土耳其政府希望将他引渡回土耳其受审@CzAjrn5zjQC%9hM。但美国政府以缺乏确切证据为由回绝31.54jIgr!.!q,[(s@_c
土耳其在接收叙利亚难民及其他难民费用支付方面与欧盟也存在分歧fkgHO=FSJS7)。土耳其政府希望欧盟对土耳其公民免签dt8J#[W26GmJ|%gj&nE&
Saetov表示,“叙利亚问题是埃尔多安用来谈判的砝码之一8A&l]F;XDdYe-4dk~。”他说,埃尔多安可能愿意在此问题上进行谈判ET,3@-z=u!s
然而土耳其官员表示,阿萨德必须下台,俄罗斯也难以取代其西方盟友的地位1dG;M*-1LZCjN
马里奥·里特为您播报iZXfmzN^wddOIt4t

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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