VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):美启动寨卡疫苗人体临床试验
日期:2016-08-08 01:46

(单词翻译:单击)

~rMV&uL7*oQqkS-+1o;nCGj8ntUa(;]o

听力文本

pj7W^SuYa0x3

Experimental Zika Vaccine Clinical Testing Begins
The United States government has begun the first clinical testing of an experimental vaccine designed to guard against Zika virus.
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases made the announcement earlier this week.
The experimental vaccine has already been tested in animals.
Anthony Fauci, the institute's director, said on Wednesday that investigators should know soon whether the vaccine is safe for use in human beings. He said the first human tests involve 40 human volunteers in the U.S.
"If we get a good immune response and there are no safety red flags by the end of December 2016, we should know if it's okay to move on to phase II." He said the second phase could begin early next year.
Those trials will be larger studies, involving more volunteers. They would be performed in countries where Zika has spread. There, researchers would look not only at the safety of the experimental vaccine, but its effectiveness in fighting infection.
Infected mosquitoes can pass the virus to people. It can also be passed through sexual contact.
Zika usually causes minor problems in healthy people. But there is a real danger if an infected insect bites a pregnant woman. The infection could spread to the fetus she is carrying.
If infected with the virus, women can give birth to babies with a severe condition known as microcephaly. The heads and brains of those babies are unusually small. Microcephaly can cause many mental and physical problems and even death.
At first, the vaccine's main target will be women of the age when many women give birth. Researchers would also be looking to prevent the disease in the general adult population.
New technique
The vaccine was developed with a relatively new technology. It was scientifically engineered to contain a small piece of DNA from the virus. DNA is short for deoxyribonucleic acid, which contains the biological commands for Zika. The piece is so small that it is not infectious. But it is big enough to produce a reaction from the body's natural defenses for fighting disease.
Fauci said the DNA method makes it easy to provide the vaccine quickly. "We cannot afford to delay the development of a safe and effective vaccine to prevent Zika virus infection," he added.
Zika infections have been reported in 50 countries and territories. Most cases are in Central and South America and the Caribbean. This week, U.S. officials announced that a number of people in the state of Florida have been infected. They said all the infections resulted from infected mosquitoes.
I'm Anne Ball.

YgKrqx+-76xti=*

词汇解析

Fl,71bTQE((BTd

1.experimental vaccine 实验性疫苗

kCJ(r@bIZ[Qa

Scientists say an experimental vaccine reduced the risk of infection in humans by 31% and was safe.
科学家们称一种实验疫苗可以让人们降低31%左右的感染风险,并且安全无害|26;A.0~E*+Dnrz;

@lUg*bXT+]jXp

2.guard against 防止;提防

=Z#_vj2Sk,

Every effort should be made to guard against them.
必须尽一切努力防止其发生zyxJIu#C=VJ5EyvkYq9

aTn.b@x(*p|P1Fd1

3.immune response 免疫反应

d3E.3boBubV(.YK

This effect may be related to direct cytotoxicity and immune response.
这种作用可能与其直接细胞毒作用和激活免疫反应有关LUKcYwo14*ap^jmx

G9*u9ZNEHy

4.passed through 通过;传递

z%y|9b@OpJKRP=)|1Z

He had passed through many difficulties during the experiments.
在试验时他经历了许多困难Sj+u~2Mvb+T;BDN

内容解析

lPg98Yj0#67RkLD50.X

1.This week, U.S. officials announced that a number of people in the state of Florida have been infected.

uavW.l%RzDOp%LZ

a number of 若干;一些

FaY0_zM3r6&FCv

We had to face up to a number of seemingly contradictory concerns.
我们不得不正视若干看起来相互矛盾的问题q!!e|YeoUR
Monkeys are transmitters of a number of dangerous diseases.
猴子是许多危险疾病的传染媒介Bnt~zhMxmW^9E,[Bh

.OaY89lI|]i5;6

2.They said all the infections resulted from infected mosquitoes.

0H3|Ka6EMds9G;TLN

result from 导致;由...造成

uDp;zJPMmU=xF

Anemia may result from esophagitis.
食管炎可能引起贫血bIvHbwnAJ*n
They are hoping for a positive result from the experiment.
他们希望从实验中获得阳性结果M4v!s@bjGn^s&ej[W

参考译文

b0Zg7o3fI,@yQx5]M&

美启动寨卡疫苗人体临床试验
美国政府宣布,启动试验性寨卡疫苗的第一期临床试验1bxT;hcWjM~gW2#
本周早些时候,美国国家过敏症与传染病研究所公布了此消息P@i&#txKetj
这种实验性疫苗已经在动物身上进行了试验MfPx+[[B%Vb7j5RJ
周三,该研究所所长安东尼·福奇(Anthony Fauci)称,不久后研究人员便可知晓寨卡疫苗对人体是否安全e)qoqiybLA=LsBg6QSs。他说,首次人体测试在美国征集了40名志愿者)CAyVeEHv^ztbkSE
福奇表示,“如果疫苗获得良好的免疫反应,且到今年年底未出现任何安全警示,我们就可以考虑展开二期临床试验了[fArPZk^jcUuN。”二期临床试验可能将在明年年初进行IBrv%t0Ps4cB

+bu76CLR*N,lLKe-s4M

美启动寨卡疫苗人体临床试验.jpg
二期临床试验规模会更大,参与的志愿者数量也会增加j7)tE1;GAT;DgLR2;。临床试验将选择在寨卡肆虐的国家进行HH_-eMfO@1。在那里,研究人员不仅要观察实验性疫苗的安全性,还有其抗感染的有效性~ADlrn8SUWVecl
寨卡病毒通过蚊子进行传播#~6cwkEiw.*&c8|&。此外,还可以通过性行为进行传播8ukt!-)ypJ(bt__&t
寨卡对健康人群造成的影响甚微W.A-r.HOfLZ~eg)s&0_D。但被感染的蚊虫叮咬的孕妇就会十分危险oH!wxx)%Bj2)LHsQU**^。因为,寨卡病毒可能会传染给腹中的胎儿KDy+5QSF5kNX
倘若感染寨卡病毒,孕妇将产下患有小头症的婴儿&iAc@UVF8opg。被感染的婴儿头部和大脑小于常人_uF5ynr8.(=UV_oia6~。小头症还会引发多种心理和生理问题,甚至导致死亡&8l_.FMgj@+w|
起先,该疫苗主要针对的是育龄女性v+hoNcr-87xbF4(IE=g。研究人员希望,普通成人种群也能接种预防这类疾病fefYeFx1;pR^Nk;i
新型技术
这种疫苗采用一种新型技术进行研发===pJ%vs1crkS(Ybd。这种疫苗经过科学地设计,取一小片寨卡病毒的DNA纳入疫苗blqatvZ*[N6;BUuqMY。DNA是脱氧核糖核酸的简称,该疫苗包含了寨卡病毒的生物指令Cji6yE9H*D。这片DNA十分微小,因此不具感染性0lv7ceS,FCK。但是足以引起人体对抗疾病的免疫反应D4@H11F!IA
福奇表示,这种DNA方法可以快速引起免疫反应v^7.v~!u--j3eN+bv2。他补充说,“我们已经没有时间等待安全、有效、可预防寨卡病毒感染的疫苗开发出来n1%Iw[7Mg7qtn#I。”
据报道,先后有50个国家和地区出现寨卡感染的病例VWYZo0clKuCjx=u%。多数病例集中在中南美洲和加勒比海地区SEr]fBS0PXtWkc。本周,美国官员宣布,佛罗里达州出现了寨卡感染病例x2,xI31,u~XGD)。他们表示,这些病例均为遭本地蚊子叮咬后感染引起E6Ld(mUT)LRm9
安妮·波尔为您播报phd#Bg|*%s4Y

C@SsjUNKTJgn

译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

AW%7kJENL4=w=[&US%Xc##ulmiW(a651,zRIlJ)w|J0ddB.Ccs&0&
分享到
重点单词
  • announcementn. 通知,发表,宣布
  • directorn. 董事,经理,主管,指导者,导演
  • minoradj. 较小的,较少的,次要的 n. 未成年人,辅修科
  • responsen. 回答,响应,反应,答复 n. [宗]答复语,
  • infectionn. 传染,影响,传染病
  • contradictoryadj. 矛盾的 n. 矛盾
  • reactionn. 反应,反作用力,化学反应
  • spreadv. 伸展,展开,传播,散布,铺开,涂撒 n. 伸展,传
  • experimentaladj. 实验(性)的,试验(性)的
  • relatedadj. 相关的,有亲属关系的