This is What's Trending Today:
Do you remember the Ice Bucket Challenge in 2014? Just in case you do not, here is a little history. Two years ago, some people dared friends to pour a bucket filled with ice water over their heads. If the friends refused, they were required to donate money to help finance research into a brain disease. Most of them took the cold water and donated money, too. Many people recorded themselves getting covered with freezing water. They posted the videos on social media websites, such as YouTube. Then they dared others to pass the challenge. As the campaign grew in popularity, sports stars, politicians and media celebrities got involved. Lots of other people did, too. Eventually, the campaign raised over $100 million for an organization called the ALS Association. ALS is short for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Doctors first recognized the brain disease in the 1800s. ALS became known across the United States in 1939 when baseball star Lou Gehrig retired from the New York Yankees because of the condition. ALS affects nerve cells in the brain and the spinal cord. Eventually, patients cannot control their muscles. They become paralyzed. Most patients will die within five years after they develop the disease. Earlier this week, the ALS Association announced that money raised by the Ice Bucket Challenge financed a discovery. Researchers working on a project called MinE announced they identified a gene that is partly responsible for the disease. The gene is called NEK1. The study involved researchers from 11 countries. They looked at the NEK1 gene and found that it was present in ALS patients whose parents also suffered from the disease. One of the doctors involved said "the ALS Ice Bucket Challenge enabled us to secure funding from new sources in new parts of the world."
And that's What's Trending Today.
1.Ice Bucket Challenge 冰桶挑战
The Internet might be a useful tool for activists and organizers, in episodes from the Arab Spring to the Ice Bucket Challenge.
2.in case 以防，万一，假使
You can count on me to help in case of difficulty.
设有困难， 当助一臂之力 。
3.pour sth over... 把……浇在……上
This can be poured as a sauce over cakes, fruits etc.
4.be required to do sth 被要求做某事
You are not required to do impossible things.
1.Researchers working on a project called MinE announced they identified a gene that is partly responsible for the disease.
work on 从事于，致力于
The scientists are still working on inventing new methods of reaching outer space.
You can work on more than one goal at once but only have one goal per area, to balance them out.
2.Many people recorded themselves getting covered with freezing water.
get covered with... 覆盖着……，盖上……
Because of this, over time, ripples get covered with dust, possibly explaining the bright tone visible here.
Lao Yang removes his tyres after they get covered with melted tar.
2014年，有一些人跟自己的朋友们比试，将盛有冰水的桶浇在自己身上。如果其友拒绝接受挑战，就要为脑部疾病的相关研究捐款 。而大多数人不仅接受了冰桶挑战，也捐了款 。很多人记录下了自己浑身冰水的场景 。并将这些视频上传到诸多社交网站上，比如YouTube 。然后又邀请其他人接受冰桶挑战 。随着冰桶挑战的风靡，很多体育明星、政客和媒体明星也纷纷入列 。很多普通人也参与了冰桶挑战 。最后，冰桶挑战共募捐到1亿美元的资金，捐献给一个名为ALS的组织 。ALS是肌萎缩性脊髓侧索硬化症的简称 。医学家最初发现这种疾病是在19世纪 。而ALS随着1939年篮球明星卢·格里克的退役而为全球所知 。ALS影响大脑神经和脊髓 。最终，患者将无法控制自身肌肉 。进而瘫痪 。大多数患者在患病五年后就会离世 。本周初，ALS协会宣称，冰桶挑战募集到的资金助力了一个新发现的诞生 。该研究项目名为MinE，其研究人员发现，ALS致病的部分原因是一种基因 。该基因名为NEK1 。该项研究涉及到11国医学家 。通过观测NEK1，他们发现，这种基因存在于患者及其父母体内，且父母亦患有ALS 。其中一名参与研究的医学家称，“正是冰桶挑战的募集资金，让我们能获得世界各地不同的资源以便研究” 。以上就是今天的《今日热点》 。