Is Pasta Good for You?
From VOA Learning English, this is the Health and Lifestyle report.
The Italian actress Sophia Loren reportedly once said, "Everything you see I owe to spaghetti."
What we see is her great figure – a figure she credits to eating pasta.
But many people consider pasta bad for maintaining a healthy weight. Modern food experts often suggest avoiding pasta and other carbohydrates, such as white rice and potatoes.
That suggestion is bad news to many people. After all, rice is a staple of many Asian countries; potatoes are a staple of some Eastern European diets; and pasta is a staple of the Italian diet and a favorite of people everywhere.
These foods are also called comfort foods. A comfort food reminds you of home and, well, comforts you.
But now, a new study brings great news to pasta lovers around the world. The study suggests that pasta doesn't make you fat. In fact, the study says pasta may even reduce the chances of obesity. In other words, pasta may make it less likely you will become very overweight.
We should note that this research was done in Italy, where eating pasta is very common.
Mediterranean diet and moderation
The pasta researchers analyzed the diets of more than 23,000 people. They published their findings in the journal Nutrition and Diabetes.
The researchers note that pasta is part of a traditional Mediterranean diet. Many studies have shown that a Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke. However, this study specifically looked at the role that pasta plays.
Pasta, the researchers found, "contributes to a healthy body mass index (BMI), lower waist circumference and better waist-hip ratio." (Again, think of Sophia Loren.)
Licia Iacoviello is the head of the Laboratory of Molecular and Nutritional Epidemiology at the Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Health Care in Pozzilli, Italy. Researchers at this institute conducted the study.
Iacoviello says that the popular view these days is that pasta is not a good choice when you want to lose weight. She adds that "some people completely ban it from their meals."
But, she says, "In light of this research, we can say that this is not a correct attitude."
However, before you help yourself to a big plate of spaghetti and meatballs, you should know this: eating too much pasta will not provide the benefits researchers describe.
Iacoviello warns that pasta should be eaten in moderation. And, she says, it should be part of a diet that includes a variety of common Mediterranean foods such as fresh vegetables and fruits, grains, nuts, olive oil and legumes.
In fact, a different study shows that even the fatty foods in the Mediterranean diet are healthy. These fats include olive oil, nuts, avocados, eggs or fatty fish. The Mediterranean diet is light on meat and dairy.
The lead researcher of the study on fats in the Mediterranean diet is Dr. Hanna Bloomfield. She says that people who eat "a Mediterranean diet with no restriction on the fat they eat "have a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, breast cancer, and type 2 diabetes."
For this study reviewed results of more than 300 previous studies on the health benefits of a Mediterranean diet.
The combination of these two studies seem to suggest that eating a Mediterranean diet is not only good tasting but good for you.
I'm Anna Matteo.
1.owe to 由于；归功于
I'll never forget what I owe to the Party to my dying day.
2.comfort food 安慰食物
There's something about comfort food that makes a bad day feel all better.
3.heart attack 心脏病发作
She dreaded his having another heart attack.
4.In other words 换言之
In other words, the United States could not be absolutely impartial in these new circumstances.
1.What we see is her great figure – a figure she credits to eating pasta.
credit to 归功于
She credits her cover letter as being key to finding her job.
He credits his incredible physique to bodybuilding and says he does regular workouts at the gym.
2.Iacoviello says that the popular view these days is that pasta is not a good choice when you want to lose weight.
lose weight 减肥
She' s starving herself trying to lose weight.
If you want to lose weight you should eat less bread.
意大利女演员索菲亚·罗兰（Sophia Loren）曾说过，“如你所见，我的曼妙身材归功于意大利面 。”
她将那令人艳羡的身材归功于吃意大利面 。但很多人觉得经常吃意面不利于保持健康的体重 。现代饮食专家经常建议人们尽量避免食用意面、米饭、土豆等富含碳水化合物的食物 。
对很多人来说，此建议并非好消息 。毕竟，亚洲多个国家都以米饭为主食，东欧国家的菜单上土豆必不可少，而意面更是意大利和全世界人们的最爱 。
这些食物还被称作“慰藉食物” 。因为这类食物总能让你想起家的味道，慰藉你的心灵 。
现在，一项新研究又为全世界的意面爱好者带来了福音 。研究显示，意面不会使人发胖 。研究称，其实意面会降低肥胖的几率 。换言之，吃意面不容易发胖 。
研究人员分析了23000人的日常饮食 。他们将研究发表在《营养与糖尿病》杂志上 。
研究人员指出意面是传统的地中海膳食 。多项研究显示，地中海饮食有利于降低患心脏病和中风的风险 。此外，该项研究明确指出食用意面的好处 。
研究人员发现，意面“有助于使身体质量指数达标，缩小腰围，增加腰臀比 。”再想想索菲亚·罗兰吧 。
Licia Iacoviello是分子及营养流行病实验室的主任，该实验室隶属于意大利波齐利的研究、住院治疗及卫生保健机构 。进行这项研究是该机构的研究人员 。
Iacoviello称，过去流行一种观念：减肥时最好不要吃意面 。她还说道“因此有的人完全不吃意面了 。”
Iacoviello强调：食用意面要适度 。意面需要搭配着其他地中海食物食用，如新鲜蔬果、谷类、坚果、橄榄油和豆类 。
另一项调查显示，地中海膳食中的高脂肪食品也是健康的 。包括橄榄油、坚果、牛油果、鸡蛋或多脂鱼 。地中海膳食的肉类和乳制品很少 。
研究地中海膳食里脂肪类食物的负责人是Hanna Bloomfield博士 。她表示，那些经常食用不限制脂肪摄入的地中海膳食的人，其患心脑血管疾病、乳腺癌及二型糖尿病的风险比较低 。