VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):科学教你如何培养出聪明的孩子
日期:2016-07-18 19:17

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Six Critical Skills for Today's Global Economy
Children and adults need to develop six important skills to succeed in the modern global economy.
This idea comes from two professors in the U.S. who study how people learn.
Kathy Hirsh-Pasek and Roberta Golinkoff recently published a book called "Becoming Brilliant: What Science Tells Us About Raising Successful Children."
The authors advocate for changing the education systems of many countries around the world, including the United States. They say modern schools need to help people develop a broader set of skills than just reading and math. Those skills all begin with the letter C.
They are:
Collaboration: the ability to work with others, to have social-emotional control, and to form communities.
Communication: the ability to develop strong reading, writing, listening and language skills.
Content: competencies in subject areas, but also in learning to learn.
Critical thinking: the ability to gather information intelligently and to weigh evidence.
Creative innovation: the ability to use information in new ways and to solve problems.
Confidence: the ability to learn from failure and to persist in a problem.
With these skills, children and adults can better function in the 21st century, say the authors.
What is success in education?
As a first step, Hirsh-Pasek suggests that we reconsider what success in education means. She says that most education currently focuses on reading, writing and basic math. As a result, she says, many people view educational success in a narrow way: a good score on a reading or math test.
One problem with this view is that children learn to be parrots rather than human beings. In other words, people learn to memorize and repeat, but do not learn to think creatively, find information, or collaborate.
Instead, Hirsh-Pasek wants to define educational success in a broader way. She says education should aim to develop people who will be the creators, collaborators and citizens of the future.
How do people learn?
Hirsh-Pasek and her co-author, Roberta Golinkoff, say they were inspired by education changes in Canada and a few other countries. They decided to study the science of learning.
In other words, instead of thinking about how teachers teach best, they tried to think about how people learn best.
Hirsh-Pasek describes what they found.
"The very most important thing in learning, especially in language, but even broadly, is to have a relationship with the person that you are learning from. We are human beings, and our calling card as human beings is to be social creatures..."
The idea, Hirsh-Pasek says, is this: Human beings will never be able to memorize information as well as a computer.
What humans do well is work together in teams, or collaborate. After all, we are social creatures.
Hirsh-Pasek says that collaboration is the starting point for human learning. Collaboration is also a highly desired skill in both public and private sector jobs.
What can you do?
Some good news is that people can build their collaboration skills – as well as the other skills the authors recommend – throughout their lives.
Hirsh-Pasek recommends that students evaluate themselves to understand what skills they have. Ask yourself: how well can I work with others? How well do I communicate? Do I think critically? How willing am I to make mistakes?
If you need to strengthen a skill, the most important thing you need to do is practice, says Hirsh-Pasek.
"You will never get better at speech-making if you don't give speeches. You will never get better at French, you will never get better at Chinese, if you don't practice it! And if you don't have another person to practice it with."
So, if you want to improve your English skills, think about ways you can develop relationships with your English teacher or with English-speaking friends.
Hirsh-Pasek adds that students need to learn to look for experiences that will help them learn. She recommends being creative, and above all, not being afraid to mess up. Learning happens when people make mistakes.
I'm John Russell.

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词汇解析

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1.global economy 全球经济

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The information industry helps boost the global economy.
信息业推进全球经济发展Obg.V^NDWDcMoH|r&aj

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2.focus on 专注于

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We should focus on day-to-day work.
我们要把主要精力放到日常工作方面7U.C84J(=Hw|8

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3.In other words 换句话说

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In other words, we are much luckier than Chinese living in the United States.
换言之,我们要比在美国的华人幸运得多YB[56l=)xBaYfaFi~Ou

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4.As a result 结果;因此

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Much farm and forest land had already been spoiled as a result.
结果很大一部分农地和森林已经被毁坏了tfLnq_a1*cAiTajA4L

内容解析

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1.The idea, Hirsh-Pasek says, is this: Human beings will never be able to memorize information as well as a computer.

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as well as 也;和...一样

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Boys as well as girls are taught cookery in school these days.
现在学校里男女学生都学烹饪wH=AD]vcoWVeM
Let' s share in our troubles as well as in our joys.
让我们同甘共苦吧&kizYx#CquvOCMXJ

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2.Hirsh-Pasek adds that students need to learn to look for experiences that will help them learn.

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look for 寻找;指望

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Consumers look for the best values for that they spend.
消费者总是希望他们所花的钱能获得最大的价值T(o=&g-@;2ob0K~[
He thumbed through the directory to look for her number.
他翻阅电话号码簿找寻她的号码N&&QNG.KEy0q5yb^2#CA

参考译文

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科学告诉你,如何培养出聪明的孩子
在经济全球化的大背景下,孩子和成年人需要培养6种重要的技能才能成功-Ud|4OqKAAA0W#iD1p
这一观点是由2位专门研究人类学习方式的美国教授提出的Kk&s;iPQCvZ+Fp72MZ
Kathy Hirsh-Pasek和Roberta Golinkoff最近一本名为:《做一个出色的人:科学告诉你如何培养成功的孩子》的书A&eqWsLx6_
作者呼吁全球各个国家改革现有教育体系a!JIL6Auf3@T0A5lO#。他们称,学校需要帮助学生培养更广泛的技能,而不仅仅是阅读和数学EqU3h|R@hNQ!s。这些技能都是以C开头to2AB^1N=wL8ZF!O&BP
这些技能包括:
合作:与他人合作、控制社交情绪和组织社交圈的能力@iOAh&QB+uc@uIST2[
交流:较强的阅读、写作、听力等语言方面的能力oqQpr6uN3C
内容:在学科领域的学习及如何学习的能力%L.[gIt#hiz
批判性思维:明智地收集信息并分析例证的能力qLR|!U~%msf#qS
创新改革:以不同的方式应用信息及解决问题的能力InE7N-s9_NS0
信心:从失败中学习的能力,并持之以恒Jph,#Xa8_5kecEI3w7C

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如何培养聪明的孩子.png
作者表示,如果具备这些技能,孩子和成年人能够在21世纪有更好的发挥cm7~hSzJg[HhJ
第一步,Hirsh-Pasek指出,我们应当重新审视“什么才是教育中的成功?”*OnrWz_CK;|b。她表示,目前大部分的教育都只强调阅读、写作和基础数学xJUVBpr+Jbs&Hd+。因此,很多人对教育成功的理解十分狭隘,即教育的成功就是在阅读和数学考试中考取高分#v#Agmdtq]&rM~s5]
这一观念的隐患在于,孩子只会变成学舌的鹦鹉,而非独立思考的人类#l4Rj5^DrV-。也就是说,他们只会识记或重复所学内容,而非创造性地进行思考、挖掘信息以及合作cSMG@R85Q57meV&
相反,Hirsh-Pasek希望能够拓宽教育成功的定义%xvU(8N^k1nl~-。她强调教育的目的应当是培养人们成为未来的创造者、合作者和公民&OOxUkQ1T*&)
Hirsh-Pasek及合著者Roberta Golinkoff表示,受到加拿大及其他一些国家教育改革的启发Tt+K]URcCM7nlpO&),。他们决定对学习科学进行研究@2W1+v97,EY#jV
换言之,他们不再研究老师如何才能教好,而是尝试分析人们如何才能学好ANP8yTv~^m*Hq@9
Hirsh-Pasek介绍了他们的这一发现ZPUd3HFn(L.(*5X)zWT
“在学习的过程中,尤其是语言学习,最重要的一点就是与老师建立关系mUH9K@hl[23.|ARe370。我们是人类,而我们的‘名片’就是社交生物n]vo=Uz~p)waW-;PCPjb。”
Hirsh-Pasek表示,也就是说,人类永远无法像电脑那样识记信息VwFd7K3BA[yY8uh];
人类擅长的是团队协作;+&!oew-_7tA^_n8。毕竟,我们都是社交生物+gY3V!ME=bo!y,l^EczP
Hirsh-Pasek表示合作是人类学习的起点w%4us31@FcuchcD3FhH9。合作还是公共事业和私营部门都高度重视的一种技能fga9DgT9VCoCcRWX&x
所幸,人类在生活中可以培养自己的合作技能,还可以培养作者推荐的其他几项技能u#CirAYNr)A~JW
Hirsh-Pasek建议,学生需要评估自己具备哪些技能L,LFF^GgrEP][ws#X。扪心自问:我与他人合作的能力如何?我沟通交流的能力如何?我是否能够批判性地进行思考?我是否愿意犯错误?
Hirsh-Pasek表示,如果你需要巩固某项技能,最重要的方法就是练习ww[I]gIl&Q-Z
“如果不练习,你永远不可能擅长演讲NfK,SBdGg8L0。如果不练习,你永远也学不好法语和汉语77Y=RHA&nPAo#KH。如果没有跟你一起练习的人,(那么你也永远无法取得进步;CPcp6oaw#。)”
如果想提高自己的英语技能,那么就得想方设法地建立与英语老师或说英语的朋友之间的联系+HdOM(k#T;lQ210VBp@K
Hirsh-Pasek补充道,学生应当发掘一些有助于学习的经历ULPWf,l_Ld!&。她建议首先要用勇于创新,而不是害怕犯错+o1kc1&vF@W1s_e。犯错的过程也是学习的过程~SdnYFQ,9@GUCJyY&E.
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • criticaladj. 批评的,决定性的,危险的,挑剔的 adj. 临
  • socialadj. 社会的,社交的 n. 社交聚会
  • communicatev. 交流,传达,沟通
  • definev. 定义,解释,限定,规定
  • creativeadj. 创造性的
  • advocaten. 提倡者,拥护者,辩护者,律师 v. 主张,提倡
  • evaluatevt. 评估,评价
  • globaladj. 全球性的,全世界的,球状的,全局的
  • strengthenv. 加强,变坚固
  • brilliantadj. 卓越的,光辉的,灿烂的 n. 宝石