VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):恐龙遗骸惊现肿瘤
日期:2016-07-10 14:46

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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For the first time ever, scientists have discovered a tumor in the remains of a dinosaur. Researchers at the University of Southampton in England found the deformed jaw of a dinosaur. The smaller-than-normal dwarf dinosaur is called a hadrosaur. It is a duck-billed dinosaur. The hadrosaur lived nearly 67 to 69 million years ago. It was found in what is called the "Valley of the Dinosaurs." That valley is in the Transylvania area of western Romania. Dr. Zoltan Csiki-Sava was involved in finding the diseased hadrosaur. To investigate the tumor, her team was invited to Micro-CT scan the jawbone. The tumor in this dinosaur had not developed to its full extent at the moment it died, the doctor said. The tumor could have indirectly contributed to its early demise. Kate Acheson is a PhD student researcher at the University of Southampton. She said the duck-billed dinosaurs were at higher risk for tumors than other dinosaurs. The tumor is known as an ameloblastoma. That is a benign non-cancerous tumor that is found in the jaws of human and other animals. Researchers say the dinosaur likely did not suffer any pain during the early stages of the tumor. The dinosaur died before being fully grown. Researchers are not sure if the tumor caused the death of the hadrosaur. I'm Anne Ball.

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词汇解析

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1.be involved in 卷入,参加,涉及

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As you read through each one, try to focus on the processes and people that will be involved in bringing your vision to reality.
在阅读每一项技能的过程中,尽量集中于将您的远景变为现实所涉及到的流程和人员gfFSziQmJ7

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2.contribute to 是……的部分原因,导致,有助于

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Your success should contribute to the success of others!
你的成功应能有助于他人的成功!

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3.at risk for 有……的风险

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Meanwhile, the rest of us remain at risk for discrimination and violence.
与此同时,我们这些人就只能面对歧视与暴力的风险了SAfHT#hZ,QugOkf5EuPh

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4.be invited to 受邀……

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One day, while serving the meal, he dropped a few crumbs of food on the lord who was invited to the table with his master.
有一天,他的主人邀请一位领主共同进餐,在上菜的时候,他不小心洒了几点食物屑在那位领主身上]sa#3rXq^rAxsGbap@La

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内容解析

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1.Researchers at the University of Southampton in England found the deformed jaw of a dinosaur.

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deformed adj.畸形的,丑陋的,残废的

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He was born with a deformed right leg.
他天生右腿畸形7nqKdWJNif!9Y
The child has a deformed leg.
孩子的腿变形了S|.J|SSiM~[^#*drAI

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2.That is a benign non-cancerous tumor that is found in the jaws of human and other animals.

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benign adj.良性的,和蔼的,亲切的

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It wasn't cancer, only a benign tumour.
这不是癌,只是良性肿瘤(Kn[ot.6k_Mr%GPi
Yet even in its weakened condition, the country has the capacity to assert benign economic leadership—should it choose to.
然而,即使在这种条件下,这个国家仍然有能力坚持其良性的金融领导——如果它选择这样做8WEqD7xEi0C-D

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参考译文

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人类历史上,科学家首次在恐龙的遗骸中发现了肿瘤A(YCy),PeN。英格兰南安普敦大学的研究人员发现一只恐龙的下颚发生变形1vTf&)RNCF)_8;W+Z8xp。这只鸭嘴龙形体小于正常的恐龙Z_m88S.,pdw+A22%H。是鸭嘴型的恐龙CsUei;kVDkW。鸭嘴龙大约生活在6700万年到6900万年前J4IlP1I3G;4E[%pP[dL@。是在所谓的“恐龙山谷”中发现的UqUqqXsF7o5r(L*o。该山谷位于罗马尼亚西部的特兰西瓦尼亚区域TGi[Y!378A。佐尔坦教授参与了这只生病恐龙的研究+gu0Y-2NdNeP。为了研究它的肿瘤,佐尔坦的团队利用微型CT成像系统来观测下颚骨79ruAj#%T^lzF]E。医生称,这只恐龙将死之时,其肿瘤并没有完全发育成型eM[Hqp=Nu-3[+xH[L&~h。但肿瘤可能对恐龙的夭折有间接影响ST;1!uXku=Zjpy%

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凯特是南安普敦大学的一名博士学生QgtXt6pC(_mN8tAZ1。她表示,这种鸭嘴型的恐龙比其他恐龙更容易得肿瘤1yw!nTv0Cf3%3^8。这种肿瘤学名为成釉细胞瘤|wvXT&6DZj*uEi&=p|^l。这种肿瘤是良性肿瘤,不会致癌,在人类和其他动物身上均有发现l~XbnpM&.2。研究人员称,这只鸭嘴龙在得肿瘤初期并没有遭受很大的痛苦k5jIMue3n*mOjI。而它死去时肿瘤还没有完全成型Mh_vaqj.MT2]%。研究人员尚无法确定是否是这个肿瘤导致了这只恐龙的死亡nDQ1QpN0j1rY。感谢收听安妮为您发回的报道Tx-gtc+[Ih)

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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重点单词
  • indirectlyadv. 间接地
  • violencen. 暴力,猛烈,强暴,暴行
  • capacityn. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位 adj. (达到最
  • dwarfn. 矮子,侏儒 vt. 使矮小 vi. 变小
  • assertvt. 主张,声明,断言
  • investigatev. 调查,研究 [计算机] 研究
  • discriminationn. 歧视,辨别力,识别
  • contributevt. 捐助,投稿 vi. 投稿,贡献,是原因之一
  • demisen. 死亡,转让房产,让位 vt. 让渡,遗赠,转让 v
  • benignadj. 仁慈的,温和的,良性的