VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):你所不知道的美国独立日
日期:2016-07-05 11:08

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Americans Remember Independence Day … Incorrectly
July 4, 1776, was the day early American leaders signed the Declaration of Independence and ended the colonies' political relationship with Britain.
Right?
Well ... the real story is a little more complicated.
It starts a year and a half earlier, in April 1775, when American colonists began fighting with British soldiers. At the time, most colonists just wanted more independence, not complete independence.
But as the fighting continued, public opinion changed. By the summer of 1776, more and more people supported a complete break from Britain.
In June, the colonial government met in Philadelphia.
One of the representatives, Richard Henry Lee from Virginia, called for a vote on whether the colonies should declare their independence.
The other delegates were not ready to vote. But they agreed to allow five people to write a statement about why the colonies were seeking independence.
On July 2, nine of the thirteen delegates finally voted to accept Lee's proposal for independence.
A delegate from Massachusetts, John Adams, wrote to his wife that future citizens would celebrate July 2 for years to come.
Two days later, Thomas Jefferson and the rest of the writing committee presented their Declaration of Independence. The delegates adopted it, and the president of the colonial government, John Hancock, signed it in large letters.
But most of the other delegates did not sign the Declaration of Independence until a few weeks later. Some did not sign it until the following year. And some men who signed it had not even attended the vote in Philadelphia.
Historian Ray Raphael challenges many American historical myths. Raphael says early American leaders did not discuss celebrating the anniversary of the colonies' independence until it was too late. On July 3, 1777, they agreed to honor July 4 as America's birthday.
For well over 200 years, most Americans have marked the day with patriotic and family celebrations.
I'm Jill Robbins.

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词汇解析

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1.political relationship 政治关系

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Our countries have a very important political relationship, which we wish to nurture in the years ahead.
英中两国有非常重要的政治关系,需要我们在将来加以呵护AnW7bS!U;m

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2.At the time 当时

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At the time I had fully expected to find work before long.
那个时候我还一心盼望不久就可找到工作)KRiwyG;hX#k|_N=)7

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3.break from 决裂

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You need a break from routine.
你需要从日常工作中脱身去休息一下z)[c_99%~QF#N!gpT

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4.fighting with 与...斗争

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They argued to the point of fighting with each other.
他们争吵到打架的程度8*t;SEfnSHxn]Ql!

内容解析

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1.One of the representatives, Richard Henry Lee from Virginia, called for a vote on whether the colonies should declare their independence.

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called for 呼吁

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Our policy called for free trade.
我们的政策主张自由贸易]gZO7cd4j+tp845Nr7
The general assessed the situation and called for reinforcement.
这位将军估计了形势并要求增援UpRBWaksv!6z

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2.But they agreed to allow five people to write a statement about why the colonies were seeking independence.

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agreed to 同意;认可

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The men agreed to go to arbitration to settle their pay claim.
这些人同意把他们的工资要求交付仲裁a|8VPUnXwQcE
The countries concerned all agreed to sign the convention.
有关各国都同意签署这项协定hCqg@hhk[|&lbo4

参考译文

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你所不知道的美国独立日
1776年7月4日,早期的美国领导人签署了《独立宣言》,将这片殖民地与英国的政治关系画上了句号Zy~Q9Odna|1fg0aI7t)
对吗?
然而,真相比这要复杂得多TSA=dea=n%boikhs9g
早在一年半之前,也就是1775年4月,美国殖民地居民开始同英国士兵作战Im.LYIPv8LddMCRt。当时,多数殖民地居民只是想要更独立,而并非完全独立&x-tx=XjAqMt-ctI;d
随着斗争不断加剧,民意出现了转折nfAgIUkxoxTWJi)。1776年夏天,越来越多的人支持彻底同英国决裂^~ePxv+k_acP57a-ibY
同年六月,殖民地政府在费城会面;w(6WnP56WS=^

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独立日.jpeg
来自弗吉尼亚的代表理查·亨利·李(Richard Henry Lee)呼吁就殖民地是否应宣布独立进行投票vBi5m@vVqpJ
其它各州代表虽未做好投票准备zIb|9baXe]&x^VG。但是他们同意让五人撰写一份关于殖民地为何寻求独立的声明#m2(*O~FE9tmebbbK
7月2日,十三名代表中有九名最终投票决定接受李提出的独立建议YYH7yZk=@P,
来自马萨诸塞州的代表约翰·亚当斯(John Adams)写信给妻子说,未来公民们将在7月2日这一天庆祝独立(Tguf@lmZ%NwJ+ONK,
两天后,托马斯·杰斐逊(Thomas Jefferson)和撰写委员会的其他人士发表了独立宣言)_8wa)J6G(piaT7V.on。各州代表一致通过了这份宣言,殖民地政府主席约翰·汉考克(John Hancock)以大号字体签署了这份宣言vI7I9%o;;m1U9TdGd
但是其他多位代表是在几周之后才签署的独立宣言lFiFu6Bix3gB。有些人次年才签署独立宣言YUhAa;eM,pric。还有一些签署代表甚至没有参加费城投票jR9%%2t|qkBgxh&p
历史学家雷·拉斐尔(Ray Raphael)曾质疑过很多美国的历史kiVz703&D!ACUud=ZZBT。拉斐尔表示,早期美国领导人并未及时就庆祝独立的纪念日进行讨论r(7_YM@6S-。1777年7月3日,他们同意把7月4日尊为美国的诞辰0DXJfcL9i]2
两百多年来,大部分美国人会在这一天表达爱国热情、举行家庭聚会FtgmhEpEC1
我是吉尔·罗宾斯U*PPKJ||Wyk*L.

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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