BBC双语新闻讲解附字幕:意大利首都罗马或将迎来首位女市长
日期:2016-07-02 10:32

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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罗马广场

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Italy’s capital city Rome could get its first female mayor today. Our correspondent in Rome is James Reynolds.
Rome is the eternal city. Its problems seem to last forever, as well. Italy’s capital is full of litter, graffiti and potholes. Its buses and trains are old and slow. In recent years, an organized crime network took control of some of the city’s public contracts. And in October last year, Rome’s most recent mayor was forced to resign in an expenses scandal. It’s somewhat inevitable then that the two politicians who’ve made it to the election run-off promise this city a new start. The favorite, maybe 37-year old lawyer Virginia Raggi, she is from the populist “Five Star Movement”. If elected, she’d become this city’s first female mayor. She runs against1 55-year old Roberto Giachetti. He is backed by the Prime Minister Matteo Renzi. The winner will inherit a city in need of a gigantic cleanup. That was James Reynolds in Rome.
The French Economy Minister Emmanuel Macron has warned that leaving the European Union would reduce Britain to2 being a trading post on the borders of Europe. Mr. Macron said Britain would be like a small country on the world stage. The referendum in Britain takes place on Thursday. And there’s been plenty of speculation about what could happen if Britain decides to leave the EU.
Perhaps surprisingly, the Islamic Republic of Iran is home to one of the world’s most prestigious collections of western modern art. Now finally they are on the move. And some art will be shown at an exhibition in Berlin this year.
We have wonderful really extraordinary works of that period. And there are also other wonderful impressionist works. Really the selectivity of the curators in purchasing these artworks was quite exceptional.
How did they survive the revolution?
Well, there was initially somebody in charge who was very devoted to keeping the collection intact3. And I think we were very lucky in that the museum directors, one after the other, were all conscious of the quality of the collection and therefore, they were quite keen that nothing should be sort of sold off4.
And all of the works in the museum have stayed there. Now that some of these works are gonna be shown abroad in Germany later this year, people will obviously get an idea of5 just how wonderful this is. Do you see then now that sanctions have been lift and there are much more of this sort of cultural exchanges, does Iran now seem open?

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词汇学习

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1.run against 与…比赛;与…竞选

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例句:Mr William is going to run against Johnson.
威廉先生将与约翰逊竞选rL9cz[Jo1)mI

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2.reduce to 使变弱为

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例句:The stream is reduce to a mere trickle in summer.
夏天那小河水量减少,成了涓涓细流L_JspeB7(az#T

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3.keep sth intact 保持原貌(样)

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例句:To keep the egg intact, add some vinegar.
要想鸡蛋完好无损,可以加一些醋D6WbKfb!h*I

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4.sell off 廉价出清(存货)

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注:sell out卖完;卖光Vi)zflGAPG6#|k2Bu。on sale廉价出售;贱价抛售[SiwhKsdQHg

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例句:The company is selling off some sites and concentrating on cutting debts.
该公司正在变卖几块地皮,全力削减债务#f%g4^-P#]kkMT._GD7W

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5.get an idea of 了解

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例句:Try out the demo software to get an idea of how it works.
你可以尝试一下该软件的试用版本来了解它如何工作z12RWukzOMH

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内容解析

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1.In recent years, an organized crime network took control of some of the city’s public contracts.

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take control of 控制

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例句:He failed in his attempt to take control of the company.
他试图掌控公司,但以失败告终~Q04VcNfe+i0x5@

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例句:Airtours conceded defeat in its attempt to take control of holiday industry rival Owners Abroad.
空中旅游公司承认其对度假服务行业竞争对手海外业主旅行社的控股企图以失败告终F(&AOVIAK]^P;

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2.It’s somewhat inevitable then that the two politicians who’ve made it to the election run-off promise this city a new start.

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run-off n.(最后一次)决赛;决定性竞选

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例句:There will be a run-off between these two candidates on December 9th.
12月9日将举行这两位候选人的决胜选举qUpYLp5jkZsWHPgTKX3

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例句:He claimed the title after beating the American Sean Moran in a run-off at Bradford.
他在布拉德福德的决胜赛中打败美国人肖恩·莫兰之后获得了冠军rR;hEom!T9bS+&]

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参考翻译

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意大利首都罗马今天获将迎来它的第一位女市长N6CNI^OgR+.z。本台罗马记者詹姆斯•雷诺兹报道jTszu=Fnfbs,IsD(NY
罗马是永恒之城,而它的问题也似乎是永恒的OnhYt4uGDKo].Ujn。意大利首都充满了垃圾、涂鸦和凹坑;巴士和火车又旧又慢,PGlwOFswF-K=g9yZh。近年来,集团犯罪网络控制了该城市的一些公共契约Cpboq]sUFdS。去年十月份,罗马最新的市长在支出丑闻中被迫辞职pQ!nPBoR@+0Tv9%wm。那么坚持到决胜选举的两名政客多少难免要承诺给这个城市一个新开始3hL%PY]41C。最受民众喜爱的或许就是37岁的律师拉吉(Virginia Raggi),她来自民粹主义的“五星运动”65MIp!*Ig,YV0vtJ。如果当选,她将成为该城市的首位女市长jR#B+Rl1SHn+#-J5。她的竞选对手是55岁的贾凯蒂(Roberto Giachetti),他有总理伦齐(Matteo Renzi)的支持uoVVj5YKk_@dWhjrQ。获胜者将继承一座需要大扫除的城市c~,2Sk-4h]。詹姆斯•雷诺兹罗马报道w5=5^smM0BbePG;zy9
法国经济部长马克隆(Emmanuel Macron)警告说,离开欧盟会将英国减弱为欧洲边境上的一个交易站NA18^m#KX7x。马克隆称英国会像世界舞台上的一个小国~dpyf~I*2L2。英国公投于周四举行,关于英国决定离开欧盟后会发生什么,外界一直存在诸多猜测7DS=pcKSs)X0%rX]gWY,
伊朗伊斯兰共和国有着世界上最有名望的西方现代艺术收藏品,这或许有些出人意料~r*%erDUhwu3Hu+al。如今,这些收藏品终于动身了tfLZVQx3YgWkP。有些艺术品会于今年在柏林的一次展会上展出1]9IHM&@V#|Of
我们有那个时期最特别的作品,还有绝妙的印象派作品tWGcP2jss1PNV8f~。确实,馆长们在购买这些艺术品时的选择性上是十分卓越的DQ7iEV|lIN~z;q,x+Ox
它们是怎么在革命中幸存下来的?
最初的那个负责人非常投入地维持收藏品的原貌g+GjR3ML!X(。我认为我们非常幸运,因为博物馆每任馆长都知悉收藏品的品质,因此他们特别热心地保证不廉价处理任何东西0niyq;&Zhy7
博物馆中的所有作品都保存了下来!f5*QbIIS08fsIzo。由于今年一部分作品会在德国被展出,大家肯定就能了解这些作品究竟有多棒l+G8D;4j1A;7H%Mhy。那既然制裁已经被取消了,有越来越多类似的文化交流,现在伊朗看起来开放了吗?

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译文属可可英语原创,未经允许,不得转载0@Kq])VRU]2

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重点单词
  • devotedadj. 投入的,深爱的 v. 投入 vbl. 投入
  • inevitableadj. 不可避免的,必然(发生)的
  • vinegarn. 醋
  • revolutionn. 革命,旋转,转数
  • collectionn. 收集,收取,聚集,收藏品,募捐
  • survivevt. 比 ... 活得长,幸免于难,艰难度过 vi.
  • resignv. 辞职,放弃,顺从,听任
  • scandaln. 丑闻,中伤,反感,耻辱
  • streamn. (人,车,气)流,水流,组 v. 流动,流出,飘动
  • tricklevi. 滴流,慢慢移动 n. 细流,徐徐地流