VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):想入境美国? 先交出社交媒体账户!
日期:2016-06-30 14:05

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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US Government Using Social Media to Determine Terror Threats
The United States government is increasingly using social media to investigate people who may represent a security threat to the country.
The latest example comes from the Department of Homeland Security's Customs and Border Protection office. It wants to ask foreign visitors to provide information about their accounts on social media sites like Facebook and Twitter.
An optional–or non-required–question would be added to the form that people must complete before entering the United States.
The form asks information like the person's name, phone number, and countries they have visited since 2011.
The proposed social media question would only concern travelers who do not need a visa to enter the United States. Travelers from 38 countries are permitted to enter the U.S. without a visa.
The Customs and Border Protection office said in its proposal that adding the question would affect about 24 million people.
There is a 60-day comment period for the public to share their opinion about the proposal.
Congress Also Proposing Social Media Bills
U.S. lawmakers have also proposed bills concerning the use of social media for researching possible terrorism links.
Senator John McCain sponsored a bill that would require the Department of Homeland Security to look at internet activity and social media profiles of anyone seeking entry to the United States.
Senators Martin Heinrich and Jeff Flake sponsored a bill that would permit the Department of Homeland Security to "search open source information, including internet and social media postings" of people applying for a visa to enter the U.S.
Senator Chuck Schumer has proposed a different plan to help officials search for possible terror links. He wants to reward people who send officials terrorism-related information from social media posts. Anyone whose information leads to the arrest of someone planning an attack in the U.S. would be paid money.
Schumer's proposal would make use of the Justice Department's Rewards for Justice program.
Schumer said that investigators need the public's help. Schumer said he wants to award people who come forward with information anywhere from $25,000 to $25 million.
In the House of Representatives, Congressman Stephen Fincher proposed a bill that centered on stopping prisoners from becoming radicalized.
His bill would require volunteers in federal prisons to provide their social media accounts during their background investigations. Fincher called U.S. prisons a "breeding ground" for Islamic radicalization.

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词汇解析

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1.social media 社交媒体

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We do not expect social media to radically change what we do.
我们并不认为社会媒体将在根本上改变我们所做的&9=Ktdi5)0-va

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2.security threat 安全威胁

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We notice that the United States regards terrorism as today’s major security threat.
我们注意到,美国把恐怖主义视为当今的主要安全威胁)S|g0&w*)||uY!52

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3.added to 添加

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The interest is added to your account every year.
每年的利息都加到你的存款中ss,y_8=P-hJ

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4.phone number 电话号码

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I want to leave the phone number of the restaurant....
我要留餐厅的电话号码给她Hhtx4Ifo2TNsGFAg%b[k

内容解析

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1."Search open source information, including internet and social media postings" of people applying for a visa to enter the U.S.

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applying for 申请

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I am applying for a fellowship.
我在申请研究生奖学金+0U4Tk4](tb+-f5
She sent a testimonial from her former employer when applying for the post.
她申请那职位时寄去了前雇主的推荐书qTQHyYA;7rGA)u#E

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2.Senator Chuck Schumer has proposed a different plan to help officials search for possible terror links.

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search for 搜寻

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People have made a long search for the cause of malaria.
人们为了找出疟疾的起因进行了长时期的探索I_)~zVGshIw1dR+Gn
Magnetic techniques are most suitable in the search for iron in this form.
磁法最适用于勘探这类铁矿zRx+r*%Mk&;O2(DW

参考译文

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社交媒体成粉碎恐怖袭击阴谋的利器?
美国政府越来越重视利用社交媒体调查可能对国家安全造成威胁的人!E(oA,&g_89TN%.ge
比如说美国国土安全部下属的海关和边境保护局HJk%*ey!OLglo7]。该机构拟要求外国游客提交Facebook和Twitter等社交媒体账号的个人信息#OkUi2]wqs
入境美国前需填写的表格中将纳入一项新的可选填问题etYLs6D,AkM@J
该表格要求入境者填写姓名、电话号码及2011年以来到过哪些国家等信息QKxvj0G*!9EB_5gkp
要求出示社交媒体账号的提案仅针对那些通过免签证计划进入美国的游客CTqjjw(6|ok)Z_IeMiO。约38个国家的游客无需签证即可进入美国Zs;SY~qfj[]u
美国海关和边境保护局在其提案中称,这一新增选项将影响约2400万人zSp_ss~Z1svzeIDONaSx
公众可以在60天的评议期内对该提案提出建议q*+=d_=ioL=U)W^&F

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社交媒体粉碎恐怖袭击阴谋.jpg
国会也提出了社交媒体议案
美国国会议员也提出了关于利用社交媒体追查潜在恐怖主义的议案w-A*sI#lC&7(!j&*R
参议员约翰·麦凯恩(John McCain)提出的议案要求,美国国土安全部检查所有意图进入美国的境外人士的互联网活动及其社交媒体账户WPtqPt93Ad7!#
参议员马丁·海因里希(Martin Heinrich)和杰夫·弗雷克(Jeff Flake)提出了一项议案,议案允许美国国土安全部对申请签证入境人士的公开类信息进行调查,包括互联网和社交媒体的贴文OeJI_7xHnZf[#DAc
参议员查克·舒默(Chuck Schumer)提出了一项不同的议案来帮助官员查找潜在的恐怖袭击线索~SFjl-]9KodAbNRnr4。他希望政府奖励那些举报社交媒体贴子中含恐怖主义信息的民众b)qPuYLP5];HfQ9。民众只要提供有利于抓捕恐怖分子的线索都会获得奖励=a0Q%+!.r_hmALY
舒默的提案将利用到美国司法部的正义奖励计划~4zccW~Z@;b25(IsG
舒默表示,调查人员需要群众的帮助3skoNV&9%c。舒默说,他希望给举报者提供2.5万到2500万美元的奖励L&JcYH,j8UU+
而众议院的议员斯蒂芬·芬奇(Stephen Fincher)提出的议案重点是阻止囚犯变得激进O|O)[LSly2Ou
该议案要求申请联邦监狱的志愿者在接受背景调查时要提供其社交媒体账户bS@Cj0I|Ppdomv(UV.n。芬奇解释称,美国监狱向来是伊斯兰极端主义的“温床”=pSBDW]+,iwi_j3i@Dh9

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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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