VOA慢速英语(翻译+字幕+讲解):伊拉克:收复费卢杰 剑指摩苏尔
日期:2016-06-29 12:37

(单词翻译:单击)

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听力文本

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Iraq Declares Fallujah Free of Islamic State
Iraqi forces recaptured the city of Fallujah from Islamic State fighters after a month of fighting. On Sunday, Iraqi Lieutenant General Abdul-Wahab al-Saadi called Fallujah "fully liberated." He also said the next step would be to retake Mosul.
The destruction in Fallujah is extensive.
Almost 85,000 people fled Fallujah and nearby areas to escape the fighting. Many of the displaced are without shelter. The summer temperatures are 45 degrees Celsius or higher.
Powerful sandstorms are also a danger.
Many citizens of Fallujah took shelter at a health center near the city. It is lacking water supplies and human waste systems. Center Director Ahmed Basel said, "We have too many people. There are no more spaces in the camps. Every five meters you find a family."
Women and children make up most of the population at refugee camps in Iraq. Males over the age of 14 were separated from their families as they fled Fallujah.
United Nations refugee agency workers met with Iraqi families. The UNHCR said those talks confirmed reports that almost all families are missing several family members.
U.S.-led coalition air strikes supported Iraqi forces in the battles for Fallujah. Shi'ite militias also assisted Iraqi forces on the ground.
There are no clear reports of deaths and injuries on either side of the fighting.
Iraqi officials warned civilians against returning to their homes although conditions in the camps are bad. The officials said some parts of Fallujah are unsafe.
There is concern that similar problems of displacement will take place in a battle for Mosul.
Islamic State forces have occupied the city since June 2014. Its population is estimated at 2.5 million. Mosul is Iraq's second largest city.
Aid agencies are worried that more Iraqis will lose their homes. Close to 600,000 Mosul-area civilians may be displaced during the fight for the city.
Those agencies told VOA the displacement will be a disaster many times the size of the current situation outside Fallujah.
Iraqi Kurdish military commanders are saying that Mosul will be a more difficult fight than Fallujah. They say it will require a political-military agreement among all groups involved. For example, Kurdish commanders are warning against permitting Shi'ite militias to take part in the offensive in the Sunni majority area.
I'm Caty Weaver.

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词汇解析

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1.took shelter 躲避

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We took shelter from the storm in a barn.
我们在一个谷仓里躲避暴风雨2]]endAR]9K

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2.water supplies 供水

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Farmland will be devastated, water supplies contaminated.
农田将荒芜供水将受到污染^Dx6U^Qx8LP4A#,i4

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3.human waste 生活垃圾

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Human waste is piped directly into the sea without being treated.
人类的排泄物未经处理被直接排泄到海里_y!^Nff%%D0!i&@1DpP|

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4.health center 医疗中心

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The doctors worked at the Health Center.
这些医生们在医疗中心工作NEOekZD@s!5xKv!

内容解析

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1.Women and children make up most of the population at refugee camps in Iraq.

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make up 组成

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Her beauty can't make up for her stupidity.
她的美丽不能弥补她的愚蠢8%aVcOg~~de+ve__
Hard work can often make up for a lack of intelligence.
勤奋工作往往可以弥补智力的不足-ErbDQ,)SZh

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2.There is concern that similar problems of displacement will take place in a battle for Mosul.

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take place 发生;举行

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His graduation will never take place if he doesn't get to work.
如果他不下功夫,就永远不会毕业i!8!~H9|!G0|SaR&|0^
Earthquakes take place far underground.
地震则发生在地球的极深处CnfZVm%ptj%faS

参考译文

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伊拉克:收复费卢杰 剑指摩苏尔
一个月的激战过后,伊拉克政府军成功收复被“伊斯兰国”占据的费卢杰市aJXbVuN^;]jVZ;@(~6。伊拉克中将阿卜杜勒·瓦哈卜·萨阿迪宣布费卢杰“完全解放”=S_dcjA8^%o4d。他还指出下一步将夺回摩苏尔OWb~Nbavwhp
战后的费卢杰一片颓垣败瓦Q_m!Nk,21]Ljw95Pso
为躲避此次战争,约85000人逃离了费卢杰市及周边区域VlYH17L+%L,&+。许多无家可归的人找不到避难所l,)(=^An#n-NwA4qM_。当地夏季温度达到45摄氏度,甚至更高Zs=*@dW)#%#1PxKNHOf
强沙尘暴同样也是个威胁B.c;rq82R)A
多数民众将费卢杰市附近的一处健康中心当做避难所fubkb_Wknh]d^VkEg。该中心缺乏水源供应及生活废物处理系统[#QyV4#Lm1d)|lR+4。中心负责人艾哈迈德·巴塞尔表示,“人太多了|O!Qf.=dxi=bv1=Tr。这里已经没有多余的位置了8(98w109cO8wYbB(w~。每五米就有一大家子挤在那j|j^+edCFGJEzdfj。”
伊拉克的难民营中,妇女和儿童占多数2Jd*w_sABfm。14岁以上的男子逃离费卢杰时与家人走散Yxwp7h=Abg

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伊拉克收复费卢杰.jpg
联合国难民署的工作人员与伊拉克逃亡家庭谈话I+Xz~z!b8]WsgZng4M。联合国难民事务高级专员称,交谈中证实了报告所说内容,几乎所有家庭都有几位家人离散AgQrF(Ox1lW+IUO2[Z1
美国支持的联合空袭在费卢杰之战中协助伊拉克部队N(]8c.(;qxU^yv。什叶派民兵也助力伊拉克政府队击溃ISxV%2TVPx4(&i^1i
目前没有任何关于参战方的明确伤亡报告5vD5@A[9do5Bc2jNB
伊拉克政府警告,虽然避难所的环境恶劣,但民众不要返回家中v-x8Lvp@bJ3s!1B8p。政府强调,费卢杰某些地方并不安全DEmBaM#~HHkNu=50
民众担心摩苏尔之战也会出现“流离失所”的问题S]BDj2H7)!1Jm;*t
2014年6月起,“伊斯兰国”组织就占领了这座城市tLcNUOcLW;77OFHofbu7。该市人口约250万k_+vDovvqb2a。摩苏尔是伊拉克第二大城市IQ9g~lR&Hz0eso^J%4
援助组织担心,越来越多的伊拉克人将失去家园|3nJ*Q~XV68s3S]U&。近60万摩苏尔平民会在收复城市的战争中无家可归4_+Vr)wGs=ER#!7C
援助组织告诉VOA,流离失所的难民将成为一场灾难,这场灾难将比目前费卢杰城外的状况严重数倍.gLTE#+8I|]
伊拉克库尔德武装的指挥官们表示,摩苏尔之战将比费卢杰之战困难得多r1B@9SN.GJ8KDx#。他们称,此次战役需要相关各方签订一份政治——军事协定.d!4incnzM3r5&QymuS#。比如,库尔德指挥官们警告什叶派民兵不准参与对逊尼派主要地区的进攻anF|gPBeye&h-31F
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译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

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